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1. "And those who strive hard for Us, We will certainly guide them in Our ways" (29:69). 2. "Strive hard against them a mighty striving with it (the Qur'ân)" (25:52). 3. "And from among you there should be a party who invite to good and enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong. and these it is that shall be successful" (3:103). 4. "There is no compulsion in religion" (2:256). 5. "And fight in the way of Allâh with those who fight with you and do not exceed this limit" (2:190). 6. "And they will not cease fighting with you until they turn you back from your religion if they can" (2:217). 7. "And fight with them until there is no persecution and all religions are only for Allâh" (8:39). 8. "And if they incline to peace, do thou incline to it and trust in Allâh And if they intend to deceive thee, then surely Allâh is sufficient for thee" (8:61, 62). 9. "He it is who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the true religion that He may make it overcome all (other) religions." (61:9). Jihâd means the exerting of one's power in repelling the enemy or in contending with an object of disapprobation. It carries a twofold significance in Islâm, being applied to both. the purely missionary activities of a Muslim and his defence of the Faith. when necessary, in a physical sense. The first duty--the duty to invite people to Islâm--is a permanent duty laid upon all Muslims of all ages; while the second is a duty which arises upon certain contingencies. The Holy Qur'ân calls attention to both these duties in the clearest and most forceful words. In the first place, it speaks of a jihâd to attain to Allâh (v. 1). Then it speaks of carrying on a jihâd against unbelievers by means of the Holy Qur'ân, and this it calls jihâd-an kabîr-an, a very great jihâd (v. 2). Islâm's greatest jihâd is, therefore, not by means of the sword, but by means of the Holy Qur'ân, i.e., a missionary effort to establish Islâm. We are further told that there should always be among Muslims a party who invite people to Islâm (v. 3). Thus the missionary jihâd of Islâm is to be carried on in all circumstances. The sword could never be used to force Islâm on others. compulsion in religion being forbidden in clear words (v. 4). Fighting was undoubtedly allowed but it was expressly allowed only as a defensive measure against those who were bent upon annihilating Islâm by the sword, not to compel people to accept Islâm (vv. 5, 6). When persecution ceased and everyone was at liberty to profess whatever religion he liked, the sword had to be sheathed (v. 7). Even in the midst of the war, if the enemy wanted peace, war was to be discontinued (v. 8). The good news is finally given that not only will Islâm not be annihilated but it would ultimately be ascendant over all other religions (v. 9). Hadîth also speaks of both kinds of jihâd. It is a Muslim's foremost duty, and the most excellent deed a Muslim can do (hh. 1, 2). A promise is given that if Muslims exerted themselves to their utmost to uphold the cause of Islâm, they would be in the ascendant (hh. 3, 4). There is a further promise that divinely inspired persons, called rnujaddids, shall appear among Muslims to revive the faith (h. 5), and that a Messiah shall appear among them to carry the message of Islâm to the Christian nations of the world in particular (h. 6). Guiding a man to truth is spoken of as a Muslim's greatest treasure (h. 7), and the Holy Prophet himself wrote letters to kings in the 6th year of Hijrah, inviting them to accept Islâm (h. 8). He never threatened any of them with invasion if his message was not accepted (h. 9). Muslims had to fight their battles, but this they had to do simply to defend Islâm which unbelievers wanted to annihilate (vv. 5. 6) The cause of Truth was, however, to be defended unto death (h. 10), and Muslims were told to be always ready, if the need arose, to defend the Faith with the sword, that being the way to Paradise (h. 11). The Holy Prophet's own soul yearned after martyrdom in defence of the Truth and if possible. to come back to life and die again defending the Truth (h. 12), and such should, therefore, be the desire of every Muslim. Martyrdom could, however, be attained in other ways too (h. 13). Even women took part in the battles which were being fought in defence of Islâm (hh. 14, 15), Non-combatants were not to be killed in battle, there being a prohibition against the killing of women and children (h. 16). Fighting was to cease if the enemy offered peace, even though his intention might be to deceive (v. 8), or if the enemy entered the brotherhood of Islâm (h. 17). 