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3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, and then to the Twelve. 6 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. 7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, 8 and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born.

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1 Sarah R = "1 Corinthians was written by the apostle Paul to the church in Corinth around 54-55 AD. Paul was a Jewish Pharisee (teacher of the Jewish law) who converted to Christianity around 34-37 AD following an encounter with the resurrected Jesus. According to the book of Acts, Paul spent time in Jerusalem with the disciples of Jesus following his conversion. It is believed by theologians that he would have received this creed from Jesus' disciples during that time. That would date the creed within 5-7 years of Jesus' death and resurrection."
2 Sarah R = "Paul wrote 1 Corinthians to correct some errors in teaching and some confusion about the faith in Corinth. He states here that this of "first importance", or vital to their faith."
3 Sarah R = "Other places the New Testament affirms this creed that Jesus died for the payment of sins:Romans 4:25 "He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification."2 Corinthians 2:14 "God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God."Ephesians 1:7 "In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace"Colossians 2:13-14 "When you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made you alive with Christ. He forgave us all our sins, 14 having canceled the charge of our legal indebtedness, which stood against us and condemned us; he has taken it away, nailing it to the cross."1 Peter 3:18 "For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit."1 John 3:5 "But you know that he appeared so that he might take away our sins. And in him is no sin."Consider also Acts 5:30-32."
4 Sarah R = ""I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: I'm ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don't accept his claim to be God. That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic - on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg - or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God, or else a madman or something worse. You can shut him up for a fool, you can spit at him and kill him as a demon or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God, but let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about his being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to."C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity"
5 Sarah R = "Paul repeats this twice to emphasize the significance of this statement. The "Scriptures" that Paul and the church of Corinth would have known referred to what today we call the Old Testament or the Jewish Torah. Paul is  stating here that the Scriptures prophesied about Jesus' coming, death, burial and resurrection. He is telling the church essentially, 'this is the Messiah the Scriptures said was coming'."
6 Sarah R = "Prophesies about the death of Jesus found in the Old Testament:“Surely He has borne our infirmities, and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But He was wounded for our transgressions; He was crushed for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we ourselves are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned each one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, and He was afflicted; yet He opened not His mouth. He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter; and as a sheep before its shearers is dumb, so He opened not His mouth…. Yet the LORD willed to crush Him and He has put Him to grief: You shall make His life an offering for sin. He shall see His seed; He shall prolong His days, and that the purpose of the LORD might prosper in His hand. He shall see of the travail of His soul. He shall be fully satisfied. By His knowledge shall My righteous Servant justify many; and He shall bear their iniquities. He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for transgressors.” (Isa. 53:4-7, 10-12).See also Psalm 22, 31:5, 34:20; Zechariah 12:10; others."
7 Sarah R = "Jesus prophesied his own death and resurrection. Consider: "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up" (John 2:19)"from that time, Jesus Christ began to show His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised up on the third day" (Matthew 16:21 and Mark 8:31).Also Matthew 17:22-2320:18-1926:31-32Mark 10:32-34; and Luke 18:31-33."
8 Sarah R = "Prophecies in the Old Testament regarding the resurrection of Jesus:Hosea 6:2 "After two days he will revive us; on the third day he will restore us, that we may live in his presence."Psalms 16:8-11 - Peter preached about his verse in Acts 2 and stated that Jesus was the fulfillment of this prophecy. Paul also mentioned Psalms 16 when preaching in Pisidia in Acts 13:33-35 as fulfilled by Jesus.Also Psalms 22 and Isaiah 53."
9 Sarah R = "Cephas is another name of the disciple Simon Peter. Jesus calls Peter 'Cephas' in John 1:42. Peter means 'rock' and Cephas has a similar meaning of 'stone'. Since Paul knew Peter personally, it is possible that he was accustomed to calling him Cephas. Paul mentioned Peter as Cephas in Galatians 1:18 and 2:9.Since we know in the Gospel accounts that Peter was one of the first to see the resurrected Jesus (Luke 24:34), it makes sense that Paul would be referring to Peter here rather than a second individual with the name of Cephas."
10 Sarah R = "That is, the twelve disciples. Even though Judas had killed himself (Matthew 27:5) before Jesus appeared to them, thus making the disciples eleven, they were still referred to as the twelve."
11 Sarah R = "Bible verses noting Jesus' post-resurrection appearances to the disciples: Matthew 28:16-18, Mark 16:14, Luke 24:36-43, John 20:19-29."
