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Sura XIII Rad Or Thunder In The Holy Quran

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The Holy Quran, tr. by Yusuf Ali, [1934] In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 1. A. L. M. R. These are The Signs (or Verses) Of the Book: that which Hath been revealed unto thee From thy Lord is the Truth; But most men believe not. 2. God is He Who raised The heavens without any pillars That ye can see; is firmly Established on the Throne (of Authority); He has subjected the sun And the moon (to his Law)! Each one runs (its course) For a term appointed. He doth regulate all affairs, Explaining the Signs in detail, That ye may believe with certainty In the meeting with your Lord. 3. And it is He Who spread out The earth, and set thereon Mountains standing firm, And (flowing) rivers: and fruit Of every kind He made In pairs, two and two: He draweth the Night as a veil O'er the Day. Behold, verily In these things there are Signs For those who consider! 4. And in the earth are tracts (Diverse though) neighbouring, And gardens of vines And fields sown with corn, And palm trees—growing Out of single roots or otherwise: Watered with the same water, Yet some of them We make More excellent than others to eat. Behold, verily in these things There are Signs for those Who understand! 5. If thou dost marvel (At their want of faith), Strange is their saying: "When we are (actually) dust, Shall we indeed then be In a creation renewed?" They are Those who deny their Lord! They Are those round whose necks Will be yokes (of servitude): They will be Companions Of the Fire, to dwell therein (For aye)! 6. They ask thee to hasten on The evil in preference to the good: Yet have come to pass, Before them, (many) exemplary Punishments! But verily Thy Lord is full of forgiveness For mankind for their wrong-doing, And verily thy Lord Is (also) strict in punishment. 7. And the Unbelievers say: "Why is not a Sign sent down To him from his Lord? But thou art truly A warner, and to every people A guide. 8. God doth know what Every female (womb) doth bear, By how much the wombs Fall short (of their time Or number) or do exceed. Every single thing is before His sight, in (due) proportion. 9. He knoweth the Unseen And that which is open: He is the Great, The most High. 10. It is the same (to Him) Whether any of you Conceal his speech or Declare it openly; Whether he lie hid by night Or walk forth freely by day. 11. For each (such person) There are (angels) in succession, Before and behind him: They guard him by command Of God. Verily never Will God change the condition Of a people until they Change it themselves (With their own souls). But when (once) God willeth A people's punishment, There can be no Turning it back, nor Will they find, besides Him, Any to protect 12. It is He Who doth show you The lightning, by way Both of fear and of hope: It is He Who doth raise up The clouds, heavy With (fertilising) rain! 13. Nay, thunder repeateth His praises, And so do the angels, with awe: He flingeth the loud-voiced Thunder-bolts, and therewith He striketh whomsoever He will… Yet these (are the men) Who (dare to) dispute About God, with the strength Of His power (supreme)! 14. For Him (alone) is prayer In Truth: any others that they Call upon besides Him hear them No more than if they were To stretch forth their hands For water to reach their mouths But it reaches them not: For the prayer of those Without Faith is nothing But (futile) wandering (in the mind). 15. Whatever beings there are In the heavens and the earth Do prostrate themselves to God (Acknowledging subjection),—with good-will Or in spite of themselves: So do their shadows In the mornings and evenings. 16. Say: "Who is the Lord and Sustainer Of the heavens and the earth?" Say: "(It is) God." Say: "Do ye then take (For worship) protectors other Than Him, such as have No power either for good Or for harm to themselves?" Say: "Are the blind equal With those who see? Or the depths of darkness Equal with Light?" Or do they assign to God Partners who have created (Anything) as He has created, So that the creation seemed To them similar? Say: "God is the Creator Of all things: He is The One, the Supreme and Irresistible." 17. He sends down water From the sides, and the channels Flow, each according to its measure: But the torrent bears away The foam that mounts up To the surface. Even so, Form that (ore) which they heat In the fire, to make ornaments Or utensils therewith, There is a scum likewise. Thus doth God (by parables) Show forth Truth and Vanity. For the scum disappears Like froth cast out; While that which is for the good Of mankind remains On the earth. Thus doth God Set forth parables. 18. For those who respond To their Lord, are (all) Good things. But those Who respond not to Him, Even if they had all That is in the heavens And on earth, and as much more, (In vain) would they offer it For ransom. For them Will the reckoning be terrible: Their abode will be Hell,—— What a bed of misery! 