1 Abu Hurairah said, A man came to the Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, and said, Guide me to a deed which is equal to jihâd. He said, "I do not find it." (Then) he said: "Is it in thy power that when the one engaged in jihâd goes forth, thou shouldst enter thy mosque and stand in prayer and have no rest, and that thou shouldst fast and break it not?" He said, Who can do it? (B. 56:l.) 2 Abû Sa'îd al-Khudrî said, It was said, O Messenger of Allâh! Who is the most excellent of men? The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said, "The believer who strives hard in the way of Allâh with his person and his property." (B. 56:2 ) 3 Mughîrah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said, "Some people from among my community shall remain in the ascendant, until the command of Allâh comes to them and they shall be triumphant."[1] (B. 61:28 .) 4 'Imrân ibn Husain said, 'The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said "A party of my community shall not cease fighting for the Truth--they shall be triumphant over their opponents. "[2] (AD-Msh. 18.) [1. In the heading of 97:10. this hadîth is related with a slight variation: "A party of my umma shall remain in the ascendant, propagating the Truth, and these are the learned ones (ahl al-'ilm)." This shows that Bukhârî took the word jihâd in the wider sense. 2. The following explanation of this hadîth is given in the 'Aun al-Ma'bûd, a commentary of Adû Dawûd, on the authority of Nawavî: "This party consists of different classes of the faithful, of them being the brave fighters, the faqîhs (jurists), the muhaddithîn (collectors of Hadîth), the zâhids (those who devote themselves to the worship of God), those who command the doing of good and prohibit evil, and a variety of other people who do other good deeds." Fighting in the way of Allâh thus includes the service of Islâm in any form.] 5 Abû Hurairah reported, The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said: "Surely Allâh will raise for this community at the beginning of every century one who shall revive for it its faith."[3] (AD. 36:1 .) 6 Abû Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said "How would you feel [3. The preceding two Hadîth contain a prophecy that among the Muslim community there shall always be learned people who shall help the cause of Islâm to become ascendant in the world; this goes a step further and contains a further prophecy that generally at intervals of a century divinely inspired people shall be raised among Muslims and they shall revive the faith of the Muslim community. A person thus raised by God is called a mujaddid (one who revives) in the terminology of Islâm. The mujaddid is a muhaddath (one to whom God speaks though he is not a prophet), and he is raised up by God to remove errors that have crept in among Muslims and to shed new light on the great religious truths of Islâm in the new circumstances which Muslims may have to face in every new age. The most famous names falling under this category in this country are those of Sayyid Ahmad of Sirhind, popularly known as Mujaddid Alf Thâni, Shâh Walî Allâh of Delhi, Sayyid Ahmad of Bareily, and Mirzâ Ghulâm Ahmad of Qâdiân, the founder of the Ahmadiyyah movement, who was accepted generally as the Mujaddid of the fourteenth century of Hijrah, but who was later opposed owing to his claim to be the Messiah, whose advent is spoken of in Hadîth prophecies.] when the son of Mary makes his appearance among you, and he is your imâm from among yourselves."[4] (B. 60:49 .) 7 Sahl reported, He heard the Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, say: [4. This is a further prophecy relating to the ascendancy of Islâm. The son Of Mary is the Messiah, and Muslims are told that a Messiah would appear among them. This Messiah is called imâmu-kum min-kum i.e., your imâm from among yourselves. In a hadîth of the Sahih Muslim on the same subject, the words are wa amma-kum min-kum, i.e., he (the Messiah) shall be your imâm from among yourselves, leaving no doubt that a member of the Muslim community would be raised to the dignity of the Messiah. These words were no doubt added by the Holy Prophet to remove the possible misconception that the Israelite Messiah would appear among Muslims. The prophecy relating to the advent of a Messiah among Muslims, generally known as the second advent of the Messiah, is on all fours with the prophecy relating to the second advent of Elias among the Israelites: "Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven" (II Kings 2:11); "I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord" (Mal. 4:5 ). When Jesus Christ was confronted with this difficulty--"Why then say the Scribes that Elias must first come?" (Mt. 17: 10),--he simply replied: "Elias is come already but they knew him not"......"Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist" (Mt. 17:11 -13); because, as further explained, John the Baptist came "in the spirit and power of Elias" (LK. 1:17 ). The appearance of the Messiah among Muslims thus meant only the appearance of a mujaddid "in the spirit and power" of the Messiah. The Messiah's work is thus described in the Bukhârî "The son of Mary will appear among you as a judge, doing justice (between people), and he will break the Cross and kill the swine" (B. 60:49 ). This clearly shows that the Messiah would come when the religion of the Cross will be in the ascendant, and that his work will be to spread Islâm among the Christian nations of the world in particular. which in other Hadîth is described as the rising of the sun in the West, the sun standing for the Sun of Islâm and the West for the Western nations. Thus this prophecy speaks in fact of the final ascendancy of Islâm in the world.] ". . . Then invite them to Islâm, and inform them of what is incumbent on them; for, by Allâh, if a single man is guided aright through thee, it is better for thee than red camels."[5] (B. 56:102 .) 8 Ibn 'Abbâs reported, The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, wrote to the Cæsar inviting him to Islâm, and sent his letter to him with Dihyah al-Kalbî, and the Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, ordered him to make it over to the Chief of Busrâ that he might send it to the Caesar.[6] (B. 56:102 .) [5. These instructions were given to 'Ali by the Holy Prophet in the expedition of Khaibar, which shows that invitation to Islâm was the greatest jihâd of Muslims. 6. This Hadîth which speaks of the Holy Prophet inviting the Cæsar to Islâm forms part of the chapter on Jihad in the Bukhârî, which again shows the wide sense in which jihâd was interpreted by Muslims. The subject-matter of the letter written is produced in the next hadîth, which should be treated as a supplement to this hadîth.] 9 Ibn 'Abbâs reported, . . . And this (letter) ran as follows: "In the name of Allâh, the Beneficent, the Merciful. From Muhammad, the servant of Allâh and His Messenger, to Heraclius, the Chief of the Roman Empire. Peace be with him who follows the guidance. After this, I invite thee with invitation to Islâm. Become a Muslim and thou wilt be in peace--Allâh will give thee a double reward; but if thou turnest away, on thee will be the sin of thy subjects. And, O followers of the Book! Come to an equitable proposition between us and you that we shall not serve any but Allâh, and that we shall not associate aught with Him, and that some of us shall not take others for lords besides Allâh; but if they turn back, then say: Bear witness that we are Muslims." (B. 1:1 .) 10 Salamah said, I swore allegiance to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, then I turned to the shade of a tree. When the crowd diminished, he (the Prophet) said, "O Ibn al-Akwa'! Will thou not swear allegiance?" He said, I said, I have already sworn allegiance, O Messenger of Allâh! He said, "And do it again." So I swore allegiance to him a second time. I (the reporter) said to him, O Abu Muslim! For what did you swear allegiance (to him) then? He said, For death.[8] (B. 56:110 .) [7. B. 1:1 is a very long hadîth, only the part relating to the letter spoken of in the last hadîth is produced here. The subject-matter of the letter is a clear proof that invitation to Islâm was not accompanied by any threat of hostilities. Similar letters were written to other rulers. 8 This happened at Hudaibiyah where the famous truce of that name was concluded. Swearing allegiance for death meant that a man would defend Islâm and stand by the Holy Prophet even though he had to face death.] 11 Abd Allâh ibn Abû Aufâ reported, The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said: And know that paradise is beneath the protection of the swords."[9] (B. 56:22 .) 12 Abû Hurairah said, I heard the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, say "By Him in Whose hand is my soul, were it not that there are men among the believers who cannot bear to remain behind me--and I do not find that on which to carry them--I would not remain behind an army that fights in the way of Allâh; and by Him in Whose hand is my soul. I love that I [9. The word zilâl used in the hadîth is plural of zill which generally means shadow, but it really means that which serves to protect a thing. The Hadîth emphasizes a Muslim's duty to be always ready to fight for the defence of the Truth. Muslims could not use the sword otherwise than in defence (v. 5).] should be killed in the way of Allâh then brought to life, then killed again then brought to life, then killed again then brought to life, then killed again." (B. 56:7 .) 13 Abû Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said: Whom do you count to be a martyr among you?" They said, O Messenger of Allâh! Whoever is killed in the way of Allâh is a martyr. He said: "In that case the martyrs of my community shall be very few--he who is killed in the way of Allâh is a martyr; he who dies a natural death in the way of Allâh is a martyr; he who dies of the plague (in the way of Allâh) is a martyr; he who dies of cholera (in the way of Allâh) is a martyr."