6Sara Di Diego = "Transubstantiation was one of the things Martin Luther was strongly against. Thus Protestants do not believe in this."
7Kelly Fanning = "The word transubstantiation was not used until about a thousand years ago, and the doctrine of transubstantiation was indeed criticized by Martin Luther who held the doctrine of "sacramental union" in which the bread and wine are united with (rather than spiritually transformed into) the real presence of Christ. In paragraph 146 of the document "From Conflict to Communion: Lutheran-Catholic Common Commemoration of the Reformation in 2017" it states: "Luther's main objection to Catholic eucharistic doctrine was directed against an understanding of the Mass as a sacrifice." And in paragraph 147: "Luther insisted that, according to the words of institution, Christ gives himself in the Lord's Supper to those who receive him and that, as a gift, Christ could only be received in faith but not offered." And in paragraph 153: "The question of the reality of the presence of Jesus Christ in the Lord's Supper is not a matter of controversy between Catholics and Lutherans. The Lutheran-Catholic dialogue on the eucharist was able to state: 'The Lutheran tradition affirms the Catholic tradition that the consecrated elements do not simply remain bread and wine but rather by the power of the creative word are given as the body and blood of Christ. In this sense Lutherans also could occasionally speak, as does the Greek tradition, of a change" (Eucharistic (51).(50) Both Catholics and Lutherans "have in common a rejection of a spatial or natural manner of presence, and a rejection of an understanding of the sacrament as only commemorative or figurative" (Eucharist 16).(51) And finally in paragraph 154: "Lutherans and Catholics can together affirm the real presence of Jesus Christ in the Lord's Supper: 'In the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper Jesus Christ true God and true man, is present wholly and entirely, in his Body and Blood, under the signs of bread and wine" (Eucharist 16).There are so many different Protestant denominations that to paint them all with the same theological brush can be quite misleading. For many years Lutherans and the Catholic Church have been in dialogue and working toward Christian unity."
9Sara Di Diego = "Chalices holds the sacred wine that everyone drinks from during the Eucharist. In Wicca it is also used during offerings and some rituals. "
10Kelly Fanning = "The chalice holds wine until the priest "in persona Christi" (in the person of Christ) says the Words of Institution, this is when transubstantiation occurs. Afterward the consecration (when the presence of Christ in the Eucharist is actualized), the chalice holds the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ. The Church teaches that transubstantiation occurs at the Words of Institution, because that's what the apostles taught and the Church believes. One who has not received the Sacrament of Holy Orders does not hold the authority to act "in persona Christi" and consecrate the bread and wine. "