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A seemingly minor difference in the wording of this simple text had a profound impact on European history. The Nicene Creed, or Symbol of Faith, was written by the First Ecumenical Council at Nicaea in 325 C.E., with additions (the 3rd paragraph and following) by the first Council of Constantinople (381). There is an unresolved controversy over the words 'and the Son' (in Latin filioque). This language was added in 587 by the local council of Toledo, Spain, in an attempt to combat the Arian heresy. Pope Leo III (795-816) forbade the use of the filioque version and had it engraved without 'and the Son' on the walls of St. Peter's Basillica. After a failed attempt to unite by marriage Charlemagne's Frankish holdings with that of the Byzantine Empress, Charlemagne challenged Byzantinium's claim of universal jurisdiction as the successor to Rome by claiming in 792 that among other things, that the Byzantines had omitted the filioque from the original text. The filioque was finally accepted by the Romans in the year 1014, and the revision has been part of Catholic doctrine ever since. The "filioque," the significance of Roman primacy, and geo-political conflict led to the the Great Schism of 1053. To this day, the Eastern Orthodox Churches do not accept the filioque and raise this as one of many reasons that prevent re-unification with the Roman Catholic Church. I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds; God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God; begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made. Who, for us men for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made man; and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures; and ascended into heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father; and He shall come again, with glory, to judge the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end. And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life; who proceeds from the Father and the Son; who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spoke by the prophets. And I believe one holy catholic and apostolic Church. I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen. A reader contributed the following version of the Nicene Creed from a contemporary Catholic missal. We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseen. We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, one in Being with the Father. Through him all things were made. For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven: by the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he suffered, died, and was buried. On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end. We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son. With the Father and the Son he is worshiped and glorified. He has spoken through the Prophets. We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.

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1 Shawn Bose = "The most used profession of faith within Christianity.  It was necessary for the Church to come together and bring organization to the creed at this time in the Roman world. Constantine had won power over the Empire during the Battle of the Milvian Bridge in 331 CE - during which time he embraced Christianity and adopted the Chi Ro as the symbol of his power. Under his reign, the Christian Bishops were seizing temporal power as well and needed a way to unify the Christians and their beleifs as to adapt the religiosity to one that would become the official faith of the entire Empire."
2 Jesse James DeConto = "You can expect to recite the Nicene Creed as part of weekly worship at most Catholic, Orthodox and mainline Protestant churches. It has been the basic statement of Christian belief since the 4th century. If a congregation reads an historic creed in worship, it is probably the Nicene Creed, or possibly the Apostles' Creed, an older statement of faith that some historians attribute back to the Apostles themselves. In any case, the Apostles' Creed is a short summary of the Gospel story itself, whereas the Nicene Council 300 years later put flesh on that skeleton in order to emphasize the divinity of both Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit within the divine Trinity. The origins and development of the Nicene Creed were both theological and political. The bishops were trying to stave off the teachings of Arius, a church elder who cast Christ as a created being, rather a part of the eternal deity. Thus the creed describes the Son as "eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father. Through him all things were made." This is one of the passages that helps to make the Nicene Creed nearly twice as long as the Apostles', and it exists in order to address the Arian heresy. Another of those longer passages concerns the Holy Ghost. The Apostles' Creed mentions the Spirit only as the source of Jesus' conception in Mary's womb. Nicaea took it much further, raising up the Spirit as the source of life and prophesy, an object of worship along with the Father and the Son. Nicaea's Spirit theology has been the source of ongoing conflict. The West's version insists the Spirit "proceeds from the Father and the Son." In Latin those three words are known as the filioque.The Orthodox version says the Spirit proceeds only from the Father. That difference in defining the relations within the Trinity is one of the reason the East and West remain divided.The Nicene Creed grew up in controversy, and some of that division persists. Yet when it comes to the Creed, Christian churches share much more in common than in conflict. Most of the Nicene theology is the same across communions and continents. With or without the filioque, the Nicene Creed is the most tried and true expression of Trinitarian theology. It functions as a document that binds Christians around the world. "
3 Jeff Smith = "Here is a video of the Nicene Creed being recited at St. David's Episcopal Church in Austin, TX."
4 James Oppenheimer = "It is interesting that this article, while discussing the filioque problem, does not explain what it is.Filioque means "and [the] son".  It is in the reference to the Holy Spirit.The original creed says "I believe in the holy spirit, who proceeds from the father." With the filioque added, the sentence becomes, "I believe in the holy spirit, who proceeds from the father and the son."Since none of us has actually been able to get an interview with God, I'm pretty sure we do not know the inner workings of God, so it is difficult for me to take seriously the idea that we can know just how one person interacts with another in the Godhead. At the end of the day, it seems to me, either language is utter speculation, and not worth the clamor."
5 Sarah R = "Consider:4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 5 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. 6 These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts. 7 Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. 8 Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. 9 Write them on the door frames of your houses and on your gates. - Deuteronomy 6:4-9"
6 Sarah R = "This doctrine was established early in the church. See: https://www.deily.org/commentary/earliest-christian-creed-1-corinthians-153-8 "
7 Sarah R = "The doctrine of the Trinity, while not explicit in the Bible, is strongly supported. The Bible is clear there is only one God (Dt. 6:4, 37:39; Is. 45:14, 46:9; others). Yet we see that God the Father (John 6:27; 1 Peter 1:2), Jesus Christ the Son (John 20:28; Matthew 9:4), and the Holy Spirit (Acts 5:3-4; 1 Corinthians 2:10) are all ascribed deity qualities. The conclusion reached by most theologians therefore is that we have one God who makes Himself known through three personifications."
8 James Oppenheimer = "This is the standard form of the Creed used in several denominations. It is the product of the International Consultation on English Texts (ICET), which formed in 1969, and produced translations of most of the core Christian documents in 1975. Its suggested texts, in addition to being rendered in today's English instead of some archaic form, are careful, nuanced translations. Read all about it:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Language_Liturgical_Consultation"
9 James Oppenheimer = "Since the Creeds begin "Credo," which means literally "I believe," why does ICET settle on the plural?Because the Creeds doe not state what a person believes; the creeds state what the Church as a Community believes. Therefore, it is essential to state not "I believe," but "we believe."  Also, this language is healing! A person will, from time to time, not agree with one or more (or any?) of the statements of the Creed. Yet the person is asked to continue to recite the Creed at each service. If the wording was "I believe," the person might be led to feel hypocritical, whereas the wording "We believe" reminds them this is what the Community of the Church affirms. You could say that when we do not really believe part of the Creed, the Community stands in for us, and believes it for us until we are again able to affirm it.And who has not been in the Valley of the Shadow of Doubt?"
10 James Oppenheimer = "The text originally was "...proceeds from the Father." The word filioque (Feel-ee-OH-quay), meaning "and [the] son" was added.See how it utterly changes the meaning?Neither do I. "