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1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them? 2 And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand. 3 And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him. 4 And Judah went up; and the LORD delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand: and they slew of them in Bezek ten thousand men. 5 And they found Adonibezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6 But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes. 7 And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. 8 Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire. 9 And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites, that dwelt in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley. 10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai. 11 And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher: 12 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife. 13 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife. 14 And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt thou? 15 And she said unto him, Give me a blessing: for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the nether springs. 16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people. 17 And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah. 18 Also Judah took Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof. 19 And the LORD was with Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron. 20 And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses said: and he expelled thence the three sons of Anak. 21 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day. 22 And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Bethel: and the LORD was with them. 23 And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. (Now the name of the city before was Luz.) 24 And the spies saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we will shew thee mercy. 25 And when he shewed them the entrance into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let go the man and all his family. 26 And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof unto this day. 27 Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. 28 And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out. 29 Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them. 30 Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries. 31 Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob: 32 But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them out. 33 Neither did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of Bethshemesh and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them. 34 And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountain: for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley: 35 But the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim: yet the hand of the house of Joseph prevailed, so that they became tributaries. 36 And the coast of the Amorites was from the going up to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward.

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1 Raymond Huerta = "These words are pointed repetition of the formula that begins the Book of Joshua, "And it happened after the death of Moses." Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
2 Raymond Huerta = "The inquiry of an oracle in all likelihood, the urim and thummim, which could be used to yield a yes-no answer. After Joshua's death there was no longer a central leader with access to God, requiring an oracle. Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urim_and_Thummim"
3 Raymond Huerta = "The prominence of Judah reflects a later period when Judah was the seat of the David's monarchy and the chief remaining tribe. Judah is where "Jew" stems from. Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
4 Raymond Huerta = "The indication of fraternity and military cooperation derives from a moment in later history when Simeon was closely allied with Judah.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
5 Raymond Huerta = "This number is formulaic, meant to indicate a large group Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
6 Raymond Huerta = "Means "master of Bezek," appears to be a hereditary title rather than a proper noun. Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
7 Raymond Huerta = "Mutilation is a common practice meant to humiliate and permanently prevent the captured leader from becoming combatant again. Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
8 Raymond Huerta = "This notation and the one in the next verse about the destruction of Jerusalem by Judah are somewhat confusing. It is contradicted here by verse 21, which says that Judah was unable to drive out the Jebusites but continued to co-exist with them. Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
9 Raymond Huerta = "This story is repeated in near identical language in Joshua 15:13-19. The offer of the hand of the daughter to the victorious hero is a folkloric motif and recurs in the episode of David and Goliath.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
10 Raymond Huerta = "The first judge"
11 Raymond Huerta = "Often translated as "desert-land" meaning the terrain supports little or no vegetation. The region in the southern part of the Land of Israel has that sort of terrain.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
12 Raymond Huerta = "On the basis of other biblical occurrences, this is Jericho.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
13 Raymond Huerta = "The name is a pun on the Hebrew word herem, meaning "ban."Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
14 Raymond Huerta = "There is a tradition reflected in Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, and Judges that some of the indigenous inhabitants of the land were giants.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
15 Raymond Huerta = "Central location in the northern kingdom of Israel after the split of the monarchy.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
16 Raymond Huerta = "Archeological evidence shows that some Canaanite towns had tunnels that provided secret access to them. That sounds plausible here because the lookouts are surely not asking directions to the main gate of the town.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
17 Raymond Huerta = "Whether the subjugation of the Canaanite population to the Israelites was a historical fact or merely a tail, the chapter from this point on spells out a theme of incompletion that had fluctuated throughout the Book of Joshua. In the first half of Joshua, the conquest of the land appears to be comprehensive; in the second half, there are some indication that much remains to be conquered.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."
18 Raymond Huerta = "These are coastal towns up north, near present-day Haifa.Alter, Robert. "Judges." Ancient Istael. New York: W.W. Norton. Print."