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1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. 8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. 9 But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? 10 Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. 11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain. 12 Brethren, I beseech you, be as I am; for I am as ye are: ye have not injured me at all. 13 Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first. 14 And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus. 15 Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? for I bear you record, that, if it had been possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me. 16 Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth? 17 They zealously affect you, but not well; yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them. 18 But it is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing, and not only when I am present with you. 19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you, 20 I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you. 21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? 22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise. 24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. 25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. 26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. 27 For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband. 28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. 29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. 30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. 31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

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1 Deena E = "No good parent will give their child an inheritance prior to a time that they feel the child is ready to receive it. This is the same thing with God's promise to Abraham and his heirs.Just as any parent or guardian gives a child rules, for example: "Don't touch the stove or you'll get burned," so the Israelites needed the Law. Being under the law prevents the child from receiving the promise.But when a child grows, they already know not to touch the stove and know what will happen if they do, so it is with faith. Because we have Jesus and place our faith in His faithfulness there is no longer a need for the law. The law is now written on the tablet of our hearts (Jeremiah 31:33). Faith is for the mature, enabling them to receive the promised inheritance of grace (God's undeserved favor)."
2 Sarah R = ""The next phrase, born of a woman, points to the incarnation and full humanity of Jesus. The Son of God was sent to be one with us in our humanity. He was God's Son and he was Mary's son—the one and only God-man. He was also born under law. The phrase under law cannot mean legalism, keeping the law to earn salvation. Jesus certainly did not live his life under the misconception that he had to keep the law to earn his salvation. To be born under law means to be born a Jew under obligation to keep the requirements of the Mosaic law. From his circumcision eight days after his birth to his celebration of Passover with his disciples just before his death, every detail of Jesus' life was under the direction of the law. His perfect obedience to God the Father, as God's Son born of a woman, fulfilled all the requirements of the law. God's Son took our place as a human being to offer a perfect obedience to God on our behalf."- The IVP New Testament Commentary Series, Galatians 4:4,5"
3 Cary W = "This free gift of adoption as sons of God and receiving the very same Spirit as Christ is beyond understanding.  To really grasp this great mystery of sonship requires God Himself to open our understanding; even so our hearts do cry, Abba, Father!"
4 Sarah R = ""To know at the deepest level of our being that God is our Father and we are his sons and daughters is not the result of theological research or moral achievement, but the result of God's sending the Spirit of his Son to speak to us and to convince us that despite all our guilt, fears and doubts, the Father of Jesus is our Father too. To know God as our Father in this way is not merely intellectual apprehension of a doctrine, not merely warm feelings about God, but a life-transforming conscious awareness of the reality of our intimate relationship with God our Father."- The IVP New Testament Commentary Series, Galatians 4:6"
5 Sarah R = "Parallel Verse:Romans 8:17 "Now if we are children, then we are heirs—heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory.""
6 Sarah R = "Paul states since they have been taught and have known the grace that is offered through Jesus Christ, how can they return to following the law and requiring others to following the law with the hope that the law will save them? Only their faith in Jesus will bring righteousness and right standing with God."
7 Deena E = "The law is not the problem, it's the requisition of the law that creates bondage. "
8 Sarah R = "Paul apparently preached to them because he had fallen ill and was unable to continue on in his missionary journey. What may have seemed a hard circumstance God used so that the Galatians would hear about Jesus and find faith in Him. This minds me of Romans 8:28, "And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.""
9 Sarah R = "Even though it may have been difficult for the Galatians to care for Paul in his illness, Paul says they treated him "like an angel of God," helping in all they could. We do not know what illness Paul had, though some scholars suggest from other passages that he may have had an eye disorder."
10 Sarah R = "This passage in the Message Version:"It is a good thing to be ardent in doing good, but not just when I am in your presence. Can’t you continue the same concern for both my person and my message when I am away from you that you had when I was with you? Do you know how I feel right now, and will feel until Christ’s life becomes visible in your lives? Like a mother in the pain of childbirth. Oh, I keep wishing that I was with you. Then I wouldn’t be reduced to this blunt, letter-writing language out of sheer frustration.""
11 Sarah R = "The story of Abraham and Hagar the bondmaid is found in Genesis 16."
12 Sarah R = "Although Abraham and Sarah had been promised an heir, they grew impatient. Sarah told Abraham to sleep with her maidservant, Hagar, in order that she might have children through her. In that time and culture, this was an acceptable practice, though not acceptable in front of God. Hagar had a son, Ishmael. They were later freed and sent off. Ishmael never received a blessing or inheritance from his father. That was given to the promised son of Sarah and Abraham: Isaac. Through Isaac comes the line of Israelites and the birth line of Jesus."
13 Sarah R = ""Testament" means "covenant." The Old Testament tells of the old covenant of God with Abraham and then the law given to Moses. The New Testament tells of the new covenant - the grace given to us through Jesus Christ for all who believe."
14 Sarah R = "A quote from Isaiah 54:1."
15 Deena E = "This references the incident from Genesis 21:8-10, when Ishmael (Abram's son of Hagar his bondmaid) made fun of Isaac (Abraham's son of Sarah his wife):"And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking. Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.""
16 Sarah R = "A quote from Genesis 21:10."
17 Sarah R = "In other words, we are not under the law any longer, but under the promise, or grace, received by God through Jesus Christ."