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WATER 2 WINE: FULL TEACHING HE TURNED THE WATER INTO WINE: WHY? HE CHANGED THE WATER INTO WINE – WHY? john 2:6 and there were set there __six __waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing _two or three firkins apiece._ John 2:6 6 six stone water jars were there. They were used for Jewish purification rituals. Each jar held _18 to 27 gallons_. According to scripture and our understanding or lack thereof of the measurements in the Bible, Jesus created as much as 180 gallons of the finest wine ever tasted as a “sign” to the people. or, as I like to put it, it is a word picture of what he was trying to convey.  The firkin, according to Smith's Dictionary of Classical An­tiquities, was equal to eight _[gallons_](http://www.howtotouchgod.com/85-how-much-wine-did-jesus-make-at- the-wedding-feast-in-cana.html) and seven-eighths of a gallon. Thus the Evangelist's estimate gives us as the capacity of each jar somewhere between seventeen and twenty-six gallons. Nothing is told us about the vessel in which it was borne to the governor of the feast. (It was proba­bly a pitcher. There is an ancient _[picture_](http://www.howtotouchgod.com/85 -how-much-wine-did-jesus-make-at-the-wedding-feast-in-cana.html) on ivory in existence which rep­resents the miracle. It is believed to have been painted not later than the seventh century. In this the jars are represented as wide stone jars as high as the breast of the man who is drawing from them. The six stone jars held about 120-180 gallons of water.  He _[holds_](http://www.howtotouchgod.com/85-how-much-wine-did-jesus-make- at-the-wedding-feast-in-cana.html) in his hand a drinking-cup which apparently would hold about a pint.) “and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine”.  “you have saved the best till now." “this, _the first _of his miraculous _signs_, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee”. (john 2:9, 10, 11 - edited) At the wedding in Cana, Jesus turned water that was in ceremonial waterpots (used by a bride, before her wedding, by a bridegroom, on the day of his wedding and the parents of the bride and groom) into wine – THE FINEST WINE EVER TASTED. The question is WHY? Why was this His __first__ miracle? What did the __SIGN__ mean? Keeping in mind that before the cross when Christ cried out, “It is finished!” that Jesus was completely fulfilling the LAW for US! HE was under the Jewish law during His entire earthly existence. When Joseph and Mary found Jesus in the temple reading from Isaiah, why were they surprised? Because a Jewish boy was not considered a man until he was Bar Mitzvahed at age 13! Here was a 12 year old BOY discussing the Law with Jewish MEN! Ephesians 5:25 - 27: husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with __water by the word__, (LAW) and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless. Matthew 7:12 - Therefore in everything, _do to others what you would have them do to you_, for this sums up __the LAW__ and the prophets. luke22: 20 - Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, this cup is the new covenant in my _blood_, which is shed for you. Water symbolizes the LAW and the Wine symbolizes the BLOOD of the New Covenant of God’s grace WATER ® WINE (BLOOD) LAW ® GRACE (UNMERITED FAVOR)  Jesus’ first miracle was a beautiful picture in words of what He came to accomplish.  Notice that scripture does NOT call it just a miracle, but a SIGN.  The people at the wedding simply marveled at His power but failed to understand that Jesus was announcing that He was changing the Law into something as different as wine is to water. The Law became the undeserved Grace of God through the Blood of Christ because He came to _COMPLETELY FULFILL the Law_. John 2:6, 7 NIV 6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used _by the Jews for ceremonial washing_, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; _SO THEY FILLED THEM TO THE BRIM. Why did Jesus have the servants fill the “jars” to the brim?  They had been used for ceremonial washing before the wedding ceremony.    There were 6 pots: One for the bride, one for the groom, two for each set of parents.  A person would get into the pot, stoop down to be covered in water and stand ceremonially cleansed.  When they stooped down, naturally, they displaced water in the pot.  The servants had the     thankless task of using quart sized containers to refill the water displaced in the ‘pots’!  (134 GALLONS AND A FRACTION, _[Pulpit Commentary_])  Had Jesus turned the partially filled pots into wine, He would only be signifying that He was changing only _a part of the LAW_.  The pots were filled “to the brim” showing that _the ENTIRE LAW_ was being changed into _Grace_ like a caterpillar is changed or metamorphosed into a butterfly: Essentially the same, yet quite different. The Fulfillment of the Law – Mathew 5:17 17 “Do not think that I have come to _abolish_ the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to _fulfill_ them Amplified Bible For Christ is _the end of the Law_ [the limit at which it ceases to be, for the Law leads up to Him Who is _the fulfillment_ of its types, and __IN HIM THE PURPOSE WHICH IT WAS DESIGNED TO ACCOMPLISH IS FULFILLED. __That is, the purpose of the Law is fulfilled in Him] as the means of righteousness (right relationship to God) for everyone who trusts in _and_ adheres to _and_ relies on Him._ 10 Love does no wrong to one’s neighbor [it never hurts anybody]. _Therefore love meets all the requirements _and_ is the fulfilling of the Law_. James 2:8  (ERV) 8 One law rules over all other laws. This royal law is found in the Scriptures: “Love your neighbor the same as you love yourself.” _If you obey this law, you are doing right.

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1 Cary W = "The water of the New Law (Love God and love neighbor) and the wine of the atoning blood of the Lamb of God, sealing us into a new covenant with God.  Salvation by faith in the grace and atoning work of God in Christ."
2 Cary W = "Jesus, having overcome the devil, sin, and death, became to us the righteousness of God, by fulfilling all the law of God, and transforming its regulations and commandments into impulses of love, friendship and devotion to the holiness and love of God."