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Chapter VI Hatsuyuki (Early Snow), The Noh Plays Of Japan

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(EARLY SNOW) By KOPARU ZEMBŌ MOTOYASU(1453-1532). PERSONS EVENING MIST, a servant girl. A LADY, the Abbot's daughter. TWO NOBLE LADIES. THE SOUL OF THE BIRD HATSUYUKI ("Early Snow"). CHORUS. SCENE: The Great Temple at Izumo. SERVANT. I am a servant at the Nyoroku Shrine in the Great Temple of Izumo. My name is Evening Mist. You must know that the Lord Abbot has a daughter, a beautiful lady and gentle as can be. And she keeps a tame bird that was given her a year ago, and because it was a lovely white bird she called it Hatsuyuki, Early Snow; and she loves it dearly. I have not seen the bird to-day. I think I will go to the bird-cage and have a look at it. (She, goes to the cage.) Mercy on us, the bird is not there! Whatever shall I say to my lady? But I shall have to tell her. I think I'll tell her now. Madam, madam, your dear Snow-bird is not here! LADY. What is that you say? Early Snow is not there? It cannot be true. (She goes to the cage.) It is true. Early Snow has gone! How can that be? How can it be that my pretty one that was so tame should vanish and leave no trace? Oh bitterness of snows That melt and disappear! Now do I understand The meaning of a midnight dream That lately broke my rest. A harbinger it was Of Hatsuyuki's fate. (She bursts into tears.) CHORUS. Though for such tears and sighs There be no cause, Yet came her grief so suddenly, Her heart's fire is ablaze; And all the while Never a moment are her long sleeves dry. They say that written letters first were traced By feet of birds in sand Yet Hatsuyuki leaves no testament. (They mourn.) CHORUS ("kuse" chant, irregular verse accompanied by dancing). How sad to call to mind When first it left the breeding-cage So fair of form And coloured white as snow. We called it Hatsuyuki, "Year's First Snow." And where our mistress walked It followed like a shadow at her side. But now alas! it is a bird of parting 1 Though not in Love's dark lane. LADY. There's no help now. (She weeps bitterly.) CHORUS. Still there is one way left. Stop weeping, Lady, And turn your heart to him who vowed to hear. The Lord Amida, if a prayer be said-- Who knows but he can bring Even a bird's soul into Paradise And set it on the Lotus Pedestal? 1 LADY. Evening Mist, are you not sad that Hatsuyuki has gone? . . . But we must not cry any more. Let us call together the noble ladies of this place and for seven days sit with them praying behind barred doors. Go now and do my bidding. (EVENING MIST fetches the NOBLE LADIES of the place). TWO NOBLE LADIES (together). A solemn Mass we sing A dirge for the Dead; At this hour of heart-cleansing We beat on Buddha's gong. (They pray.) NAMU AMIDA BUTSU NAMU NYORAI Praise to Amida Buddha, Praise to Mida our Saviour! (The prayers and gong-beating last for some time and form the central ballet of the play.) CHORUS (the birds soul appears as a white speck in the sky). Look! Look! A cloud in the clear mid-sky! But it is not a cloud. With pure white wings beating the air The Snow-bird comes! Flying towards our lady Lovingly he hovers, Dances before her. THE BIRD'S SOUL. Drawn by the merit of your prayers and songs CHORUS. Straightway he was reborn in Paradise. By the pond of Eight Virtues he walks abroad: With the Phœnix and Fugan his playtime passing. He lodges in the sevenfold summit of the trees of Heaven. No hurt shall harm him For ever and ever. Now like the tasselled doves we loose From battlements on holy days A little while he flutters; Flutters a little while and then is gone We know not where.   204:1 "Wakare no tori," the bird which warns lovers of the approach of day. 205:1 Turn it into a Buddha.

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1 Sara Di Diego = "This is an example of Noh theatre, one of the oldest types of theatre in the world.  Instead of performers acting out the story as they do in Western theatre, performs are simply storytellers who use their bodies to suggest the essence of the story."nō" means "talent" or "skill".Work Cited:http://www.britannica.com/art/Noh-theatre"
2 Sara Di Diego = "This refers to the temple, Izumo-taisha.  This temple is one of the oldest and most important Shinto shrines in Japan.  It is dedicated to Ōkuninushi-no-mikoto the shinto kami of marriage.Work Cited:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/Izumo-taisha_121538651_f69f257ed0_o.jpghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izumo-taisha"