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WATER 2 WINE: FULL TEACHING HE TURNED THE WATER INTO WINE: WHY? HE CHANGED THE WATER INTO WINE – WHY? john 2:6 and there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. John 2:6 6 six stone water jars were there. They were used for Jewish purification rituals. Each jar held 18 to 27 gallons. According to scripture and our understanding or lack thereof of the measurements in the Bible, Jesus created as much as 180 gallons of the finest wine ever tasted as a “sign” to the people. or, as I like to put it, it is a word picture of what he was trying to convey. The firkin, according to Smith's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, was equal to eight and seven-eighths of a gallon. Thus the Evangelist's estimate gives us as the capacity of each jar somewhere between seventeen and twenty-six gallons. Nothing is told us about the vessel in which it was borne to the governor of the feast. (It was probably a pitcher. There is an ancient on ivory in existence which represents the miracle. It is believed to have been painted not later than the seventh century. In this the jars are represented as wide stone jars as high as the breast of the man who is drawing from them. The six stone jars held about 120-180 gallons of water. He in his hand a drinking-cup which apparently would hold about a pint.) “and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine”. “you have saved the best till now." “this, the first of his miraculous signs, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee”. (john 2:9, 10, 11 - edited) At the wedding in Cana, Jesus turned water that was in ceremonial waterpots (used by a bride, before her wedding, by a bridegroom, on the day of his wedding and the parents of the bride and groom) into wine – THE FINEST WINE EVER TASTED. The question is WHY? Why was this His first miracle? What did the SIGN mean? Keeping in mind that before the cross when Christ cried out, “It is finished!” that Jesus was completely fulfilling the LAW for US! HE was under the Jewish law during His entire earthly existence. When Joseph and Mary found Jesus in the temple reading from Isaiah, why were they surprised? Because a Jewish boy was not considered a man until he was Bar Mitzvahed at age 13! Here was a 12 year old BOY discussing the Law with Jewish MEN! Ephesians 5:25 - 27: husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water by the word, (LAW) and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless. Matthew 7:12 - Therefore in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the LAW and the prophets. luke22: 20 - Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, this cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is shed for you. Water symbolizes the LAW and the Wine symbolizes the BLOOD of the New Covenant of God’s grace WATER WINE (BLOOD) LAW GRACE (UNMERITED FAVOR) Jesus’ first miracle was a beautiful picture in words of what He came to accomplish. Notice that scripture does NOT call it just a miracle, but a SIGN. The people at the wedding simply marveled at His power but failed to understand that Jesus was announcing that He was changing the Law into something as different as wine is to water. The Law became the undeserved Grace of God through the Blood of Christ because He came to COMPLETELY FULFILL the Law. John 2:6, 7 NIV 6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; SO THEY FILLED THEM TO THE BRIM. Why did Jesus have the servants fill the “jars” to the brim? They had been used for ceremonial washing before the wedding ceremony. There were 6 pots: One for the bride, one for the groom, two for each set of parents. A person would get into the pot, stoop down to be covered in water and stand ceremonially cleansed. When they stooped down, naturally, they displaced water in the pot. The servants had the thankless task of using quart sized containers to refill the water displaced in the ‘pots’! (134 GALLONS AND A FRACTION, ) Had Jesus turned the partially filled pots into wine, He would only be signifying that He was changing only a part of the LAW. The pots were filled “to the brim” showing that the ENTIRE LAW was being changed into Grace like a caterpillar is changed or metamorphosed into a butterfly: Essentially the same, yet quite different. The Fulfillment of the Law – Mathew 5:17 17 “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them \- Amplified Bible For Christ is the end of the Law [the limit at which it ceases to be, for the Law leads up to Him Who is the fulfillment of its types, and IN HIM THE PURPOSE WHICH IT WAS DESIGNED TO ACCOMPLISH IS FULFILLED. That is, the purpose of the Law is fulfilled in Him] as the means of righteousness (right relationship to God) for everyone who trusts in and adheres to and relies on Him. 10 Love does no wrong to one’s neighbor [it never hurts anybody]. Therefore love meets all the requirements and is the fulfilling of the Law. James 2:8 (ERV) 8 One law rules over all other laws. This royal law is found in the Scriptures: “Love your neighbor the same as you love yourself.” If you obey this law, you are doing right. (Drawing is inaccurate as to the shape of the “jars”.)

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1 Shawn Bose = "Giotto's fresco depicting the Wedding at Cana and the miracle of water to wine."
2 Shawn Bose = "Here is an essay by Bill Schell titled "The Truth in All Religions" in which he details the universal nature of the 'Golden Rule"Here is an excerpt:An Ancient Precept Bahai 'Blessed is he who preferreth his brother before himself.' BAHA'ULLAH, Tablets of Baha'ullahBuddhism 'Hurt not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful.' UDANA-VARGA, 5:18 Christianity 'All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them.' JESUS, Matthew 7:12Confucianism 'Do unto other what you would have them do unto you.' Analects 15:23 Hinduism 'This is the sum of duty: do naught unto others which would cause you pain if done to you.' Mahabharata 5:1517 Islam 'No one of you is a believer until he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself.' SUNNAH Jainism 'In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard all creatures as we regard our own self.' LORD MAHAVIRA, 24th Tirthankara Judaism 'What is hateful to you, do not to your fellowman. That is the law: all the rest is commentary.' Talmud, Shabbat 31Native American  'Respect for all life is the foundation.' The Great Law of Peace Sikhism  'Don't create enmity with anyone as God is within everyone.' Guru Arjan Devji 259, Guru Granth Sahib Zoroastrianism  'That nature only is good when it shall not do unto another whatever is not good for its own self.' Dadistan-i-Dinik, 94:5 "