12 Sarah R = "Possible Bible references to these larger gatherings: Matthew 28:16-17, Luke 24:49-53, Acts 1:3-11."
13 Sarah R = "Paul emphasizes here that many of those who saw the resurrected Jesus are still alive at the time he wrote this letter. Therefore, if those reading the letter had any doubts, they could talk to the actual witnesses of Jesus' post-resurrection appearances."
14 Sarah R = "This letter was written about 25 years after Jesus' death and resurrection, therefore, some of the witnesses had already passed on."
15 Sarah R = "Most Christian theologians believe that this refers to James, the half-brother of Jesus. James' conversion is a powerful piece of evidence pointing towards Jesus actual resurrection. James is listed as a brother of Jesus in Matthew 13:55 and Mark 6:3. In John 7:3-5 it is noted that "even his own brothers did not believe in him" (see also Mark 3:21). Yet by Acts 1:14 the story has changed:  "They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers." What would have changed his brothers' minds? Only seeing Jesus resurrected, just as Jesus said He would be.  James is believed to have been a leader in the Jerusalem church (Acts 15, Galatians 2), and is believed to be the author of James in the New Testament. He died a martyr's death for refusing to deny Jesus as Lord."
16 Sarah R = "While the twelve disciples were specially trained and mentored by Jesus, He had many other followers. "
17 Sarah R = "Paul's experience with the resurrected Jesus is described in Acts 9. He also talks about it in Acts 22 and 26, as well as makes mention of it in several of his letters."
18 Sarah R = "Acts 9:1-31 Paul's Conversion1Meanwhile, Saul was still breathing out murderous threats against the Lord’s disciples. He went to the high priest 2 and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way, whether men or women, he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem.3 As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. 4 He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him,“Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?”5 “Who are you, Lord?” Saul asked.“I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting,” he replied. 6 “Now get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do.”7 The men traveling with Saul stood there speechless; they heard the soundbut did not see anyone. 8 Saul got up from the ground, but when he opened his eyes he could see nothing. So they led him by the hand into Damascus.9 For three days he was blind, and did not eat or drink anything.10 In Damascus there was a disciple named Ananias. The Lord called to him in a vision, “Ananias!”“Yes, Lord,” he answered.11 The Lord told him, “Go to the house of Judas on Straight Street and ask for a man from Tarsus named Saul, for he is praying. 12 In a vision he has seen a man named Ananias come and place his hands on him to restore his sight.”13 “Lord,” Ananias answered, “I have heard many reports about this man and all the harm he has done to your holy people in Jerusalem. 14 And he has come here with authority from the chief priests to arrest all who call on your name.”15 But the Lord said to Ananias, “Go! This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel.16 I will show him how much he must suffer for my name.”17 Then Ananias went to the house and entered it. Placing his hands on Saul, he said, “Brother Saul, the Lord—Jesus, who appeared to you on the road as you were coming here—has sent me so that you may see again and be filled with the Holy Spirit.” 18 Immediately, something like scales fell from Saul’s eyes, and he could see again. He got up and was baptized, 19 and after taking some food, he regained his strength.Saul spent several days with the disciples in Damascus. 20 At once he began to preach in the synagogues that Jesus is the Son of God. 21 All those who heard him were astonished and asked, “Isn’t he the man who raised havoc in Jerusalem among those who call on this name? And hasn’t he come here to take them as prisoners to the chief priests?” 22 Yet Saul grew more and more powerful and baffled the Jews living in Damascus by proving that Jesus is the Messiah.23 After many days had gone by, there was a conspiracy among the Jews to kill him, 24 but Saul learned of their plan. Day and night they kept close watch on the city gates in order to kill him. 25 But his followers took him by night and lowered him in a basket through an opening in the wall.26 When he came to Jerusalem, he tried to join the disciples, but they were all afraid of him, not believing that he really was a disciple. 27 But Barnabastook him and brought him to the apostles. He told them how Saul on his journey had seen the Lord and that the Lord had spoken to him, and how in Damascus he had preached fearlessly in the name of Jesus. 28 So Saul stayed with them and moved about freely in Jerusalem, speaking boldly in the name of the Lord. 29 He talked and debated with the Hellenistic Jews, but they tried to kill him. 30 When the believers learned of this, they took him down to Caesarea and sent him off to Tarsus.31 Then the church throughout Judea, Galilee and Samaria enjoyed a time of peace and was strengthened. Living in the fear of the Lord and encouraged by the Holy Spirit, it increased in numbers."
19 Sarah R = "Paul refers to himself as one "abnormally born" likely because he was not one of Jesus' original disciples. He was at first a skeptic and guilty of persecuting and imprisoning Christians. After Jesus appeared to Him (Acts 9) he became a believer and one of the early church's foremost apostles and missionaries in spreading the faith."