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1 And God spake all these words, saying, 2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. 7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. 12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. 13 Thou shalt not kill. 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. 15 Thou shalt not steal. 16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's. 18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off. 19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. 20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. 21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was. 22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. 23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold. 24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. 25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. 26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

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1 John S = "The Ten Commandments also appear in Deuteronomy 5."
2 Jeff Smith = "This chapter is also commonly known as The Ten Commandments."
3 Sahil Badruddin = "Different religious traditions and sects have divided these verses of Exodus 20 and their parallels in Deuteronomy 5 into Ten Commandments in different ways; these commandments are followed not only by Jews but also by Septuagint (Orthodox Christians), Lutherans, and Reformed Christians. "
4 Stephanie C = "You should not worship items or statues. He is saying he is the living God who always was and always will be, do not have idols"
5 Stephanie C = "And he is also saying to follow his commandments. they are also set for a good reason. "
6 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Unlike the world's other religions, Judaism is the only faith to make the claim of a national revelation in which God spoke directly to over "600,000" men (around 2+ million people if you include women and children) at the foot of Mount Sinai. The Israelites were given the title of "chosen nation" not as a display of arrogance but as a symbol of the heavy burden to ensure that God's word would not be distorted throughout the ages. In order to prove to the world that He actually spoke these words, God wanted an entire nation to witness his revelation, not just a handful of disciples. Individuals and groups can (and do) lie, but only an entire nation of millions which saw and heard the same message would ensure that the laws and statutes that God commanded were meticulously followed throughout the generations. With all other religions, it was a prophet who displayed some special power or prophecy which begat followers who spread his message, not so with the nation of Israel. It was God Himself which introduced his prophet Moses to an entire nation and told them to follow him. While Judaism, Islam and Christianity may not agree theologically on many things, all of these religions admit that it was the nation of Israel which witnessed God's revelation at Sinai and was chosen as God's messengers to convey his word. This is why the scriptures openly say "And God spoke these words, saying" so that there would be no doubt in the mind of the reader that this was not a "one man" show, but a testimony given to an entire nation of witnesses."
7 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "It is true that the 10 Commandments are applicable for the entire world, however God was specifically addressing his future messengers and introducing himself to the nation of slaves which he had just redeemed from bondage. First impressions are always the most important because it's the initial meeting that sets the stage for all future interactions. God was addressing Israel letting them know that He was the one who took them from Egypt. God did not address himself as Jesus, Allah, Buddha, Krishna, or by any other name but Y-H-V-H which is an acronym for the Hebrew words "I was, I am and I always will be". This sacred name was given to Jacob hundreds of years earlier and passed on to his descendants so that one day when the redeemer (Moses) came to free his descendants from Egypt, he would know the name given to Jacob with which the Children of Israel would follow."
8 Shawn Bose = "Jacob had settled in Egypt and after his descendants had lived there for over four centuries, the Egyptians forced the growing 'tribe' into slavery as to keep them from being a power within their society. "
9 angela h = "The truth is that we can make anything a god/idol....money, belongings, ourselves, others, family, work, church. The true test is....what do we spend most of our thought life on? That is our god. Hopefully it is God Almighty. If not, it is time to spend some time in our prayer closet."
10 Sara Di Diego = "Some believe that Judaism/Christianity was the first monotheistic religion.  In History of Israelite Religion, Yehezkel Kaufmann proposed that the religion of Yahweh was "an original creation of the people of Israel," since, "it was absolutely different from anything the pagan world ever knew". However there are records that the pharaoh, Akhenaten, tried to introduce monotheism to Egypt by introducing himself as the one and only god (in about 1353 B.C.)Work Cited:Crystal, Ellie. "Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt - Akhenaten." Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt - Akhenaten. Crystalinks, 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.Wright, Robert. The Evolution of God. New York: Little, Brown, 2009. Print."
