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1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually. 3 Without the vail of the testimony, in the tabernacle of the congregation, shall Aaron order it from the evening unto the morning before the LORD continually: it shall be a statute for ever in your generations. 4 He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the LORD continually. 5 And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake. 6 And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the LORD. 7 And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD. 8 Every sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant. 9 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and they shall eat it in the holy place: for it is most holy unto him of the offerings of the LORD made by fire by a perpetual statute. 10 And the son of an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel: and this son of the Israelitish woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp; 11 And the Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the name of the Lord, and cursed. And they brought him unto Moses: (and his mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan:) 12 And they put him in ward, that the mind of the LORD might be shewed them. 13 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 14 Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him. 15 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin. 16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the Lord, shall be put to death. 17 And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death. 18 And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; beast for beast. 19 And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him; 20 Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth: as he hath caused a blemish in a man, so shall it be done to him again. 21 And he that killeth a beast, he shall restore it: and he that killeth a man, he shall be put to death. 22 Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God. 23 And Moses spake to the children of Israel, that they should bring forth him that had cursed out of the camp, and stone him with stones. And the children of Israel did as the LORD commanded Moses.

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1 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The Hebrew words צַו אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיִקְחוּ אֵלֶיךָ שֶׁמֶן זַיִת זָךְ כָּתִית לַמָּאוֹר לְהַעֲלֹת נֵר תָּמִיד  convey a deeper meaning than just the command in verse 2 which Moses gave to Israel. Moses was also giving the nation a message of hope that through the suffering of Israel that their light will ultimately shine greater. The 40 year journey in the desert was not so much a punishment as it was a refinement, like a parent teaching a child a valuable lesson. The travails of Israel were not done by God out of hate but out of love.Through the crushing labor in Egypt and wandering in the desert which Israel endured, this suffering would release the devotion and loyalty to God and Moses which would enable the lamps [represented by Israel] to burn eternally. This is God's promise to Israel and why still after 3,400 years the nation of Israel is just as relevant on the world stage today as they were thousands of years ago."
2 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The Oral Torah which was given with the written word teaches us that this was not to be taken literally and throughout Jewish history there has never been a situation where a man who took another's eye had his eye taken out. Obviously since we are all created in the image of God and we are not allowed to harm another, we can understand the verse as meaning we pay the monetary amount for what the eye, arm, foot, etc. is worth and the man who caused the accident must pay the value of the limb. Taking out the eye of another on purpose runs contradictory to the word of God and is a barbaric and brutal act with no place in a nation of priests."