1Sahil B = "
"The enemies of Islam have attacked its outward manifestations and
constantly attempted to show that its practice (even such essentially
elevating manifestations as prayer, fasting, alms, etc.) is impossible
in modern and civilised conditions. Unfortunately, the 'Ulama' -- the
savants -- have played into the hands of the enemies. The present
practices of Islam took shape and form at the time when the
schoolmen reigned supreme in East and West alike.... If Islam is ever
to fulfil its mission it must have a universality not only in space,
namely, throughout the earth, but in time, namely, as long as
mankind exists on this globe.
"We maintain that the Prophet only ordered prayer, fasting, and
gentleness in all human relations, kindliness and consideration for
all beasts and animals from the smallest worm to the largest
"If, rightly, the Muslims have kept till now to the forms of prayer
and fasting as practised at the time of the Prophet, it should not be
forgotten that it is not the forms of prayer and fasting that have
been commanded, but the facts, and we are entitled to adjust the
forms to the facts of life as circumstances changed. It is the same
Prophet who advises his followers ever to remain Ibnu 'l-Waqt (i.e.
children of the time and period in which they were on earth), and it
must be the natural ambition of every Muslim to practise and
represent his Faith according to the standard of the Waqt or spacetime."
Sir Sultan Mahomed Shah, Aga Khan III's 1934 Foreword to 'Muhammad: A
Mercy to All Nations' by Al-Hajj Qassim Ali Jairazbhoy (London, United