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Mandala of Vishnu

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1 Enakshi Ganguly = "Jayateja (active Nepal)Nepal, dated 1420PaintingsMineral pigments on cotton cloth28 3/8 x 23 3/8 in. (72.07 x 59.37 cm)From the Nasli and Alice Heeramaneck Collection, Museum Associates Purchase (M.77.19.5)South and Southeast Asian ArtSource:"
2 Enakshi Ganguly = "Art Detail Description"
3 Enakshi Ganguly = ""The word mandala itself is derived from the root manda, which means essence, to which the suffix la, meaning container, has been added. Thus, one obvious connotation of mandala is that it is a container of essence...The origin of the mandala is the center, a dot. It is a symbol apparently free of dimensions. It means a 'seed', 'sperm', 'drop', the salient starting point. It is the gathering center in which the outside energies are drawn, and in the act of drawing the forces, the devotee's own energies unfold and are also drawn. Thus it represents the outer and inner spaces. Its purpose is to remove the object-subject dichotomy. In the process, the mandala is consecrated to a deity.In its creation, a line materializes out of a dot. Other lines are drawn until they intersect, creating triangular geometrical patterns. The circle drawn around stands for the dynamic consciousness of the initiated. The outlying square symbolizes the physical world bound in four directions, represented by the four gates; and the midmost or central area is the residence of the deity. Thus the center is visualized as the essence and the circumference as grasping, thus in its complete picture a mandala means grasping the essence."Source:"