19. Is then one who doth know That that which hath been Revealed unto thee From thy Lord is the Truth, Like one who is blind? It is those who are Endued with understanding That receive admonition;— 20. Those who fulfil the Covenant Of God and fail not In their plighted word; 21. Those who join together Those things which God Hath commanded to be joined, Hold their Lord in awe, And fear the terrible reckoning; 22. Those who patiently persevere, Seeking the countenance of their Lord; Establish regular prayers; spend, Out of (the gifts) We have bestowed For their sustenance, secretly And openly; and turn off Evil With good: for such there is The final attainment Of the (Eternal) Home,— 23. Gardens of perpetual bliss: They shall enter there, As well as the righteous Among their fathers, their spouses, And their offspring: And angels shall enter unto them From every gate (with the salutation): 24. "Peace unto you for that ye Persevered in patience! Now How excellent is the final Home!" 25. But those who break The Covenant of God, after Having plighted their word thereto, And cut asunder those things Which God has commanded To be joined, and work mischief In the land;—on them Is the Curse; for them Is the terrible Home! 26. God doth enlarge, or grant By (strict) measure, the Sustenance (Which He giveth) to whomso He pleaseth. (The worldly) rejoice In the life of this world: But the life of this world Is but little comfort In the Hereafter. 27. The Unbelievers say: "Why Is not a Sign sent down To him from his Lord?" Say: "Truly God leaveth, To stray, whom He will; But He guideth to Himself Those who turn to Him In penitence,— 28. "Those who believe, and whose hearts Find satisfaction in the remembrance Of God: for without doubt In the remembrance of God Do hearts find satisfaction. 29. "For those who believe And work righteousness, Is (every) blessedness, And a beautiful place Of (final) return." 30. Thus have We sent thee Amongst a People before whom (Long since) have (other) Peoples (Gone and) passed away; In order that thou mightest Rehearse unto them what We Send down unto thee by inspiration; Yet do they reject (Him), The Most Gracious! Say: "He is my Lord! There is no god but He! On Him is my trust, And to Him do I turn!" 31. If there were a Qur-ān With which mountains were moved, Or the earth were cloven asunder, Or the dead were made to speak, (This would be the one!) But, truly, the Command is With God in all things!' Do not the Believers know, That, had God (so) willed, He could have guided All mankind (to the Right)? But the Unbelievers,—never Will disaster cease to seize Them for their (ill) deeds, Or to settle close to their homes, Until the promise of God Come to pass, for, verily, God will not fail In His promise. 32. Mocked were (many) apostles Before thee: but I granted Respite to the Unbelievers, And finally I punished them: Then how (terrible) was My requital! 33. Is then He Who standeth Over every soul (and knoweth) All that it doth, (Like any others)? And yet They ascribe partners to God. Say: "But name them! Is it that ye will Inform Him of something He knoweth not on earth, Or is it (just) a show Of words?" Nay! to those Who believe not, their pretence seems pleasing, but they are Kept back (thereby) from the Path. And those whom God leaves To stray, no one can guide. 34. For them is a Penalty In the life of this world, But harder, truly, is the Penalty Of the Hereafter: and defender Have they none against God. 35. The parable of the Garden Which the righteous are promised!— Beneath it flow rivers: Perpetual is the enjoyment thereof And the shade therein: Such is the End Of the Righteous; and the End Of Unbelievers is the Fire. 36. Those to whom We have Given the Book rejoice At what hath been revealed Unto thee: but there are Among the clans those who reject A part thereof. Say: "I am commanded to worship God, and not to join partners With Him. Unto him Do I call, and Unto Him is my return." 37. Thus have We revealed it To be a judgment of authority In Arabic. Wert thou to follow Their (vain) desires after the knowledge Which hath reached thee, Then wouldst thou find Neither protector nor defender Against God. 38. We did send apostles Before thee, and appointed For them wives and children: And it was never the part Of an apostle to bring a Sign Except as God permitted (Or commanded). For each period Is a Book (revealed). 39. God doth blot out Or confirm what He pleaseth: With Him is The Mother of the Book. 40. Whether We shall show thee (Within thy life-time) Part of what We promised them Or take to ourselves thy soul (Before it is all accomplished),— Thy duty is to make (The Message) reach them: It is Our part To call them to account. 41. See they not that We Gradually reduce the land (In their control) from its Outlying borders ? (Where) God Commands, there is none To put back His command: And He is Swift In calling to account. 42. Those before them did (also) Devise plots; but in all things The master-planning is God's. He knoweth the doings Of every soul: and soon Will the Unbelievers know Who gets home in the End. 43. The Unbelievers say: "No apostle Art thou." Say: "Enough For a witness between me And you is God, and such As have knowledge of the Book."

