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1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. 2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him. 3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. 4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. 6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. 7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient. 8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words. 9 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: 10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. 11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink. 12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them. 13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God. 14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them. 15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. 16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. 18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.

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1 Sarah R = "Interesting the "seventy" elders. Jesus in Luke 10 sends out seventy disciples to begin spreading the good news. Theologians believe that the number 7 is a number of completeness, representing the completeness of God."
2 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "There were 70 Elders in the Sanhedrin each one a representation of the 70 original nations which existed after the flood of Noah according to Judaism. The Sanhedrin was the ancient equivalent of today's United Nations and each member represented one of the Gentile nations with the High Priest as leader representing Israel. In addition, there were 70 sacrifices which were brought in the temple, one per nation."
3 Sarah R = "Their allegiance is short-lived. In Exodus 32 when times get rough they return to the ways adopted in the land of Egypt and have Aaron make them a golden calf to worship and ask favor. "
4 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The Hebrew conveys a message which is unable to be seen in the English rendition of the text (as it is with many of the English translations). As we know, Hebrew contains masculine, feminine and plural words depending on the audience. For example, "You" (masculine) in Hebrew is "Atah", "You" (feminine) is "At", and "You" plural is "Atem". The Hebrew words "Naaseh V'Nishmah" - We will do and we will listen are written in the singular format, conveying that the entire nation of Israelites were with one heart and one voice."
5 Sarah R = ""Sacrifices were necessary because God's holiness requires that sin be paid for. The Old Testament animal sacrifices were a provisional substitute payment for the one bringing the sacrifice and allowed sinful people to live in relationship with a holy God (24:4-8). Jesus' death on the cross did away with the need for all this provisional system, since by his death all our sins - past, present, and future - are paid for (Hebrews 10:1-10). Jesus' once-for-all sacrifice was adequate to pay for the sins of the entire world (John 3:16)."- The Daily Walk Bible NIV"
6 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The cloud is also a representation of God's divine protection, a heavenly tabernacle as it were. Unlike a "roof" which provides actual shelter from the elements, a cloud has no substance which can protect. This forces the believer to recognize that true protection comes only from God and not from physical or earthly objects. This is why in the end of days, all surviving nations will celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles. A tabernacle [Sukkah] is a temporary dwelling which provides no shelter from the elements. Just as with a cloud, the nation of Israel dwells inside the Sukkah which is exposed to heat, rain, snow and freezing temperatures. This forces us to recognize that our true protection only comes from above and not from earthly things.Zechariah 14:16 - Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, and to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles."