1Enakshi Ganguly = ""Gauripatta, which is known as mark of Gauri, is the base on which the Shivling is placed in a Shiva temple. Gauri is one of the name of Goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva. In some temples, Gauri-Patta is leaf shaped. In Shiva temples, Hindu devotees pour milk over the Shivling and this pours out through the Gauripatta.While doing the circumambulation in a ShivaTemple, a devotee stops at the Gauripatta and does not complete a full circle.Gauripatta is known by different names. The name also varies from region to region. In some regions it is known as Yonipatta."Source: http://www.hindu-blog.com/2010/07/gauripatta-base-of-shivling.html"
3Enakshi Ganguly = ""Gate keeper of Shiva's abode: The close association of Shiva and Nandi explains the presence of a statue of Nandi at the gate of many temples dedicated to Shiva. It also explains why the word "nandi" in the Tamil, Kannada and Telugulanguages is used as a metaphor for a person blocking the way. InSanskrit, a bull is called vrisha, which has another connotation — that of righteousness or Dharma. It is important to seek the blessings of Nandi before proceeding to worship Lord Shiva."Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nandi_(bull)"