Table of Contents

Sra I. Ftia, Or The Opening Chapter
Sra Ii. Baqara, Or The Heifer
Sra Iii. L-I-Imrn, Or The Family Of Imrn
Sra Iv. Nisa, Or The Women
Sra V. Mda, Or The Table Spread.
Sra Vi. Anm, Or Cattle
Sra Vii. Arf, Or The Heights
Sra Viii. Anfl, Or The Spoils Of War
Sra Ix. Tauba (Repentance) Or Barat (Immunity)
Sra X. Ynus, Or Jonah
Sra Xi. Hd (The Prophet Hd)
Sra Xii. Ysuf, Or Joseph
Sra Xiii. Rad Or Thunder
Sra Xiv. Ibrhm, Or Abraham
Sra Xv. Al-Hijr. Or The Rocky Tract
Sra Xvi. Nal Or The Bee
Sra Xvii. Ban Isr-L, Or The Children Of Israel.
Sra Xviii. Kahf, Or The Cave
Sra Xix. Maryam, Or Mary.
Sra Xx. -H (Mystic Letters, . H.)
Sra Xxi. Anbiya, Or The Prophets
Sra Xxii. Ajj, Or The Pilgrimage
Sra Xxiii. M-Minn
Sra Xxiv. Nr, Or Light
Sra Xxv. Furqn, Or The Criterion
Sra Xxvi. Shuara, Or The Poets
Sra Xxvii. Naml, Or The Ants
Sra Xxviii. Qaa, Or The Narration
Sra Xxix. Ankabt, Or The Spider
Sra Xxx. Rm, Or The Roman Empire.
Sra Xxxi. Luqmn (The Wise).
Sra Xxxii. Sajda, Or Adoration
Sra Xxxiii. Azb, Or The Confederates.
Sra Xxxiv. Sab, Or The City Of Sab
Sra Xxxv. Fir, Or The Originator Of Creation; Or Malka, Or The Angels
Sra Xxxvi. Y-Sn (Being Abbreviated Letters).
Sra Xxxvii. Fft, Or Those Ranged In Ranks.
Sra Xxxviii. D (Being One Of The Abbreviated Letters)
Sra Xxxix.: Zumar, Or The Crowds.
Sra Xl. M-Min, Or The Believer
Sra Xli. H-Mm (Abbreviated Letters), Or -Mm Sajda, Or Fuilat
Sra Xlii. Shr, Or Consultation
Sra Xliii.: Zukhruf, Or Gold Adornments.
Sra Xliv.: Dukhn, Or Smoke (Or Mist).
Sra Xlv. Jathiya, Or Bowing The Knee.
Sra Xlvi.: Aqf, Or Winding Sand-Tracts.
Sra Xlvii. Muammad (The Prophet).
Sra Xlviii. Fat- Or Victory.
Sra Xlix. Ujurt, Or The Inner Apartments.
Sra L. Qf.
Sra Li. Zriyt, Or The Winds That Scatter.
Sra Lii. R, Or The Mount.
Sra Liii. Najm, Or The Star.
