Mormonism isn’t like a string of Christmas lights

Religious traditions are subject to corruption. But they are also susceptible to producing goodness.

My childhood memories of decorating the family Christmas tree include a growing appreciation of the fine line between delight and disillusion.

Each year, we took the strands of colored lights out of their boxes, wound them around the tree, and held our breath as we plugged them in. Would the lights spring to life, or would a single broken light condemn the whole string to sullen darkness?

Some people feel the same way about faith.

A recent article on titled “But I’m a good Mormon wife” gives a poignant account of the unraveling of a Mormon woman’s faith as she confronted various details of her church’s history for the first time. “If Joseph Smith was a fraud-then what did that make the Church?” she asks. A chorus of comments following the article congratulated her for reasoning her way out of religion.

I don’t criticize her decision to leave Mormonism, but I have to disagree with the article’s implicit conclusion that leaving Mormonism-or indeed any religious tradition-is the only logical choice for a rational, educated person.

The logic behind this loss of faith — Joseph Smith was a fraud, therefore the religion that he founded is bogus, and one’s entire experience as a Mormon is bogus — is actually just the reverse of how many Mormons approach their faith. If the Book of Mormon is true, the thinking goes, then everything Joseph Smith did or said was divinely inspired. And if Joseph Smith was divinely inspired in everything, then everything about the church is just how God wants it.

I am an active Mormon and I love my church. At the same time, I can empathize with the disillusionment felt by those who investigate Mormon history for the first time after having been exposed only to sanitized versions of church history.

If a person looks at faith like a string of Christmas lights, they demand that “light” leap from one point to another along a single string of connections. If one junction along the string is flawed, then the whole string is dysfunctional. Or, if the whole string is functional, then every single junction must be perfect.

Here’s the problem with the Christmas-light view of religion: it’s too easily manufactured and too easily broken. As a young girl in Sunday School, just hearing tear-jerking stories about hardy Mormon pioneer women pushing handcarts across the Great Plains filled me with religious certitude. Surely, I thought, the pioneers would not have suffered for something that wasn’t true.

The other side of the the Christmas-light perspective also makes it easy to discredit an entire faith tradition. All you have to do is knock out a single light, and kaplooey-the whole tradition is dysfunctional, bogus, and unworthy of the loyalty of intelligent people.

Human flaws are painfully apparent throughout the history of every major religious tradition — including Mormonism — but that doesn’t negate the experience, motives, or morals of all Catholics, Anglicans, Buddhists, Jews, Muslims — or Mormons.

I have encountered both the humanness and the divinity of religious traditions in my own life. I have studied Mormon history and I am just as certain that early leaders such as Joseph Smith were imperfect individuals who on occasion made serious and damaging missteps as I am certain that Joseph Smith was indeed inspired in founding The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, with its rich doctrines and bold avenues of sacred experience.

In instances too numerous to describe, I have experienced what Mormons refer to as the influence of the Holy Spirit-sometimes in the form of a profound, transformative empathy, sometimes in the deep impression that Christ’s grace mattered and was real to me. Sometimes it was as simple as the desire to do better and to be good. I value these experiences, and the religious tradition within which I interpret them, with both my heart and mind.

So if the Christmas lights approach to faith doesn’t work, we need something else. Something like sourdough bread.

I bake our family’s bread with a sourdough starter that-according to tradition, at least-came across the plains with the Mormon pioneers. Artisan sourdough bread with a golden crust that crackles and a creamy interior with large, irregular holes and complex flavors doesn’t just happen. Enzymes must work to break apart tasteless starch molecules in the raw flour so that the wild yeasts can feed on simple sugars and create bubbles of carbon dioxide that stretch strands of gluten. Strains of bacteria compete for dominance in creating an acidic environment.

From start to finish, it’s all a process of fermentation-what we would normally call “food going bad.” It begins with the starter, an unruly colony of wild yeasts and bacteria swimming together in starchy soup. There is nothing lovely or pure about sourdough starter. Its exuberance makes it sour on the verge of stinky, fermented bordering on decayed. Yet, when introduced into a properly balanced supply of flour, water and salt, the starter is a catalyst for building a complex, living community that results in heavenly bread.

