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1 Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defence which I make now unto you. 2 (And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he saith,) 3 I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day. 4 And I persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women. 5 As also the high priest doth bear me witness, and all the estate of the elders: from whom also I received letters unto the brethren, and went to Damascus, to bring them which were there bound unto Jerusalem, for to be punished. 6 And it came to pass, that, as I made my journey, and was come nigh unto Damascus about noon, suddenly there shone from heaven a great light round about me. 7 And I fell unto the ground, and heard a voice saying unto me, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? 8 And I answered, Who art thou, Lord? And he said unto me, I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou persecutest. 9 And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me. 10 And I said, What shall I do, LORD? And the Lord said unto me, Arise, and go into Damascus; and there it shall be told thee of all things which are appointed for thee to do. 11 And when I could not see for the glory of that light, being led by the hand of them that were with me, I came into Damascus. 12 And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt there, 13 Came unto me, and stood, and said unto me, Brother Saul, receive thy sight. And the same hour I looked up upon him. 14 And he said, The God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou shouldest know his will, and see that Just One, and shouldest hear the voice of his mouth. 15 For thou shalt be his witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard. 16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord. 17 And it came to pass, that, when I was come again to Jerusalem, even while I prayed in the temple, I was in a trance; 18 And saw him saying unto me, Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me. 19 And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on thee: 20 And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him. 21 And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles. 22 And they gave him audience unto this word, and then lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a fellow from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live. 23 And as they cried out, and cast off their clothes, and threw dust into the air, 24 The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him. 25 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned? 26 When the centurion heard that, he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman. 27 Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He said, Yea. 28 And the chief captain answered, With a great sum obtained I this freedom. And Paul said, But I was free born. 29 Then straightway they departed from him which should have examined him: and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him. 30 On the morrow, because he would have known the certainty wherefore he was accused of the Jews, he loosed him from his bands, and commanded the chief priests and all their council to appear, and brought Paul down, and set him before them.

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1 Deena E = "Paul's ministry was so effective because he was able to virtually relate to everyone in that region. His experience and upbringing--he was a zealous Jew, raised as a Pharisee, practicing the law, but he was also a Roman citizen by birth--enabled him to be very versatile."
2 Cary W = "Paul, having been a Saul, who persecuted chrisians feircly, was perfect for this speech, since he could so personally relate to them.  At hearing what he was, they became defenseless and open to his message.  Immediately he launches into a most powerful miracle of his experience with this so controversial Jesus."
3 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "If Paul was such a learned man [he was a Pharisee] and understood the Hebrew scripture so well, how come he had never heard that the Jewish Messiah was supposed to die for the sins of the world and been born of a virgin? You would think he would have embraced Christianity without seeing the "risen christ" because he would have seen all the supposed Old Testament prophecies about the "virgin birth" and suffering on the cross but even with all that, Paul did not believe that Jesus was the promised Messiah. The reason he didn't is because no such Hebrew prophecies existed, Paul continued to persecute Christians even after the crusifiction as Paul himself was unaware of any of the supposed messianic prophecies concerning Jesus. It had to take a vision of Jesus to convince Paul that he was wrong, yet with all the proof from scriptures, Paul still did not believe in Jesus. This is further proof that the Old Testament prophecies regarding the Jewish messiah did not exist at the time and were later added by Christians trying to fit Jesus into the Hebrew scriptures."
4 Cary W = "Though his message penetrated their hearts, it also hit the last nerve, for Jews were passionate about their unique heritage and proud that only the Jews were chosen to be in His temple.  This pride makes their heart not only turn from Paul, but actually want him dead for this last word about God wanting to reach the gentiles."