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1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, 2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. 3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: 4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; 5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. 6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: 7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. 8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 9 For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son. 10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; 11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. 14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. 16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. 17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. 18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. 19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? 20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? 21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? 22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: 23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, 24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? 25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. 26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. 27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: 28 For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. 29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha. 30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. 31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. 32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; 33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

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1 Sarah R = "Paul is Jewish, and here he expresses sorrow for his fellow Jews who do not believe in Jesus as the Messiah or Savior and thus remain ´accursed´or separated from God. He says that he wishes he could take their place so that they may be saved. This is of course what Christ did for us, but only those who believe will be saved."
2 Deena E = "Great point Sarah. Being raised in the strictest sect of the Pharisees, Paul understood how serious and zealous the non-believing Jews were about their denial of Jesus as the Messiah. It must have been deeply grieving to remember exactly how he once felt about Jesus and see how the many Israelites held to that view from which he was freed (by Jesus)."
3 Sarah R = "This refers to the Jews, the ´children of Israel´, the twelve tribes within the  ancient Jewish  community. The tribes were named after the sons of Israel, also known as Jacob. See Genesis 49."
4 Sarah R = "Jesus came ´first to the Jews, then to the Gentiles´ (Romans 1:16). He is the fulfillment of  Jewish prophecy and of God´s relationship to the Jewish people. They were the chosen people, blessed by God."
5 Sarah R = "Being Jewish by birth does not make a person Jewish by faith. Those of Israel, the children of God, are those who have believed in God and put their faith in Him for salvation. The same is true today. Being part of a Christian  family, even attending church and being part of a Christian community, does not make someone a Christian. What makes someone a Christian is having faith in Jesus Christ for salvation and living out that faith."
6 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Genesis 21:12. "
7 Sarah R = "See Genesis 18 for this story."
8 Sarah R = "¨For Paul, the astonishing truth of the gospel has to do with what God is now doing with the non-Jews. Apparently God’s plan all along is to make those who are not His people into His people. All those who never experienced God’s love are now experiencing it as they enter into the life of the Spirit through faith. But what does this mean for Israel? Israel, too, is included in the people of God; but again, this does not mean all of Israel. Pedigree is not what counts; faith is. As it was in the days of the prophets, so it is again. Divine judgment is falling on disobedience, but a remnant of faithful Jews—a fraction of the whole—is being saved.¨- The Voice Study Bible note for Romans 9"
9 Sara Di Diego = "Thus God has a higher plan that is set out before anyone has done a deed of good or evil.  Esau and Jacob both had their futures carved out by God, before they had done an evil.  It was decided that Jacob's descendants would be blessed more than Esau's before Jacob tricked both his father and brother in order to obtain Esau's rightful birthright (this story can be found in Genesis 25).Work Cited:http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/wesleys-explanatory-notes/romans/romans-9.html"
10 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Genesis 25:23."
11 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Malachi 1:2, 3."
12 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Exodus 33:19."
13 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Exodus 9:16."
14 Sarah R = "This is a partial quote of Isaiah 29:16."
15 Sara Di Diego = "This idea of God being the potter in control of his clay originated in Jeremiah 18:6."
16 Sarah R = "¨God in sovereign freedom treats some sinners as they deserve... but He selects others to be ´objects of His mercy,´receiving the ´riches of His glory´(Rom. 9:23). This discrimination involves no justice, for the All-Holy Creator owes mercy to none and has a right to do as He pleases with His rebellious creatures (Rom. 9:14-21). The wonder is not that He withholds mercy from some, but that He should be gracious to any.¨- J.I. Packer, ¨Election,¨New Bible Dictionary."
17 Sarah R = "This quote is found in Hosea 2:23."
18 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Hosea 1:10."
19 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Isaiah 10:22, 23."
20 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Isaiah 1:9."
21 Sarah R = "Before becoming followers of Christ Jesus, the Gentiles, or non-Jews, did not follow the law which God had given the Jews.  Therefore they were not ´following after righteousness´."
22 Sarah R = "Now believers in Christ Jesus, the Gentiles, or non-Jews, have also received righteousness which comes through faith."
23 Sarah R = "¨Righteousness is the state of moral perfection required by God to enter heaven... People receive righteousness through faith in Jesus Christ as Savior. Christ, the sinless Son of God, took humanity's sin upon himself and became the willing, perfect sacrifice, suffering the punishment mankind deserved. God the Father accepted Jesus' sacrifice, through which human beings can become justified.¨ See the whole article at: http://christianity.about.com/od/glossary/a/Righteousness.htm"
24 Sarah R = "When Jesus was on Earth He was very critical of the Pharisees, the Jewish teachers of the law. He called them ´white-washed tombs´ (Matthew 23:27). The Pharisees not only required the people to follow the Jewish law but also added additional laws. Jesus was clear that it was not the empty works of following the law that pleased God, but rather a heart of faith and obedience."
25 Cary W = "I have met many Jew and none Jew who stumble upon this rock of Christ, for they still believe they are righteous before God and men, having done no inequity.It is only in finding our weakness and humility, that our hearts open to the gentle One Who promises to heal, fill and completely bless our lives.  When we glimpse His great kindness, we repent in gladness and confidence in our Father's love, given us in Christ."
26 Sarah R = "This is a quote from Isaiah 8:14 and 28:16."