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1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; 2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. 3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. 4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: 5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. 6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. 8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: 9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. 10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: 11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. 12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. 13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

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1 Sarah R = "The author is speaking of Jesus, who after His resurrection rose to sit at the right hand of God (see Mark 16:19 and Romans 8:34)."
2 Sarah R = "Tabernacle means "tent". The Old Testament tabernacles were tent-like structures where the people would come to worship God and bring sacrifices in the times before the temple was built. The writer is saying that Jesus is the high priest of a tabernacle not built by man but by God, at the throne in Heaven."
3 Sarah R = "Jesus did offer up gifts and sacrifices for the forgiveness of sins as did the priests, but rather offered Himself as a sacrifice, the perfect, final sacrifice to cover all sin."
4 Cary W = "Paul has also been given vision of that which was shown Moses on the mount, the pattern of the Heavenly tabernacle and throne and alter.  This is also within you and me, for Jesus has repeatedly promised not only He and Father and the Holy Spirit would indwell and fill our temple, but that God also has placed His Kingdom in us, so we be His tabernacle."
5 Sarah R = "From Exodus 25:40, God's words to Moses."
6 Sarah R = ""The author of Hebrews prefaces his explanation of Jeremiah 31 by reminding his readers that “if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second” (8:7). What he is saying here is that the very fact that the Old Testament promises a “new” covenant means that the Old Testament itself foresaw the temporary nature of the “old” covenant. There would never be any need for a “new” covenant if God had always intended the old covenant to be permanent. The author of Hebrews makes this point even more clearly in 8:13 when he says of Jeremiah: “In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete.” When Jeremiah promises a “new” covenant, he automatically implies that the first covenant administration is “old” and temporary. In other words, it was always part of God’s plan from the beginning to inaugurate both covenants. God did not make a mistake or have to resort to “plan b.” Each covenant was suited to a particular time in redemptive history."- Mathison, Keith. "The New Covenant". Ligonier Ministries. See full article at: http://www.ligonier.org/learn/articles/new-covenant/"
7 Sarah R = "This is from Jeremiah 31:31-34."
8 Sarah R = ""Jeremiah is known as the prophet of the new covenant. Hundreds of years before the birth of Jesus, Jeremiah heard the voice of God and saw what God had planned: a new day. A new law inscribed in the mind and written on the heart. A new and abiding knowledge of God. A new covenant where mercy runs deep and sins are forgiven and forgotten."This hope of a new heart is found even in the midst of the Mosaic Covenant. Moses foretells the unfaithfulness of the people and also tells them of God’s promise to restore their hearts (Deuteronomy 30:1–10)."- The Voice Bible Note for Hebrews 8"
9 Sarah R = "The NIV translates this verse as: "By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear." In other words, Jesus fulfilled the old covenant with God's people and provided means for a new covenant - faith through Him."