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1 The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him. 2 What, my son? and what, the son of my womb? and what, the son of my vows? 3 Give not thy strength unto women, nor thy ways to that which destroyeth kings. 4 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink: 5 Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted. 6 Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts. 7 Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more. 8 Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. 9 Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy. 10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. 11 The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil. 12 She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life. 13 She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands. 14 She is like the merchants' ships; she bringeth her food from afar. 15 She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens. 16 She considereth a field, and buyeth it: with the fruit of her hands she planteth a vineyard. 17 She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms. 18 She perceiveth that her merchandise is good: her candle goeth not out by night. 19 She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff. 20 She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy. 21 She is not afraid of the snow for her household: for all her household are clothed with scarlet. 22 She maketh herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing is silk and purple. 23 Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land. 24 She maketh fine linen, and selleth it; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant. 25 Strength and honour are her clothing; and she shall rejoice in time to come. 26 She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue is the law of kindness. 27 She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness. 28 Her children arise up, and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth her. 29 Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all. 30 Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain: but a woman that feareth the LORD, she shall be praised. 31 Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.

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1 Raymond Huerta = "There's nothing known about the name "Lemuel," not even whether he is a historical figure or a literary invention. Some Jewish interpreters identify Lemuel as King Solomon due to the similarities between the two stories, however, this is supported by little evidence and relies mainly on assumptions.Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemuel_(biblical_king)"
2 Raymond Huerta = "The advice of solely a mother to her son has no precedent elsewhere in the book. The mother as opposed to the father giving advise is uncommon throughout Proverbs and the Bible as a whole. Usually within Proverbs father and mother both give instruction and share their wisdom to their children. For examples see:Proverbs 1:8 Proverbs 20:20 Proverbs 23:22 Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
3 Raymond Huerta = "This phrase suggests that she may have taken vows in a prayer for pregnancy, similar to Hannah in 1 Samuel 1:11Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
4 Raymond Huerta = "Here "strength" is often translated as "vigor" which in the original Hebrew is hayil. The Hebrew can have a sexual connotation to it, as well as suggest "wealth." Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
5 Raymond Huerta = "Lemuel: This is the second and last time the name "Lemuel" is explicitly mentioned in the Bible. it is not for kings to drink wine:  Here Lemuel's mother is emphasizing the sobriety of a king. This could relate to the previous verse in regard to not giving "thy strength unto women," as well as, advocating lucid judgement in kingly duties such as policy and administering justice. strong drink: Many interpreters attribute this phrase to beer, however, it is likely that is referring to grappa. Judges 13:14 makes it clear that it is an alcoholic beverage other than wine that originates from grapes. Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grappa"
6 Raymond Huerta = "According to Lemuel's mother it is okay for a poor man to drink as it is a means to forget his misery. This distinction further widens the gap between the king and his people. The king is supposed to be above his people in every way. Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
7 Raymond Huerta = "It is the kings obligation to speak out on behalf of those lacking the means, power, or capacity to speak for themselves. Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
8 Raymond Huerta = ""Maidens" would be female servants or slaves of the household. Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
9 Raymond Huerta = "The ideal wife is not only active domestically, acquiring wool and flax, weaving and sewing, but also acquiring new land for the king to conduct business on. with the fruit of her hands: This phrase means that she uses her earning to buy the property, not the kings. Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
10 Stephanie C = "She has great fruit and harvests great words and actions in her life"
11 Raymond Huerta = ""She layeth her hands..." and "her hands..." in verse 19 directly corresponds to "She stretcheth out her hand..." and "her hands to the needy." in verse 20. This literary technique is called a chiastic structure. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiastic_structure"
12 Stephanie C = "She is a good women helping the needy and helping the poor.She is strong and her children recognize this as well"
13 Raymond Huerta = "While the wife is providing for the needs of their house, the husband participates in the deliberations of justice. The city gates in the Bible is a common place for mediating and conducting justice. See these verses for examples:Deuteronomy 16:18 Deuteronomy 21:19 Deuteronomy 22:15 Joshua 20:4 Ruth 4:1 2 Samuel 15:2 Proverbs 22:22 Zechariah 8:16 Works cited: Alter, Robert. "Proverbs 31." The Wisdom Books : Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print."
14 Shawn Bose = "The concept of honoring one's parents is stated in the very commandments of the Old Testament, and is repeated throughout scripture.  Example here is from the Catechism of Martin Luther.https://www.deily.org/sacredtext/the-large-catechism-of-martin-luther "