text size

History of the Bahá'í Faith

Top comments

{{ annotation.praises_count }} Likes
{{ annotation.creator_alias }}
{{ annotation.creator_score }}

There are no comments yet. Be the first to start comment or request an explanation.

## What is the story of the Bahai faith? ![Thai Buddhists at a temple in Chiang Mai](http://www.religionfacts.com/bahai/images/bahai-star-wp-pd-blue.png) **The Bahá'í Faith** was founded in Iran in the mid-19th century by Mirza Hoseyn 'Ali Nuri, who is known as **[Bahá'u'lláh](http://www.religionfacts.com/bahai/people/baha-u-llah.htm)**, which in Arabic: "Glory of God". The Bahai **religion** has a short, but important history and learning it is necessary to understanding the Bahai worldview. The Bahai faith has experienced in creased popularity in the West as its openness to all religions aligns with the religious relativism growing in that part of the world. (Also see **[Bahai beliefs](http://www.religionfacts.com/bahai/beliefs.htm)**) Like many other religions, Bahai has experienced seasons of **peace** as well as seasons of **persecution**; times of stagnation and times of increase. All of these moments work together to form the present state of the Bahai faith. Below the reader will find an overview of Bahai history along with links to more in-depth articles. ### The Bahai religion: past and present #### Historical and Religious Context As **[Christianity**](http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/index.htm) was born out of **[Judaism**](http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/index.htm) and **[Buddhism**](http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/index.htm) grew out of **[Hinduism**](http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/index.htm), the Bahá'í Faith has its roots in Shi'ite **[Islam**](http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/). A major doctrine of "Twelver" Shi'ite Islam is the expected return of the 12th imam (successor of Muhammad), who will renew religion and guide the faithful. #### The Báb In 1844, Mirza 'Ali Mohammad of Shiraz in Iran proclaimed the imminent appearance of a new messenger of God who would overturn old beliefs and customs and usher in a new era. He identified himself as the forerunner of this prophet, assuming the title of "the Báb" (Persian: "Gateway"). The Báb's teachings quickly spread throughout modern-day Iran, provoking strong opposition from both the Shi'ite Muslim clergy and the government. The Báb was arrested and, after several years of incarceration, was executed by a firing squad in 1850. Large-scale persecutions of his adherents, the Babis, followed and ultimately cost 20,000 people their lives. #### Bahá'u'lláh One of the Báb's earliest and most ardent disciples was Mirza Hoseyn 'Ali Nuri, who had assumed the name of Bahá'u'lláh (Persian: "Glory of God") when he renounced his social standing and joined the Babis. Bahá'u'lláh was arrested in 1852 and jailed in Tehran. During his imprisonment, he realized he was the prophet whose coming had been predicted by the Bab. He was released in 1853 and exiled to Baghdad, where his leadership revived the Babi community. In 1863, shortly before being moved by the Ottoman government to Constantinople, Bahá'u'lláh declared to his fellow Babis that he was the messenger of God foretold by the Bab. An overwhelming majority of Babis acknowledged his claim and thenceforth became known as Bahá'ís. Bahá'u'lláh was subsequently confined by the Ottomans in Adrianople (now Edirne, Turkey) and then exiled to Acre in Palestine (now ' Akko, Israel). #### 20th Century Before Bahá'u'lláh died in 1892, he appointed his eldest son, 'Abd ol-Baha (1844–1921), to be the leader of the Bahá'í community and the authorized interpreter of his teachings. 'Abd ol-Baha actively administered the movement's affairs and spread the faith to North America, Europe, and other continents. He appointed his eldest grandson, Shoghi Effendi Rabbani (1897–1957), as his successor. The Bahá'í faith underwent a rapid expansion beginning in the 1960s, and by the late 20th century it had more than 150 national spiritual assemblies (national governing bodies) and about 20,000 local spiritual assemblies worldwide. #### Persecution in Iran Since the Bahá'í Faith's birth, it has faced resistance and persecution from Iran. Many Bahá'ís, including the Bab, have become martyrs or imprisoned by the Iranian government. As is often the case, the persecution has arisen from a combination of religious and social factors. Religiously, many Shi'ite Muslims regard the Bahá'í Faith as an Islamic heresy. Objectionable beliefs of the Bahá'ís include the idea that there are more prophets to come after Muhammad, that the Qur'an has been upstaged by Bahá'u'lláh's writings, that women should play an active role in society, that there is no importance of the holy war (jihad), and that clergy are not essential due to increased literacy. A major social factor leading to persecution of Bahá'ís is their emphasis on education, which places them in prominent occupations in society. This power and influence can be seen as threatening by the majority. Bahá'ís also deny the authority of Shi'ite jurisprudence and therefore the essence of Iran's government. Anti-Bahá'í sentiment increased under Ayatollah Khomeini. Although oppression slightly lessened in late 1988, Bahá'ís were still being accused of prostitution since their marriages are viewed as illegitimate, of spying since some of their conferences were in foreign cities, and of being Zionist supporters since their headquarters are in Haifa, Israel. Many Bahá'ís were arrested, tortured and executed. #### The Bahá'í Faith Today Today, the Bahá'í Faith has as many as 7 million followers worldwide and is the second-most widely distributed religion after [Christianity](http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/index.htm). \- See more at: http://www.religionfacts.com/bahai/history.htm#sthash.SVCypa5t.dpuf

read all comments

1 Ben N = "Shi'ite (or Shia) Muslims make up only about 12% of the world's Muslim population, and mostly live in Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and India. They believe that the prophet Muhammed's true successor was his cousin and son-in-law Ali, as opposed to Sunnis, who acknowledge Abu Bakr as the successor and Caliph. This ancient split in the Muslim community has become entrenched in two different bodies of teachings and traditions."
2 Cary W = "The Baha'i started out in the mid 1850's known as the Bab, after their current leader; after he was murdered, Baha'u'llah was arrested, discovered he himself was the coming prophet Baba spoke us, and became the new leader.  That is why they now call themselves Baha'i."
3 Cary W = "The Baha'i started out in the mid 1850's known as the Bab, after their current leader; after he was murdered, Baha'u'llah was arrested, discovered he himself was the coming prophet Baba spoke us, and became the new leader.  That is why they now call themselves Baha'i."
4 Ben N = "One of Islam's key beliefs is that Muhammed is "the seal of the prophets" (meaning he is the last prophet, and there will be no more) and that the Qur'an is the perfect and final revelation of God's Word."
5 Liv Dahl = "To read more about the stories of persecution of the Baha'is in Iran, I recommend A Cry from the Heart by William Sears, The Dawnbreakers by Nabil, and God Passes By from Shoghi Effendi. The last two are quite extensive but provide a very detailed and contextual background for the persecution of Baha'is in Iran, as well as the early development of the Baha'i Faith. One story many Baha'i today grew up with is the story of 17year old Mona and her execution in the 1970s or 80s because she conducted children's classes and refused to recant her faith in Baha'u'llah. "
6 Ben N = "Ruhollah Khomeini was an Iranian religious and political leader, who led the 1979 revolution which overthrew the shah and instituted an Islamic state, governed by Sharia law, over which he presided as Grand Ayatollah.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruhollah_Khomeini"