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Translator's Word: This is a humble translation for the famous story of "Mu'tamar `Ulamá' Baghdád" which occurred at the time of the Seljuk king Malikshah I (Maliksháh Seljuqi), the son of the Seljuk king Alp Arsalan. Along in this story, the minister or Vizier as was he called, Nizam Al-Mulk, was the minister of Malikshah I and helped him to organize this event. Both of them, the king and the minister were assassinated in the same year of 1092 AD (around 485 AH in Islamic calendar). For more information about the Vizier and the king and also this story, you can refer to wikipedia. It is interesting to see that the entry in wikipedia contains 3 versions for the story of the assassination of the vizier and the king, and the last version is linked to this story which you are about to see its translation. Before proceeding in reading, it is better to see some terms: Ulema: it is used to denote religious scholars who gained a deep insight into religion and its teachings and laws. In modern language Ulema can have the same concept of "Scientists." For this reason I will use the word "Ulema" to denote religious scholars and nothing else. Ben: A term means "the son of." It was mainly used in old names and still used in some countries to tell the full name of someone. Pronunciations: " ' " : Simply, a glottal stop. " ` " : A hard glottal stop. Like the above but voiced. Á: Long vowel like in "car" or "father." Gh: Like french "R" sound. Kh: Like "CH" in "Bach" or "Loch." Ð,ð: Like "TH" in "there" [...]: These brackets to add my own comments. (PUH): Peace Upon Him. It is an expression used by Muslims for every holy person like the prophet or Jesus or the Household of prophet Mohammed. (PUT): Peace Upon Them X:Y : denotes a phrase from Quran. X is the number or order of the chapter, and Y is the number of the phrase. Translator: Taher Al-Shemaly (TJ) Kuwait February, 2007 The Conference of Ulema of Baghdad Written by Muqátil ben `Atiyyah Second Edition with corrections and important comments And on the assigned day, the king sat down and his vizier and his generals and the sunni ulema sat on his right and the shiites ulema sat on his left, and the vizier made the opening for the conference (by saying): In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful and peace be upon Mohammed and his Household and his companions, then he said: the argument should be just and asking for the truth (1): in Tabaqát Ibn Sa`ad, the second section, Part 2, page41 and in Táreekh Ibn `Asákir Part 2, page. 391 and Kanz Al-`Ummál Part 5, page 312 and Al-Kámil for Ibn Al-Atheer Part 2, page 129. (1): historians mention that `Uthmán gathered the holy books and then burnt it - to mock at it - and so did Al-Bukhári mention in his book in the section of virtues of Quran, and Al-Bayhaqi in his book [Al-Sunan] part 2, page 41, and Kanz Al-`Ummál part 1, page 281, and Al-Taháwi in Mashkal Al-Áthár part 3, page 4. And Oh my God, is the burner of the Quran deserves to be a ruler? What crime can be more awful than this? (the publisher) (1): Al-Sawá`iq Al-Muhriqah for Ibn Hijr page. 8. Al-Milal Wal-Nihal for Al-Shahrestáni and others. (1): this speech was mentioned by Al-Qawshaji, the sunni scholar in his book "Sharh Al-Tajreed." (1): sources that mention that the prophet assigned imam Ali ben Abi Tálib as a caliph are so much and some of them are: Táreekh Ibn Jurayr part 2, page 62. Kanz Al-`Ummál part 6, page392. Saheeh Al-Tarmaði and Saheeh Ibn Májah and Musnad Ahmad ben Hanbal and Mustadrak Al-Saheehayn and Tafseer Al-Rázi and Al-Sawá`iq Al-Muhriqah and other of hundreds of dependable books. (2): Mentioned by a large number of historians like: Ahmad ben Hanbal in his Musnad part 4, page281. Al-Rázi in his interpretation, and Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdádi in Táreekh Baghdád part 8, page 280, and Ibn Hijr in his book