Muslim women and the Olympics: Historic firsts

Jae C. Hong AP Actors perform in a sequence meant to represent Britain’s National Health Service (NHS) perform during the … Continued

Jae C. Hong


Actors perform in a sequence meant to represent Britain’s National Health Service (NHS) perform during the Opening Ceremony at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Friday, July 27, 2012, in London. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)

Though it just started, the London Olympics already holds a series of historic firsts, especially for Muslims and women around the world.

To begin with, the organizers’ aim to make the Games the first “green games,” developed with the goal of environmentally friendly and sustainable construction. Muslim women have held pivotal roles in bringing this goal to fruition. Of note are Zaha Hadid and Saphina Sharif. Sharif, a civil engineer, was an on-site director ensuring that the clearance of the Olympic Park site pre-construction met the ‘zero-waste games’ goal.

Hadid, a British Muslim and the first woman architect to win the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize —the equivalent of the Nobel Prize in architecture—is the designer of the acclaimed London Aquatics Center for the games – a ‘Pringles chip’ looking building, by far the most beautiful building in the park.

The Games are also the first, since the Moscow games in 1980, to coincide with Ramadan, the Muslim holy month where the faithful abstain from food and drink daily from dawn until dusk, which in London’s humid summer this year means a fast of approximately 17 hours a day for each of the Games’ 17 days.

Despite the spiritual and physical challenges presented with the timing, this year marks the highest participation of Muslims athletes. With the over 3,000 Muslim athletes, a third of all participating Olympians are of the Islamic faith. And Muslim representation at the Olympics will not be limited to Muslim nations; for example, at least two Muslim athletes will be representing the United Kingdom as firsts in their respective sports.

View Photo Gallery: The world’s top athletes converge on London, bringing their religious beliefs with them. From the demands (and accommodations) of Ramadan, to an American running for the faith, a look at God and the games.

The opening ceremony paid homage to the United Kingdom’s vibrant South Asian community with a Punjabi production from iconic Muslim composer A.R. Rahman, making this the first time Punjabi bhangra may be a part of the entertainment at an Olympics opening ceremony.

And the news that has media abuzz is that this will be the first time Saudi Arabia has permitted female athletes to participate and will thus, include two women on their team. Perhaps lesser known is that Brunei and Qatar will also send a combined five female athletes for the first time. Thus, making the London games the first time women are included on the teams of all the countries participating.

Among other Muslim nations, the United Arab Emirates and Iran will also send women athletes to participate in weight-lifting and table tennis, respectively. Pakistan will send a female swimmer and a runner. With women’s boxing being held for the first time the Olympics, Afghanistan will send its first female boxer, Sadaf Rahimi. Algeria and Turkey will both send women’s indoor volleyball teams, making two out of the twelve national indoor volleyball teams qualify from Muslim majority nations. Egypt, despite its political instability, will send thirty-four female athletes, the largest delegation it has ever sent, and it seems, the largest any Muslim nation has sent, yet. Even Palestine, with its five-member team, boasts two women athletes.

In all likeliness Malaysia’s shooter, Nur Suryani Mohamed Taibi, will stand out not just as a woman from a Muslim nation, but as possibly the most pregnant athlete to compete, as she is expected to give birth any day now.

Some are dubbing these developments as the so-called rise of the Arab female athlete or even, the rise of the Muslim female athlete. Earlier this month Vanity Fair featured stunning highlights from “Hey’Ya: Arab Women in Sport,” an exhibit by the magazine’s photographer Brigette Lacombe and her sister, Marian Lacombe, a documentary filmmaker. The breathtaking photographs offer a glimpse at women in the Middle East in stark contrast to how we usually see them depicted in the media—active, athletic and glamorous, with no signs of the ominous burqa.

Nevertheless, with stories such as the Saudi Arabia flip-flop on its female athlete ban dominating the news it is easy to see how shocking such visuals of Arab women can be and why it seems this is the rise of the Arab and Muslim female athlete rather than this is the rise of the recognition of the Arab and Muslim female athlete.

In recent years we have seen gradual recognition not only by governments succumbing to political pressure and pop culture expanding its collective imagination but also officially, by athletic organizations such as IOC and FIFA, both of which started to accept athletic hijabs. Though there are specific Olympic competition chairs who still claim the hijab is a hindrance to athletes. Currently, one of Saudi’s two female athletes, judo competitor Wojdan Ali Seraj Abdulrahim Shahkhani, is negotiating being able to compete with a sports-hijab.

The challenge remains for women to go from token recognition in their fields to bona fide acceptance.

Many of the Muslim female athletes who made it this year, did so without official sponsorship and trained in subpar facilities. Some are not considered valuable to their country’s athletic programs or are not allowed to compete within their home nation’s borders because of restrictions on gender mixing and the politicization of the concept of modest attire. Both women representing Saudi Arabia, for example, train outside of the kingdom’s borders; Sarah Attar, who will compete in the 800-meters is actually an American who holds dual citizenship because her father is Saudi Arabian. Some, like Rahimi, represent defiance to decades of strictly interpreted religious tradition and gender stereotypes.

Beyond athletes in conservative Muslim nations, even 62-year-old Iraqi-born Hadid is still viewed as an outsider in the British architect community. Despite her groundbreaking designs and worldwide recognition, she says neither she nor her members of team received an invite to any of the events at the London Aquatic Center.

View Photo Gallery: Britain greeted the world with an extravagant celebration that includes Bond, the Bard and a Beatle — and its jubilee queen.

One can only wonder, though, despite the ongoing challenges, what all these firsts will mean for the generations of young Muslim girls watching the games—the ones who will, for the first time, hear music and see dance previously reserved only for family occasions; see women athletes with names and faces like theirs, some in hijab, some without; and hear the names of the Olympic Park’s prominent designers—and will be inspired to achieve even more.

Nadia Mohammad is an assistant editor of AltMuslimah.

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  • GaryRumain

    Why is this a big deal? WaPo should be asking where are all the sharmutas and not marveling at the two or three token sharmutas.

  • Rongoklunk

    I hear the Afghanistan Girls volleyball team will play in the new lightweight burkas, which have clearer screens and stop just below the knee. Kinky!


    Wow, muslim women get to behave like real human women. That’s gotta be a first.

  • aby

    It is a shame to learn that every bit of advancement in the rights of women in Muslim societies was achieved against the stiff resisstance of those who consider themselves the guardians of “the true Islam”. It is also disheartening that many of the “rights” earned by Muslim women in in the early twentieth Century in countries like Turkey and Egypt are being reversed at the present.

  • shalshah

    This is a non-story. It is only a story because Muslim women are supressed and oppressed. why would one be a part of such an oppressive faith?


    They’re getting reversed right here in the good ole USA too, don’t you worry.

  • oneofssn

    They really did the good job to reach these women. I was watching the Women’s 100m heat with the Afhanistan woman run with all the body coverred. Could not believe she lagged behind so much. The score? 14.47Second and it was her personal best. Only half second faster than me. I was the second fastest girl WITHIN my class with 20 girls. Never run beyond my own school !!!!! I was a lot shorter Chinese girl back then 5’3″.
    A lot of girls can move there to qualify Olympics.