Religious traditions, like sourdough, are complex, living things. They are both organization and organism, created and sustained from many different processes and actors, shaped by time and their environment. They even can be naturally subject to corruption.

And yet they are also susceptible — through this same process of leavening — to producing goodness. Appreciating this goodness, and engaging productively with the complex processes that create it, is a project of intellect, not ignorance.

Melissa Wei-Tsing Inouye holds a Ph.D. from Harvard University in East Asian Languages and Civilizations. She currently lives in Hong Kong, where she is writing a book on the history of the True Jesus Church and Protestant Christianity in China.

  • coltakashi93

    Melissa, thank you for your thoughtful essay. I served as a missionary in Japan with a Jay Inouye and was wondering if you might be related.

    I think many of the people who provide the usual critical comments about Mormonism here are even asking themselves the basic question: How is it that an Asian American with a PhD is a believing Mormon? Critics of Mormons like to caricature us as ignorant rubes. They think that Mormons are just blonde people. The shallowness of their perceptions about Mormons demonstrates how little they know about what we believe. If they can’t get the obvious facts, how can they understand those that require actual study?

    One of the obvious facts about Mormons that critics don’t understand is our diversity. They don’t understand that most Mormons live in 150 nations putside the US and speak 96 languages. They don’t understand that almost half of Mormons are in Mexico, Braxil and other nations of Latin America, including many American Indians and people with African ancestry. They don’t know thete are 200,000 black Mormons in the US and 400,000 Mormons in African nations like Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria and Ghana. They don’t know thete are hundteds of thousands of Mormons in Asia, from Mongolia to Hong Kong, and that Mormons make up 25% of Samoa and 33% of Tonga.

    Critics don’t understand that Mormons are just as educated as the test of the US population, and is slightly overrepresented in academia. They don’t understand that Mormon leaders are not professional clergy with divinity degrees, but are achievers as attorneys, university presidents with degrees in organizational management and history, medical doctors, nuclear engineers, publishers, and leaders in business, such as the former VP for flight operations of Lufthansa. They are hard headed intelligent people who can hold their own in any forum.

    Mormonism is not for sissies. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints challenges people, including those who grow up in the church, to examine its teachings carefully and test them in their own lives to see if they are fruitful. It invites all to ask God in faithful prayer for a personal revelation as to the truth of the Restoration of Christ’ s original church to the earth. The strength of Mormonism is that personal connection to the reality of the divine that transforms each family into a microcosm of the church and its ultimate destiny as part of God’s family.

    You can meet many other Mormons, each a unique individual, at I am there, a Japanese-American attorney and Air Force veteran. Better yet, ypu can find out whete the Mormons meet in your neighborhood and slip in to observe how they worship and how they treat their families and neighbors.

  • fkratzor1

    In my brief experience into parts of the CJCLDS, one thing that has started to become clear are the numbers of apostate sites and blogs and the effort these people have put forth to aggregate information about “the other side” of the Mormon belief system. It is fascinating reading. I was particulary interested in discovering a recent letter written by Daniel C. Peterson of the Maxwell Institute who as a longtime apologist, apparently has had some internal conflict with the leadership, and resigned or was terminated from a position there. From what I gather, Mr. Peterson has been an eminent scholar within the church.

    And so I wonder. If the secrets revealed by Joseph Smith to his original followers is true and without question, then why in the world would there be such animosity toward this church by people who were once committed followers of the faith? Why would anyone ever want to leave an eternity of bliss and repose?

  • Kent French


    That is a very good question. It’s usually some sin they have committed or some point of doctrine that for some reason offends them. It’s like they have a burr in their saddle and they can’t get rid of it. My experience is that it is mainly a pride thing, and they don’t want to admit they are wrong, therefore they try to prove the Church wrong. In the Book of Mormon there are cases where Satan traped and ensnared them into believing they were serving God, and that could be the case today for some as well. By their venom (hate) ye shall know them.

    Have you noticed for all intents and purposes it’s just our Church that is being attacked?. That’s a sign it comes from the evil one.