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The New Sanhedrin Most people will be surprised to learn that after 1600 years the Sanhedrin has once again re-established itself as a precursor to the Messianic age and rebuilding of the Holy Temple just as the prophets of old foresaw; The Sanhedrin is the name given in the Mishna to the council of seventy-one Jewish sages who constituted the supreme court and legislative body in Judea during the Roman period. It continued to function for more than four hundred years after the destruction of the Temple and there have been several orthodox attempts to re-establish it since that time. The current attempt to re-establish the Sanhedrin is generally referred to as the "nascent Sanhedrin", or the "developing Sanhedrin". Etymologically, Sanhedrin is a late Hebrew representation of the Greek word synedrion συνέδριον meaning "sitting together" as a legislative assembly or Senate. It is interesting to note that several aspects of the U.S. Senate, including the semi-circle seating of the senators, were derived from the Jewish Sanhedrin by the Founding Fathers of the U.S. Constitution. The Jewish Sanhedrin is a governmental body that resembles aspects of both the U.S. Senate and the Supreme Court. The make-up of the council includes a President - Nasi, Chancellor - Av beis din, and sixty-nine general members who all sit in the form of a semi-circle when in session. Decisions are made by majority vote. The constitution of seventy-one is to preclude the possibility of a tie. Members of the Sanhedrin are not elected, nor is their position permanent. Any scholar, at any time, may gain a place on the legislature by proving a greater level of scholarship in Jewish Law than a current member of the legislature. You can learn about the New Sanhedrin at the link below. http://www.thesanhedrin.org/en/index.php?title=The_Re-established_Jewish_Sanhedrin

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1 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "The current Sanhedrin has full rabbinical authority however they do not have the legal authority which was held by the Sanhedrin during the times of the Holy Temple. This legal authority will only be granted when the Temple is once again rebuilt and the Messiah takes his place as leader of the Sanhedrin."
2 Yaakov ben Chaim Tzvi = "Nasi in Hebrew means "Prince" and the true head of the Sanhedrin is the prince from the line of King Solomon, i.e. the Messiah."