11 Shawn Bose = "At this time in the ancient world, most religious expression would have had some representation in idols, art, etc.  By stating that this the God of the Israelites, Yahweh, is not to be represented in this way - shows that their God is above the other more earthly deities of the time - placing Him above them in his power and domain. In essence, there is no form that can encapsulate that which is ineffable - therefore to try and represent Him as such is an impossibility."
12 Raymond Huerta = "in heaven above...in the earth beneath...in the water under the earth.The language used to describe the phrase "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image..." implies that the Lord reigns supreme over the entire cosmos. This contrasts with Canaanite mythology in that different gods preside over various realms of the cosmos. For example, Baal rules over the land, Yamm over the sea, and Mot over the underworld. This is a ban against fashioning images against cultic icons (See verse 5), not a comprehensive prohibition of image-making.Other verses pertaining to this commandment:2 Kings 17:12 https://www.deily.org/bible/kjv/4-kings-2-kings/17Exodus 32:8 https://www.deily.org/bible/kjv/exodus/32Leviticus 26:1 https://www.deily.org/bible/kjv/leviticus/26Judges 17:3 https://www.deily.org/bible/kjv/judges/17Psalm 97:7 https://www.deily.org/bible/kjv/psalms/97Psalm 115:4-8 https://www.deily.org/bible/kjv/psalms/115Works cited:Alter, Robert. "The Book of Exodus." The Five Books of Moses. New York: Norton, 2004. 429. Print."Exodus." Holy Bible. King James Version ed. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979. Print."
13 Raymond Huerta = "The language used to describe the phrase "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image...in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth" implies that the Lord reigns supreme over the entire cosmos. This contrasts with Canaanite mythology in that different gods preside over various realms of the cosmos. For example, Baal rules over the land, Yamm over the sea, and Mot over the underworld. This is a ban against cultic icons (See verse 5), not a comprehensive prohibition of image making.Other verses pertaining to this commandment:2 Kings 17:12 Exodus 32:8 Leviticus 26:1Judges 17:3 Psalm 97:7 Psalm 115:4-8 Works cited:Alter, Robert. "The Book of Exodus." The Five Books of Moses. New York: Norton, 2004. 429. Print."Exodus." Holy Bible. King James Version ed. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979. Print.Smith, Mark. "Chapter 2: Yahweh and Baal." The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel. 2nd ed. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2002. Print."
14 Raymond Huerta = "The Hebrew word for "jealous" is qana'. This word can either mean "jealous" or "zealous." The appearance of the term in connection with God's banning of all cultic rivals suggests that the word meaning leans towards jealousy."And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me...," is an act of kindness bestowed to the Israelites for keeping the covenant.  "...unto thousands of them..." parallels Deuteronomy 7:9. Other verses pertaining to this commandment:Exodus 23:24 Exodus 34:14 Numbers 25:11 Deuteronomy 4:24 Deuteronomy 6:15 Joshua 24:19 Works cited:"Exodus." Holy Bible. King James Version ed. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979. Print.Alter, Robert. "Chapter 20: The Book of Exodus." The Five Books of Moses: A Translation with Commentary. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004. Print."
15 Raymond Huerta = "The Hebrew for the phrase "in vain" literally means "bear," indicating the taking of an oath. To make an agreement with the Lord (a covenant) and then later break it would be to take his name in vain. Alternative interpretations attribute swearing with the Lord's name as using it in vain. Other verses pertaining to this commandment:Leviticus 18:21 Joshua 2:17-20 Works cited: "Exodus." Holy Bible. King James Version ed. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979. Print.Alter, Robert. "Chapter 20: The Book of Exodus." The Five Books of Moses: A Translation with Commentary. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004. Print."
16 angela h = "Vain means useless. If we handle the name of God in a useless way (not giving Him the honor and respect due Him) then we are taking His name in vain. We will give an answer for such things. See Matthew 12:36"
17 angela h = "We need to take time for God. Prayer, meditation, reading scripture, singing praises, enjoying His presence.  This is our date with God. It shouldn't be broken. I submit that if God made as much time for us as we make for Him, we would feel neglected."
18 Evan D = "What are the people being asked to "Remember?" Only 5 chapters earlier, the people of Israel were enslaved by the Egyptians. As slaves, they had no days off. They had no control at all. Every day they labored under their masters. Now, they are given a command to rest. They are remembering that God has freed them. God provided manna for them in the wilderness. God is what they depend on, and he has set them free. By remembering the Sabbath, we remember that God has set us free. That we can trust in him. Quite practically, we are called to rest for our own sanity, our own spirituality, and for our relationships. "
19 Raymond Huerta = "Remember the sabbath day...This commandment is a calendric ritual intertwining the Ten Commandments with God's creation of the world as depicted in Genesis (Gen. 2:2). Simultaneously, the liberation from labor on this day resonates in the minds of these newly freed slaves as a blessing from the Lord. Other verses pertaining to this commandment:Exodus 31:17 Works cited:"Exodus." Holy Bible. King James Version ed. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979. Print.Alter, Robert. "Chapter 20: The Book of Exodus." The Five Books of Moses: A Translation with Commentary. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004. Print."
20 Shawn Bose = "There are 39 activities prohibited on the Sabbath in the Jewish tradition and are defined by the Talmud. These include work as well as creative arts.  Read more here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activities_prohibited_on_Shabbat"
21 mark becerra = "The abrahamic religions keep a tradition of the sabbath, though it falls on Friday night to Saturday night for some, and Saturday night to Sunday night for others.Within these religions, some people take not doing work more literally than others; they prepare meals and other things the day before so they avoid doing any type of work on the sabbath."
22 Shawn Bose = "The sabbath is honored differently in different Abrahamic traditions.  Most commonly it is sundown on Friday to Sundown on Saturday in the Jewish tradition, and Sundays in most Christian traditions."
23 angela h = "The first four commandments deal with how we treat God.This 5th commandment is how we treat our family. Honoring our father and mother goes way beyond obeying them. It is remembering who we are and what we've been taught when we are away from our parents. I am much more honored when someone tells me my children were honorable when they are away from me than when I am standing there with them. "
24 Sarah Mangum = ""
25 Raymond Huerta = "This is the fifth commandment as well as the transition from obligations towards the Lord to obligations towards fellow human beings. Beginning these commandments with the pair "thy father and thy mother," corresponds to the creation of man and woman in the first creation story (Gen. 1:26). Although one can argue not to disrespect your parents is implicit, this is the only commandment in which "no" or "not" does not specifically appear.That thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.The Hebrew 'adamah could mean "land" or "soil," this is analogous to the prevalent use of "land" or "soil" throughout the Bible. For example, in the second creation story (Gen. 2) God has no one to till the soil so He fashions humans from the ground. The Hebrew 'adam, "human," is a play on words to the Hebrew 'adamah, "soil." Other verses pertaining to this commandment:Deuteronomy 11:8-9 Proverbs 4:10 Works cited: Exodus." Holy Bible. King James Version ed. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979. Print.Alter, Robert. "Chapter 20: The Book of Exodus." The Five Books of Moses: A Translation with Commentary. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004. Print."
26 angela h = "God alone has the right to grant and take life. Jesus tells us in Matthew 5:21-26 that our anger kills. If we are holding bitterness or anger in our hearts we are killing. We could be withholding the words of life (gospel) or hindering someone else's relationship with God. We are called to build one another up, to encourage each other in Christ. See Hebrews 3:13"
27 Raymond Huerta = "Although the King James Version of this verse uses the word "kill," it must be noted that the in the original Hebrew it uses the verb ratsah which means "murder," not "kill." This is a specific ban on the criminal act of taking life. Works cited:Exodus." Holy Bible. King James Version ed. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979. Print.Alter, Robert. "Chapter 20: The Book of Exodus." The Five Books of Moses: A Translation with Commentary. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004. Print."
