text size

Top comments

{{ annotation.praises_count }} Likes
{{ annotation.creator_alias }}
{{ annotation.creator_score }}

There are no comments yet. Be the first to start comment or request an explanation.

1 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. 2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. 3 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him. 4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. 5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you. 6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together. 7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering? 8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together. 9 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. 10 And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. 11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I. 12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me. 13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. 14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen. 15 And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, 16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son: 17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; 18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice. 19 So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba. 20 And it came to pass after these things, that it was told Abraham, saying, Behold, Milcah, she hath also born children unto thy brother Nahor; 21 Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram, 22 And Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel. 23 And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these eight Milcah did bear to Nahor, Abraham's brother. 24 And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, she bare also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and Maachah.

read all comments

1 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Think about how many times we are silent to God's calling. When the Lord called Abraham, he didn't wait for God to "search" for him, Abraham responded right away "Here I am". He was letting God know that he was ready for whatever came his way. This is the response of the righteous, "here I am" ready to do your bidding. Moses too responded with "Here I am" when God called him to redeem his people Israel."
2 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Even though Abraham had another son [Ishmael], it was through Isaac that the covenant between God and Abraham would be continued. In this respect, Isaac was his "only son whom he loved" because this was Abraham's way of maintaining his commitment and dedication to the covenant he made with God. Since Isaac was to be the perpetual heir of this blessing, Abraham loved him as if he was his only son."
3 Sarah R = "The land of Moriah is a significant place. It is here where Abraham met Melchizedek, the priest of the God Most High (and later Jesus would be called a priest by the order of Melchizedek [Heb. 7:3-7]). It is here where Abraham would bring his son as a sacrifice (foreshadowing the sacrifice of the Son of God, Jesus). It is here that David bought property to build a temple unto the LORD (1 Chronicles 21:25). It is here that Solomon built the temple (1 Chronicles 22). It was here that Jesus walked and ministered and had compassion on His people. Many archaeologists also now think that Jesus was crucified in this very land, just outside the gates of the city, as He walked up a hill just like Isaac with wood (a cross) on His back, ready to be the sacrifice."
4 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Even though Abraham was to sacrifice his son, he awoke early in the morning to run and do the will of God. Instead of delaying what was supposed to be a traumatic event, Abraham didn't waste any time and even saddled his own Donkey instead of waiting for his servants to awake and do it themselves. When Balaam the gentile prophet was commissioned to curse the nation of Israel, he also arose early in the morning to saddle his own donkey instead of waiting. This contrasts the will of the righteous with the will of the wicked; each one runs to fulfill their desires. The righteous awake early to serve God and the wicked awake early to curse Him."
5 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Even though Abraham had no intention of returning with Isaac, he spoke prophetically to the young men when he said "he and the lad [Isaac] would return". Subconsciously, Abraham felt everything would ultimately work out for the best. In addition, God always listens to the words of the righteous so when Abraham said he would return with Isaac, God made sure it happened."
6 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = " After God instructs Abraham to sacrifice his son, they begin their journey. After walking for three days, the Torah states simply and dramatically: “And Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering, and laid it on Isaac’s back, and he took the fire and the knife; V’yelchu shneihem yachdav — and the two of them walked off together. These three words are remarkable, V’yelchu shneihem yachdav—and the two of them walked off together. The Torah repeats these words in verse 6 & 8 to tell us that Isaac knew he was to be offered as a sacrifice yet he too was dedicated to serving God. It didn't matter that Abraham was old and Isaac was a teenager, he still allowed his father to bind him for a sacrifice and the two of them walked in harmony; together. This is the meaning of the repetition they walked together; both physically and spiritually in service to the God they both loved."
7 Cary W = "Abraham was given such a gift of faith in trusting God, that if God could produce him an offspring against all odds, and this same Father, who has repeatedly show His own fatherly love from the beginning, asks of Abraham to offer up His son a living sacrifice, he is convinced God knows what He is doing."
8 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Whenever the Hebrew scriptures repeat a name twice, it reflects that God called that person with love and affection as if to say, "dear, dear" please... Just as God called Moses by the burning bush [Exodus 3:4] "Moses, Moses" and he replied, here I am."
9 Cary W = "Jesus tells us not to let anyone be more important to us than Himself, not even spouses, mothers or siblings.  We may be tempted at times in our true devotion, but if we surrender all our loved ones into His kind hands, we know He wills them no harm or displeasure, but we must seek His will above all else."
10 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "This was the lamb that God promised to Abraham in verse 8."