Al-Sawá`iq Al-Muhriqah page107. (1): mentioned by Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed Al-Mu`tazali in Sharh Al-Manhaj, and others The king: leave this topic and move to another. `Alawi: and then, sunnis claim about the prophet (PUH) what is not appropriate even for the normal man! `Abbási: like what? `Alawi: like claiming that the phrase (He frowned and turned away, 80:1 ) [the holy phrases continue and talk about a blind man] was revealed about the prophet! `Abbási: and what is wrong with that? `Alawi: it is wrong because God said (And lo! thou art of a tremendous nature, 68:4 ) [and in my own translation the phrase would be more like: thou art of great manners] and also (We sent thee not save as a mercy for the peoples, 21:107 ). Is it reasonable that the prophet who is described by God to be of a tremendous nature (manners) and also a mercy for the peoples, is it reasonable that he does such a inhumane thing with the faithful blind man?? The king: it is impossible that such a thing could be done by the messenger of humanity and the prophet of mercy, then `Alawi about whom these phrases were revealed? `Alawi: the correct hadiths that we have and are reported by the way of the Household of the prophet, them who Quran was revealed in their houses, all these hadiths say that it was revealed about `Uthmán ben `Affán [the third caliph], and that was when Ibn Um Maktoom [who was a blind man] met `Uthmán and `Uthmán turned back at him. Here, Sayed Jamál Al-Deen (and he is one of the shiite ulema and was in the court) said: an incident happened with me about this phrase and that was when a christian scholar said to me: our prophet Jesus is better than your prophet Mohammed, so I said: why? He said: because your prophet was ill mannered and frowned for the blind men and turns back at them, while Jesus was good mannered and healed the blind and the leper. I said: O christian, you should know that we shiites say this phrase was revealed about `Uthmán ben `Affán and not about the prophet (PUH) and our prophet was good mannered with beautiful manners, and God said about him (And lo! thou art of a tremendous nature, 68:4 ) and also (We sent thee not save as a mercy for the peoples, 21:107 ). The christian said: I heard this talk I said to you from a preacher in a mosque in Baghdad! (1): Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed Al-Mu`tazali said in Sharh Nahj Al-Balaghah part 2, page77: everyone who wrote history and made classifications about it mentioned that `Á'ishah was one of the fiercest people over `Uthmán  and she got one of the prophet's shirts and made a stand for it in her house and used to say to whoever comes in: this is the shirt of the prophet did not decay and `Uthmán made his own clothes decay. (1): Historians mentioned that `Uthmán gave `Abdullah ben Khálid ben Usayd 400,000 dirham, and Al-Hakam ben Al-`Ás -who was deported by the prophet- 100,000 dirham, and gave the land of Fadak to Marwán ben Al-Hakam, and the land of Fadak was for Fatima [the daughter of the prophet] but it was taken by force by Abu-Bakr and `Umar, and then it was given by `Uthmán to Marwán - and also gave `Abdullah ben Ubay the fifth of Africa in the same day that he gave Marwán 100,000 dirham, and all of that was out of the treasury of muslims. Get back to the details in Sharh Nahj Al-Balaghah for Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed Al-Mu`tazali part 1, to find the details. (the publisher) (1): mentioned by Al-Khateeb Al-Khawárizmi in the book of Al-Manáqib page76, and mentioned by Ibn Hasnaweh and mentioned by Al-Qandoozi in his book Yanabee` Al-Mawaddah page130, and lot of other great ulema of sunnis. (2): Kanz Al-`Ummál Hadith #1213, and others. (3): Kanz Al-`Ummál Hadith # 1152, and Al-Sawá`iq page75 and Mustadrak Al-Hákim page124. The king (surprised): is all what `Alawi said true? and here the vizier went silent and didn't