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1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, and go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it: 2 And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: 3 Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way. 4 And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his ornaments. 5 For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee. 6 And the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by the mount Horeb. 7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp. 8 And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle. 9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the Lord talked with Moses. 10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door. 11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle. 12 And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight. 13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people. 14 And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest. 15 And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence. 16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth. 17 And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name. 18 And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory. 19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy. 20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live. 21 And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock: 22 And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by: 23 And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.

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1 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "As we spoke about in the previous chapter, God told Moses to "descend" for he descended in stature on account of the sin of the people. After Moses vigorously defended Israel and sanctified God through his challenge of reminding God of His promises to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, Moses was once again lifted to a higher stature which is why the Hebrew words "go up" or "ascend" are used. A leader who defends his people even when they are wrong is a worthy choice to shepherd his flock. As a result of Moses' courageous efforts he once again reached the high stature he held previously and the usage of the word "ascend" reveals this."
2 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Throughout history the nation of Israel has been called an "Am K'shei Oref", a stiff-necked people. Generally, being stiff-necked means that you are stubborn and not open to constructive criticism which of course is a negative characteristic; however the original Hebrew text used in these verses of scripture reflect a deeper understanding of this concept.While it is true that the first mention of "stiff-necked" in verse 3 has a derogatory connotation, the Hebrew text of verse 5 actually has a positive connotation. It appears that God is telling Moses that because Israel is stiff-necked He will dwell in their midst (once they remove their ornaments). How can we rectify these two different uses of the word "stiff-necked"? The Hebrew Scriptures are teaching us a very important lesson, there is a time when we must have unshakable conviction and a time when we must be completely open to new ideas. While there were some aspects of Israel's stubbornness that infuriated God, it was Israel's same stubbornness that ultimately paved the way for God to dwell in their midst. You see, in order for God to be sure that the nation he chose would always follow His commandments and maintain the original text and meaning of God's word, he needed to find a nation that couldn't be swayed by the winds of societal change throughout history. God needed to find a nation that was intrinsically stubborn at the core; a nation that would move the world, not be moved by it. With approximately 7 billion people on earth, the Jewish people make up only .2% of the worlds population yet have been awarded nearly 22% of Nobel prizes for contributions in science, medicine, art, technology and many other categories. It was the Jews who gave the scriptures to the world and the world has never been the same since. The Jewish people have maintained every "jot and tittle" of the Hebrew Bible for over 3,300 years and the customs and rituals we perform today have not changed since the time of Moses. It is this same stubbornness that God was looking for when he chose a nation to carry his word. It is these same characteristics that when harnessed and directed in a positive way, are the very ideals that God looks for in his chosen nation. God was telling Moses that it was precisely because Israel was a stiff-necked people that He would decide to dwell in their midst. It is only by sticking to the ideals and core principles that we have been taught by Moses that the Jewish nation once again finds itself back in the land that God promised our ancestors. It is the intrinsic stubbornness of the Jew which has enabled us to persevere and thrive while being persecuted throughout history. This is the real meaning of "Am K'shei Oref"; a badge of honor in service to God."
3 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Israel recognized the severity of the sin they committed and removed their fine jewels and other precious items. Ornate clothing and jewelry is a sign of haughtiness and arrogance. When the nation of Israel removed their "arrogance", God was once again able to dwell within their midst."
4 Sarah R = ""The phrase 'face to face' is a metaphor that, along with the phrase 'as a man speaks with his friend,' suggests spiritual communion and intimacy. The image should not be taken literally, especially in view of the fact that God said no one, including Moses, could see his face and live (vv. 19-20). It describes God's straightforward and deep communication with Moses, not his physical presence (Num. 12:6-8)."- The Quest Study Bible NIV note"
5 Sarah R = "Listen to this conversation between God and Moses in the Message Version:12-13 Moses said to God, “Look, you tell me, ‘Lead this people,’ but you don’t let me know whom you’re going to send with me. You tell me, ‘I know you well and you are special to me.’ If I am so special to you, let me in on your plans. That way, I will continue being special to you. Don’t forget, this is yourpeople, your responsibility.”14 God said, “My presence will go with you. I’ll see the journey to the end.”15-16 Moses said, “If your presence doesn’t take the lead here, call this trip off right now. How else will it be known that you’re with me in this, with me and your people? Are you traveling with us or not? How else will we know that we’re special, I and your people, among all other people on this planet Earth?”17 God said to Moses: “All right. Just as you say; this also I will do, for I know you well and you are special to me. I know you by name.”"
6 Sarah R = "Scripture Link: Romans 9:14-1614 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all! 15 For he says to Moses,“I will have mercy on whom I have mercy,    and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy. "