11 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Question:I want to first commend you on your web site which is laid out quite well and has helped me understand more about traditional Jewish thinking on Christ. Although I am a born again Christian, I do not support groups such as the Messianics who sit on the fence regarding Judaism and Christianity. You either follow Judaism or Christianity; you can’t pretend to follow both at the same time. This has led to Jews for Jesus following rabbinic customs that are not a part of the teachings of Christ.With that said, my question to you is: Why have the Jewish people rejected Jesus as their sacrificial lamb who is the sin bearer for mankind when the atoning blood of Jesus is so everpresent in the Paschal lamb in the Book of Exodus. I ask this question because you are a rabbi and profess to believe in the teachings of the Old Testament; so how is it that you do not see the atonement of the blood of the lamb which was placed on the doorposts that first Passover Seder night in Egypt? I look forward to your answer. Answer:Evangelical Christians often draw a comparison between the Paschal Lamb and Jesus, insisting that the former foreshadows the latter. This idea is advanced in the New Testament, particularly in the fourth Gospel, where John portrayed Jesus as the fulfillment of the Passover lamb. Yet how valid a point is this? What is the meaning of this holiday sacrifice? Is there a relationship between this festival offering and atonement for sin?The Bible relates in Exodus 12:3-13 that as the Jewish people were preparing themselves for the momentous Exodus from Egypt, God commanded them to slaughter a year-old sheep or goat on the 14th day of the first month (Nissan). They were to place its blood on the outside doorposts of their homes. Because Christians insist that the blood of the Paschal lamb foreshadowed the atonement of the blood of Jesus at Calvary, it behooves us to question the soundness of this claim.The Passover lamb did not atone for sin and accordingly, this idea is nowhere to be found in the Jewish Scriptures. It goes without saying that the notion that the Paschal Lamb is a representation of a crucified savior or an atonement is alien to the teachings of the Torah and is not even mentioned by the first three Gospels.A mindful study of the Jewish Scriptures reveals that the Paschal Lamb was alluded to long before the Exodus from Egypt. Centuries earlier, Abraham’s faith was tested by God when he commanded him to sacrifice his beloved son Isaac. Genesis 22:7-8 relates that as the two ascended Mount Moriah together, Isaac asked his father,“Here is the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the offering?” Abraham then replied, “God will see to a lamb for an offering, my son.”(Genesis 22:7-8)The question that comes to mind is, what happened to that lamb that Abraham promised? A few verses later we find that ram was sacrificed rather than a lamb! Where was the lamb to which Abraham was prophetically referring?The answer of course is that our father Abraham was prophetically alluding to the Paschal lamb. Just as God tested Abraham’s faith to demonstrate his worthiness to be the father of the chosen people, the young Jewish nation also had to have their faith tested to show their worthiness to participate in the exodus from Egypt, receive the Torah at Mount Sinai, and emerge as the progenitors of the covenant people who would forever be known as “a light to the nations.”During the period of the Exodus in Ancient Egypt, the lamb was deified and worshiped as a god. By Egyptian law, it was therefore forbidden to harm a lamb in any way; such an act was considered a crime punishable by death.For this reason, Moses refused Pharaoh’s initial offer that the Jews bring their sacrifice to God while remaining in Egypt, following the third plague of lice. Moses explained to Pharaoh that it would be impossible for his people to sacrifice these animals in this land because the Egyptians would execute us for carrying out this ceremony (Exodus 8:25-26).The Almighty, therefore, tested the faithfulness of the Jewish people by commanding them to kill Egypt’s cherished god, and place the lamb’s blood on their doorposts, displayed for all of their neighbors to see. Only those Israelites who, like Abraham, demonstrated that they feared nothing but the God of Israel were deemed worthy to have their homes “passed over” during the tenth and final plague.It is worth noting that the synoptic gospels, i.e. the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, do not associate Jesus with the Paschal Lamb. The Book of John, on the other hand, draws a clear link between the two (John 1:29-34). The synoptic Gospels insist that Jesus was crucified on the first day of Passover – the 15th day of Nissan. Written several decades after the synoptic Gospels, th John’s author accordingly has Jesus crucified on the eve of Passover, the 14th day of Nissan, when the lambs were slaughtered. As a result, the Passover Seder is noticeably absent in John’s Passion Narrative.Sincerely yours,Rabbi Tovia Singer "
12 Sarah R = "I must say, I am astounded by the statement in this letter of a "Christian" who "does not support groups such as Messianics who sit on the fence regarding Judaism or Christianity; you can't pretend to follow both at the same time." This is not a Christian viewpoint. It actually reminds me a lot of something that Moshe Rosen, founder of Jews for Jesus, said that his fellow Jewish community thinks of him and the others who have embraced Jesus as the Messiah. This is a Jewish viewpoint. I would conclude that either the writer knows a Jewish person who has influenced them to think this way, or, more likely, in the tradition of many other people who do advice columns and Q&As and such, the letter was generated for the purpose of providing this answer.Groups likes the Messianic Jews, the Nazarene Jews, and Jews for Jesus, are Christians in that they follow Jesus Christ, but they often prefer to be called "completed Jews." They keep the beautiful and rich culture, language, traditions and rituals of their Jewish heritage, but embrace Jesus as the Messiah prophesied in the Hebrew Christians. As a Christian I see no contradiction in this. Jesus was Jewish Himself after all, and His mission focused on the Jewish people, even though He predicted that many would not accept Him."
13 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The meaning of the blessing "stars & sand" is that when the Children of Israel follow the word of God, we will be untouchable by our enemies just as the stars in the Heavens; however when Israel strays from the path of God, we will be like the sand to our enemies which is trampled on by their feet."
14 Sarah R = "Scripture Link: Galatians 3:8 "Scripture foresaw that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, and announced the gospel in advance to Abraham: “All nations will be blessed through you.”"