28 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The Hebrew word used in the 10 Commandments is לֹא תִּרְצָח "Lo Tirtzach" which means Do not murder. Murdering and killing are not the same thing. In fact, the right of self defense is clearly delineated in scriptures Exodus 22:2 - "If a thief is caught breaking in to your home at night and he is struck a fatal blow, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed". Murder is premeditated where the act of killing in self defense is not. Some Christian denominations use "Do not kill", however, that is an incorrect translation from the original Hebrew text."
29 angela h = "We are back to how we treat family here. Adultery harms God, the guilty parties, their families, and their church.God gives us priorities. God firstfamily secondothers thirdourselves last"
30 angela h = "These two verses have to do with how we treat others.  Jesus said that if we put God first then others we will not break any commandments. See Matthew 22:40."
31 angela h = "Here we are to take note of our selves. What is it we want? Are we not satisfied with what we have?Coveting is where we begin to break the other commands. We are not keeping God first. We want other things. We do whatever we can to get them. We destroy others and their relationships. We bring shame to parents. We wreck our relationship with God. We must keep our eyes on Jesus or we will fall. See Matthew 14:22-31."
32 angela h = "The people became afraid of God, seeing His power in nature. They asked Moses to be their mediator. Moses tells them they should be afraid of God, because that fear will keep them from sin."
33 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The original Hebrew text says וְכָל הָעָם רֹאִים אֶת הַקּוֹלֹת "V'kol Ha'am Roim Es Hakolot" which translated literally means "The entire nation saw the sounds". The question that most people ask is, how can you "see" sounds. The Jewish sages of thousands of years ago explained that what the nation of Israel experienced was a sensory overload which caused their sight and sound to merge into a singular experience, science today has termed this actual phenomenon "Synesthesia or Chromesthesia". According to Wikipedia, Chromesthesia or sound-to-color synesthesia is a type of synesthesia in which heard sounds automatically and involuntarily evoke an experience of color. The fact that the Hebrew scriptures detail this accurate level of experience is another proof that the revelation at Sinai was real. Only a people which had the same shared experience would be capable of accurately detailing that they "saw the sounds" coming out of the mountain. - Mechilta d’Rabbi Shimon ben Yochai"
34 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = " According to Webster’s dictionary, faith is defined as: 1. Confidence or trust in a person or thing: faith in another’s ability. 2. A belief that is not based on proof Judaism does not base its belief system on faith; it bases its belief system on knowledge. Webster’s dictionary defines knowledge as: 1. acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation; general erudition: knowledge of many things. 2. Familiarity or conversance, as with a particular subject or branch of learning: Knowledge of accounting was necessary for the job. 3. Acquaintance or familiarity gained by sight, experience, or report: knowledge of human nature. The event at Sinai did not require an act of faith because it was witnessed firsthand by the entire Jewish nation. The Israelites saw the 10 plagues, they saw the splitting of the sea, and they saw and heard God himself speak the 10 Commandments to them as the scripture says "God is come to prove to you". For 40 years the Jewish nation ate bread that fell from heaven, the Jewish people didn’t have faith in God, they had firsthand knowledge of God. They didn’t think God existed, they openly saw that he existed. They had a tangible, visible relationship with the same divine being that freed them from bondage. The faith of a Jew comes only from the written knowledge of our ancestors that he exists. It is the knowledge of God that creates our faith not the other way around."
35 angela h = "God gives instructions that no image should be made of Him (or any other god). He spoke to them from heaven and no man saw Him in body."
36 Helen P = "This means: Don't take measures to hide who you are, what you are, or what you have done, when you come to worship. NAKEDNESS in this verse is not referring to being without cloths, but to be without cover."
37 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "This is the reason why the altar in the Holy Temple had no steps but an actual ramp leading up to it. The high priest would wear a long garment with thin linen pants underneath and it was not proper for those below him to see under the robe. In order to prevent his potential "nakedness' from being uncovered, the creation of a long gradual ramp was created so that the High Priest would not need to walk up steps and inadvertently uncover himself while preparing an offering to God. This passage is literal as evidenced by the Altar having no steps, but a ramp just as the scripture requires."