[10] (M-Msh. 18.) 14 Anas said, On the day that battle was fought at Uhud, (some) people fled away from. the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him. He said, And I saw 'Â'ishah, daughter of Abu Bakr and Umm Sulaim, and they had both tucked up their garments, so that I could see the anklets on their shanks, and they were carrying skins (full of water) on their backs, and they poured water into the mouths of the people then they went back and filled them again, then came and [10. The Arabic word for martyr is shahîd which means a witness of truth. One who is killed in defence of the Faith is called a shahîd because he as it were sees the truth with his own eyes and lays down his life for it. This hadîth shows further that every one who devotes his life to the service of the Truth is a shahîd, whether he is killed in a battle for the defence of Faith or dies a natural death or dies of plague or cholera.] poured them into the mouths of the people.[11] (B. 56:65 .) 15 Rubayyi' daughter of Mu'awwidh said, We used to be with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, (in his battles), giving drink to and tending the wounded, and removing the slain to Madînah. (B. 56:67 ) 16 'Abd Allâh reported, A woman was found among the killed in one of the battles of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, so the Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, forbade the killing of women and children.'[12] (B. 56:147 .) [11. This shows that in the Holy Prophet's time women did the duty of nursing the wounded and helping the armies of Islâm in all other possible ways. As the next hadîth shows, they did the duty of carrying the slain to Madînah. In B. 56: 63, it is related that a woman, named Bint Milhân, requested the Holy Prophet to pray for her to be among those who sailed on the seas to fight in the way of Allâh. 12. Thus in the exigency of battles Islâm did not allow the killing of non combatants. "Do not kill a woman, nor a labourer." "Do not kill an old man, nor a child, nor a woman", are the words of other hadîth, (AD-Msh. 18:4 ).] 17 Ibn 'Umar reported, The Messenger of Allâh, peace and blessings of Allâh be on him, said: 'I have been commanded that I should fight these people till they bear witness that there is no god but Allâh and keep up prayer and pay zakât. When they do this, their blood and their property shall be safe with me except as Islâm requires, and their reckoning is with Allâh."[13] (B. 2:16 .) [13. The hadîth begins with the words, I have been commanded, and the command to fight is contained in the Holy Qur'ân in the following words: "And fight in the way of Allâh with those who fight with you and do not exceed this limit" (v. 5). Muslims, therefore, could not resort to fighting unless an enemy was the first to assume hostilities. What the hadîth means is that fighting begun under these conditions is to cease when the enemy people accept Islâm. Bukhârî himself hints at this when he quotes this hadîth under the heading if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, then leave their way free," i.e., cease fighting with them.]

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1 Enakshi Ganguly = ""According to Islamic tradition, this verse was revealed to Muhammad during the Invasion of Banu Nadir. Vesselin Popovski et al state that Quran 2:256 related to this event, and its context was the conversion of a childless woman and her child to Judaism, and that the verse suggested that she should not feel compelled to convert. The books quotes the Sunan Abu Dawud hadith[8] as follows:When the children of a woman (in pre-Islamic days) did not survive, she took a vow on herself that if her child survives, she would convert it a Jew. When Banu an-Nadir were expelled (from Arabia), there were some children of the Ansar (Helpers) among them. They said: We shall not leave our children. So Allah the Exalted revealed; "Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from error." Sunan Abu Dawood,14:2676[8]"Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Baqara_256"
2 Enakshi Ganguly = ""It is also reported that “Violence is also part of the army of ignorance”.  Furthermore, there is equally substantial evidence in the holy traditions and reports encouraging and promoting non-violence, leniency and kindness."Source: http://imamshirazi.com/non.html"
3 Enakshi Ganguly = ""The khalifas of the Holy Prophet include not only his successors who possessed worldly rule, such as Hazrat Abu Bakr and Umar, but also his spiritual successors who came to revive the true teachings of Islam in every age. The spiritual khalifas are also mentioned in another hadith of the Holy Prophet in the following words:"Surely Allah will raise up for the Muslims, at the head of every century, one who will revive their religion." (Abu Dawood)"Source: http://www.muslim.org/claims/mujaddid.htm"