say a thing, and `Abbási went silent and didn't say a thing. What shall they say? Would they say the truth? Does Satan allow them to admit the truth? Does the soul who orders with badness allow itself to be under the truth? Do you think admitting the truth is an easy task? No... it is a hard thing, because it requires neglecting racism (1): Táreekh Baghdád part 14, page321, and Al-Háfidh Al-Haythami in Majma` Al-Zawá'id part 7, page236, and Ibn Qutaybah in Al-Imámah Wal-Siyásah part 1, page68 and Mustadrak Al-Hákim part 3, page125, and Jámi` Al-Tarmaði part 2, page213 and others. (publisher) (1): Saheeh Al-Bukhári about the interpretation of God's saying (Nothing of our revelation (even a single verse) do we abrogate or cause be forgotten... 2:106 ), and Tabaqát Ibn Sa`d part 6, page102, and Al-Istee`áb part 1, page8, and part 2, page461, and Hilyat Al-Awliyá' part 1, page65, and lot of others. (2): Mustadrak Al-Hákim part 3, page126, Táreekh Baghdád part 4, page348, and Asad Al-Ghábah part 4, page22, Kanz Al-`Ummál part 6, page152, and Tahðeeb Al-Tahðeeb for Ibn Hijr part 6, page 320, and others. (3): Nahj Al-Balaghah (1) Al-Hákim fi Al-Mustadrak, Kitáb Al-Salát part 1, page358, Al-Istee`áb part 3, page39, and Manáqib Al-Khawárizmi page48, and Taðkirat Al-Sibt page87, and Tafseer Al-Naysáboori in the interpretation of Surat Al-Ahqáf [that is Quran, chapter 46] and others. (2): Taðkirat Al-Sibt page87, Manáqib Al-Khawárizmi page60, and Faydhul-Qadeer part 4, page357. (1): Tabaqát In Sa`d part 3, section 1, page129, and Táreekh Ibn Jurayr  part 2 page 440, and Al-Imámah Wal-Siyásah for Ibn Qutaybah page6, and others. (the publisher) (1): as reported from imam Ali ben Abi Tálib (PUH) that he said: if it was not for `Umar banning Mut`ah, then no one would commit adultery except of the unblest. (1): Al-Fakhr Al-Rázi in Niháyat Al-`Uqool page104, Mustadrak Al-Hákim part 3, page32, Táreekh Baghdád part 3, page19, Al-Ðahabi in Talkhees Al-Mustadrak part 3, page32, Arjah Al-Matálib page481. (1): of them: Abu Al-Fidá' in his history part 1, page158, and Al-Tabari in his history part 3, page241, and Ibn Al-Atheer in his history part 3, page149, and Ibn `Asákir in his history part 5, page105, and Ibn Katheer part 6, page321, and others. (1): Al-Hákim fil-Mustadrak part 2, page623, Sharh Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed part 3, page313, and Táreekh Ibn Katheer part 3, page87, and Sharh Al-Bukhári for Al-Qastalani part 2, page227, and Al-Seerah Al-Halabiyyah part 1, page125, and lot of others. (the publisher) (1) Kitáb Al-Saqeefah for Abu-Bakr Al-Jawhari and Al-Imámah wal-Siyásah for Ibn Qutaybah, and Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed in Sharh Nahj Al-Balaghah part 2, page19. (the publisher) (1) Saheeh Al-Bukhári, kitáb Al-Khums, hadith #2. In it also in the section of Khaybar invasion and in Kitáb Al-Fará'idh, and Saheeh Al-Tirmiði part 1, section of what is left of the inheritance of the prophet of God. Mustadrak Al-Saheehayn part 3, page153. Meezán Al-I`tidál part 2, page72. Kanz Al-`Ummál part 6, page219, and others. (the publisher) (1): Fadak is a name for a land between Medina and Khaybar and it was owned by the prophet and he gave it to his daughter Fatima (PUH). (1): Al-Haythami in his book part 9, page39. Al-Imámah wal-Siyásah and Sharh Nahj Al-Balaghah for Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed and others. (the publisher) (1): 20 hadith from the prophet (PUH) were mentioned with the names of the twelve successors, by the way of sunni books, some of them: Fawá'id Al-Simtayn part 4. Taðkirat Ibn Al-Jawzi page378, Yanabee` Al-Mawaddah page442, Al-Arba`een for Al-Háfidh Abu Muhammad ben Abi Al-Fawáris, Maqtal Al-Husayn for Abi Al-Mu'ayyad, Minháj Al-Fadhileen page239, Durar Al-Simtayn, and others. (the publisher) (1): many sources for that, like: Al-Maláhim Wal-Fitan, section 19. `Aqd Al-Durar, hadith #26. Yanabee` Al-Mawaddah page491. Taðkirat Al-Khawás section 6. Hilyat Al-Awliyá'. Arjah Al-Matálib page378. Ðakhá'ir Al-`Uqbá for Al-Sháfi`i. (1) Saheeh Al-Bukhári, section of Taráweeh prayer, Al-Sawá`iq, and Al-Qastaláni said in the book of Irshád Al-Sári fi Sharh Saheeh Al-Bukhári part 5, page4, when he reached `Umar saying (what a good innovation is this): he called it an innovation because the prophet of God did not assign it and it was not there at the time of Abu-Bakr and it was not at the beginning of the night and not in that much [meaning not that much rak`as, or the number of bows done by the prayer while he prays]. I say: yes, the caliph of muslims (!) innovate in religion - congratulations -. (1) Al-Qawshaji mentioned and he is one of the greatest sunni ulema that `Umar said: three were at the time of the prophet and I ban them and punish for them: Mut`ah marriage, and Hajj Al-Tamattu` and (come to the best of works), and imam Málik [a sunni scholar who established a sub-school] said in Al-Mawte' that he got tidings saying that the caller for the pray came to `Umar ben Al-Khattáb to tell him that morning prayer is up and he found him asleep, so he said to him: praying is better than sleeping, so `Umar ordered him to make it part of the call to the morning prayer! I say: oh my God, is `Umar allowed to add and drop from the call to the prayer -which is a part of the religion- by his own desires and thought? (the publisher) (1): Al-Imám Al-Sádiq wal-Maðáhib Al-Arba`ah, Táreekh Baghdád, and others. (1): sources: Al-Háfidh Al-Naysáboori in his Saheeh part 8, page108. Yanabee` Al-Mawaddah page117. Nafahát Al-Láhoot page3. Saheeh Muslim, and others. Thus, most of the ulema and the ministers and the generals who attended in the court (and they counted almost as 70) got into the creed of shiites. The tidings of the turning of the king and the vizier Nizam Al-Mulk and the ministers and the generals and the writers into shiites, reached all the lands, and many people got into the creed of shiites, and Nizam Al-Mulk ordered - and he is the father of my wife - that teachers should teach the creed of shiites in Nizamiyyah schools in Baghdad! the vizier Nizam Al-Mulk was a pearl so dear made by the merciful from honor so dear and days did not know its value so He for jealousy turned it back to the shell he chose the creed of right in a debate that showed the truth in an obvious clue the creed of shiites is a truth with no false and everything else is just a mirage with a false portiere but a deep envy they moved for him and the full moon of the night remained in an eclipsed shade upon him shall be a thousand peace from God that follow that are read over his soul in the eternity and the houses (of paradise) That, and I was an attendant in the court and the debate, and I've recorded everything that happened in the court, but I've canceled additions, and made the story short in this book. And thank be to God alone, and peace be upon Muhammad and his good Household and his true followers. I wrote it in Baghdad in Nizamiyyah school. Muqátil ben `Atiyyah  

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1 Sara Di Diego = "Malikshah Seljuqi was the slutan of the Seljuk empire from 1072-1092.  There are mysteries surrounding his death concerning who poisoned him, either followers of Nizam Al-Mulk or the Caliph.Work Cited:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malik-Shah_I"
2 Sara Di Diego = "'Uthman was a companion of prophet Muhammad.  He was also Muhammad's son-in-law twice, as he married two of the Prophet's daughters.Work Cited:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uthman"
3 Sara Di Diego = "This is a book written by Ibn Hajar Al-Hayetami regarding how to send greetings upon Prophet Muhammad.  It is considered a severe attack against the Shi'ites.Work cited:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Sawa%27iq_al-Muhriqah"