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Quetzalcoatl

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1 Sara Di Diego = "The following is the story of Quetzalcoatl's departure:"The Toltecs were so tormented by the enchantments of Tezcatlipoca that it was soon apparent to them that their fortunes were on the wane and that the end of their empire was at hand. Quetzalcoatl, chagrined at the turn things had taken, resolved to quit Tollan and go to the country of Tlapallan, whence he had come on his civilising mission to Mexico. He burned all the houses which he had built, and buried his treasure of gold and precious stones in the deep valleys between the mountains. He changed the cacao-trees into mezquites, and he ordered all the birds of rich plumage and song to quit the valley of Anahuac and to follow him to a distance of more than a hundred leagues. On the road from Tollan he discovered a great tree at a point called Quauhtitlan. There he rested, and requested his pages to hand him a mirror. Regarding himself in the polished surface, he exclaimed, "I am old," and from that circumstance the spot was named Huehuequauhtitlan (Old Quauhtitlan). Proceeding on his way accompanied by musicians who played the flute, he walked until fatigue arrested his steps, and he seated himself upon a stone, on which he left the imprint of his hands. This place is called Temacpalco (The Impress of the Hands). At Coaapan he was met by the Nahua gods, who were inimical to him and to the Toltecs."Where do you go? they asked him. "Why do you leave your capital?"I go to Tlapallan," replied Quetzalcoatl, "whence I came.""For what reason?" persisted the enchanters.My father the Sun has called me thence," replied Quetzalcoatl."Go, then, happily," they said, "but leave us the secret of your art, the secret of founding in silver, of working in precious stones and woods, of painting, and of feather-working, and other matters."But Quetzalcoatl refused, and cast all his treasures into the fountain of Cozcaapa (Water of Precious Stones). At Cochtan he was met by another enchanter, who asked him whither he was bound, and on learning his destination proffered him a draught of wine. On tasting the vintage Quetzalcoatl was overcome with sleep. Continuing his journey in the morning, the god passed between a volcano and the Sierra Nevada (Mountain of Snow), where all the pages who accompanied him died of cold. He regretted this misfortune exceedingly, and wept, lamenting their fate with most bitter tears and mournful songs. On reaching the summit of Mount Poyauhtecatl he slid to the base. Arriving at the sea-shore, he embarked upon a raft of serpents, and was wafted away toward the land of Tlapallan.It is obvious that these legends bear some resemblance to those of Ixtlilxochitl which recount the fall of the Toltecs. They are taken from Sahagun's work, Historya General de Nueva España, and are included as well for the sake of comparison as for their own intrinsic value."Work Cited:http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/mmp/mmp05.htm"
2 Sara Di Diego = "It is believed that Quetzalcoatl is an early form of a pre-Nahua people from Mexico.  He is considered an alien, who eventually had to return to the sun.  He is believed that he died when the morning star was born, as that is his heart.He is considered the God of air and the eastern light.  Thus he is associated with the cardinal points, and wears the cross that symbolizes those directions.Work Cited:http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/mmp/mmp05.htm"
3 Sara Di Diego = "When the Spanish Conquistadors came the captives of the Mayans believed them to be Quetzalcoatl's servants.  Captives would often pray to Quetzalcoatl in hopes of being set free, as he was considered their savior.Work Cited:http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/mmp/mmp05.htm"