1Conrad Fried = "The white conch which coils to the right symbolises the deep, far-reaching and melodious sound of the Dharma teachings, which being appropriate to different natures, predispositions and aspirations of disciples, awakens them from the deep slumber of ignorance and urges them to accomplish their own and others' welfare."
2Conrad Fried = "The Sacred Vase holds the water of life, but it also symbolises longevity, abundance and prosperity."
3Conrad Fried = "The Royal Banner symbolizes charity and the incorruptible official. "
4Conrad Fried = "The Canopy, parasol or umbrella is the symbol of a monarch, and represents spiritual authority and shelter for all living beings."
5Conrad Fried = "The first four of these are royal emblems associated with Buddha, and the other four are symbols of Buddhist religious belief. "
6Conrad Fried = "The Endless Knot is a symbol of longevity and eternity. As a fundamental truth of Buddhism, the knot symbolises cyclical change of all things."
7Conrad Fried = "The Wheel of Life (Dharma Wheel) represents the ever-turning wheel of transmigration of the soul and it symbolises the Buddhist teachings as well. "
8Conrad Fried = "Rising unsullied through muddy water, the Lotus Flower is a symbol of purity and enlightenment and refers to many aspects of the eightfold path."
9Conrad Fried = "Pair of Golden Fish is a symbol of tenacity, domestic felicity, and fertility."