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1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. 2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him. 3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. 4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double. 5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution. 6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution. 7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double. 8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods. 9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour. 10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it: 11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good. 12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof. 13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn. 14 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good. 15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire. 16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. 17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins. 18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. 19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death. 20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed. 21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. 23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; 24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless. 25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury. 26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: 27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious. 28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people. 29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me. 30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me. 31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.

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1 Sarah R = "Exodus 22V 1–15: LAWS TO LIVE BY: PROTECTION OF PROPERTY The first half of this chapter deals with the fact that a person’s property should be protected by law and that he should be compensated for any loss. V 16–31: LAWS TO LIVE BY: PROTECTION OF PURITY The main thrust of the second half of the chapter is to protect the purity of the people: sexually, spiritually, doctrinally, in dealing with the weaker members of society such as widows and orphans or the poor, in giving to God, and in eating habits. The key thought is ‘and you shall be holy men to Me’.- The Bible Panorama"
2 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The Ox and Sheep unlike some other animals are used for working and livelihood purposes; the Ox to plow the field and the sheep for wool. Since a person stealing an Ox and/or Sheep also degrades a person's livelihood by preventing the land from being worked and the sale of wool from the sheep, the Torah recognizes additional damages which occur as a result of the theft. Therefore, the thief is obligated to pay additional damages for potential business loss."
3 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The Bull is a working animal which plows the field and as such had a value much higher than it's normal price. The compensation was not only for the Ox but for the loss of work which it was unable to do because it was stolen. The Sheep is used for wool and as such is also worth more than an animal which does not provide additional benefit such as a dog or other domesticated animal."
4 Sarah R = ""The difference between these two situations is the difference between daylight and dark. If a homeowner is protecting his property at night and injures a thief, it is to be treated as a case of self-defense. But if the crime takes place during the light of day, it is not necessary to incapacitate or capture the thief; it is necessary only to recognize the thief and bear truthful witness against him in court. The right to personal property does not eclipse the right to life."- The Voice Study Bible note"
5 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The words "if the sun be risen upon him" are to be taken metaphorically and mean that if you can adequately distinguish his reason for being there is not with murderous intent then you are not allowed to kill him. The "night" refers to a situation where you can not tell his intentions. If a person breaks into your house in the "daylight" hours with intent to harm, you have an obligation under Torah law [and Moral law] to protect your family at all costs. The Torah teaches us that in this situation, there is "no blood guilt" and you are not liable for taking the intruder's life. Most states recognize "stand your ground" as a reasonable right to self defense as enumerated in the Hebrew scriptures."
6 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "God promises to hear the cry of the widow and orphan. Since they have already suffered by divine decree, we have an obligation not to increase their suffering but to alleviate it and help in their healing. God warns us numerous times in scripture to pay special attention to the needs of others, especially those who have suffered such as the widow and orphan. If we make them suffer, God promises to make our families suffer the same tragic fate. The lesson: always help others, never judge them."
7 Sarah R = "This is quoted by Paul in Acts 23:5 "Paul replied, “Brothers, I did not realize that he was the high priest; for it is written: ‘Do not speak evil about the ruler of your people.’""