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1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; 4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: 5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name: 6 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ: 7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers; 10 Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you. 11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; 12 That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me. 13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles. 14 I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise. 15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also. 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. 20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: 21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, 23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. 24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: 25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. 26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: 27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet. 28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; 29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: 32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

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1 Sarah R = "“This Epistle is really the chief part of the New Testament and the very purest Gospel, and is worthy not only that every Christian should know it word for word, by heart, but occupy himself with it every day, as the daily bread of the soul. It can never be read or pondered too much, and the more it is dealt with the more precious it becomes, and the better it tastes.”Martin Luther, “Preface to the Epistle to the Romans” (1522), in Works of Martin Luther (1932), Vol. VI, p. 447."
2 Sarah R = "The prophets of the Old Testament prophesied about the coming of the Messiah or Christ."
3 Sarah R = "The Scriptures which Paul was familiar with are what today we refer to as the Old Testament of the Bible or the Jewish Talmud."
4 Sarah R = "Jesus came from the bloodline of David: Matthew 1:1 ¨This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham...¨As was prophesied in the Old Testament:Jeremiah 23:5 ¨The days are coming,” declares the Lord, when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.¨"
5 Sarah R = "Paul states that Jesus´ resurrection from the dead is the greatest evidence that showed He is the Son of God and the Messiah the Jews were waiting for."
6 Sarah R = "The book of Romans was written to the church in Rome. It is unknown how the church in Rome was founded, though some believe the apostle Peter began the church. It was apparently made up of both Jewish and Gentile Christians. Paul states that he has not yet been able to visit them. Unlike many of Paul´s other letters, this one is not providing correction of doctrinal errors but rather provides a detailed overview of the theology of the Christian faith."
7 Sarah R = "The church in Rome was strong enough that others knew about their faith."
8 Cary W = "This is the true goal of any Spirit filled believer...to be mutually encouraged, share spiritual gifts, that we may, together, be established and comforted by our mutual faith in the reality of Christ and His Kingdom within us."
9 Sarah R = "Translated in the NIV  as ¨non-Greeks¨."
10 Sarah R = "Verses 1:16-17 expresses the theme of this epistle: to set forth the gospel of Jesus Christ and the faith to which Paul confesses."
11 Sarah R = "Literally means ¨good news¨ and is used to refer to the news about Jesus Christ who came to save sinners."
12 Sarah R = "Jesus was Jewish by birth and fulfilled the prophecies given to the Jewish nation in regards to the coming of a Savior. "
13 Sarah R = "The nation of Israel or the Jewish people were considered the chosen people of God. There are hints, however, in the Old Testament pointing to the salvation of the Gentiles, or non-Jews (here, Greek). Some of the Jews in the time of Jesus and the early church rejected Jesus because they believed the Savior would come only for them. The early church leaders however had several revelations from God making it clear that salvation had come for all (consider Acts 10 & 22)."
14 Sarah R = "Habakkuk 2:4 ¨See, the enemy is puffed up; his desires are not upright—but the righteous person will live by his faithfulness¨"
15 Sarah R = "“God is the only being who is good, and the standards are set by Him. Because God hates sin, He has to punish those guilty of sin. Maybe that's not an appealing standard. But to put it bluntly, when you get your own universe, you can make your own standards.” - Chan, Francis. Crazy Love."
16 Sarah R = "¨If there be a man before me who says that the wrath of God is too heavy a punishment for his little sin, I ask him, if the sin be little, why does he not give it up?¨- Charles Spurgeon"
17 Deena E = "Paul is saying here that everything about creation reveals a Creator. Just as a Panamera points back to Porsche or a Big Mac is associated with McDonald's, so are we, animals, the earth and everything else in the universe reflections of the One who made it all. Science in all its disciplines reveal the complexity of nature and the reasonableness of a Designer."
18 Cary W = "Every time I really study the stars or learn of the complex systems comprising our bodies, minds and all of nature, I so wonder how any human alive could ever not believe there is a kind, divine and wondrous Supreme Mind behind it all."
19 Sarah R = "Often times people will ask, what about those who have never heard about Jesus? Paul states here that there is evidence of God is in creation, so that none are without excuse from seeking Him."
20 Sarah R = "Verses 1:21-32 emphasize our sinfulness before a righteous God."