Sra Liv. Qamar, Or The Moon.
Sra Lv. Ramn, Or (God) Most Gracious.
Sra Lvi. Wqia, Or The Inevitable Event.
Sra Lvii. Add, Or Iron.
Sra Lviii. Mujdila, Or The Woman Who Pleads.
Sra Lix. Ashr, Or The Gathering
Sra Lx. Mumtaana, Or The Woman To Be Examined.
Sra Lxi. Aff, Or Battle Array.
Sra Lxii. Jumua, Or The Assembly (Friday) Prayer
Sra Lxiii. Munfiqn, Or The Hypocrites.
Sra Lxiv. Tagbun, Or Mutual Loss And Gain.
Sra Lxv. Alq, Or Divorce.
Sra Lxvi. Tarm, Or Holding (Something) To Be Forbidden.
Sra Lxvii. Mulk, Or Dominion.
Sra Lxviii. Qalam, Or The Pen, Or Nn
Sra Lxix. Qqa, Or The Sure Reality.
Sra Lxx. Marij, Or The Ways Of Ascent.
Sra Lxxi. N, Or Noah.
Sra Lxxii. Jinn, Or The Spirits.
Sra Lxxiii. Muzzammil, Or Folded In Garments.
Sra Lxxiv. Muddaththir, Or One Wrapped Up.
Sra Lxxv. Qiymat, Or The Resurrection.
Sra Lxxvi. Dahr, Or Time, Or Insn, Or Man.
Sra Lxxvii. Mursalt, Or Those Sent Forth
Sra Lxxviii. Nabaa, Or The (Great) News
Sra Lxxix. Nzit, Or Those Who Tear Out.
Sra Lxxx. Abasa. Or He Frowned.
Sra Lxxxi. Takwr, Or The Folding Up.
Sra Lxxxii. Infir, Or The Cleaving Asunder.
Sra Lxxxiii. Taff, Or Dealing In Fraud.
Sra Lxxxiv. Inshiqq, Or The Rending Asunder.
Sra Lxxxv. Burj, Or The Zodiacal Signs
Sra Lxxxvi. Riq, Or The Night-Visitant
Sra Lxxxvii. Al, Or The Most High.
Sra Lxxxviii. Gshiya, Or The Overwhelming Event.
Sra Lxxxix. Fajr, Or The Break Of Day.
Sra Xc. Balad, Or The City
Sra Xci. Shams, Or The Sun.
Sra Xcii. Lail, Or The Night.
Sra Xciii. Dhuh, Or The Glorious Morning Light.
Sra Xciv. Inshir, Or The Expansion.
Sra Xcv. Tn, Or The Fig
Sra Xcvi. Iqraa, Or Read! Or Proclaim! Or Alaq, Or The Clot Of Congealed Blood
Sra Xcvii. Qadr, Or The Night Of Power (Or Honour).
Sra Xcviii. Baiyina, Or The Clear Evidence.
Sra Xcix. Zilzl, Or The Convulsion.
Sra C. Adiyt, Or Those That Run.
Sra Ci. Al-Qria, Or The Day Of Noise And Clamour.
Sra Cii. Takathur Or Piling Up.
Sra Ciii. Ar, Or Time Through The Ages.
Sra Civ. Humaza, Or The Scandal-Monger.
Sra Cv. Fl, Or The Elephant.
Sra Cvi. The Quraish, (Custodians Of The Kaba).
Sra Cvii. Mn, Or Neighbourly Needs.
Sra Cviii. Kauthar, Or Abundance.
Sra Cix. Kfirn, Or Those Who Reject Faith.
Sra Cx. Nar, Or Help.
Sra Cxi. Lahab, Or (The Father Of) Flame.
Sra Cxii. Ikhl, Or Purity (Of Faith).
Sra Cxiii. Falaq, Or The Dawn.
Sra Cxiv. Ns, Or Mankind.

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1 Sahil Badruddin = "Recitation of Surah Rad:"
2 Ahmed M = "Allah says that signs are visible for people who are looking for the truth. How can mountains and rivers be built by themselves? Who changes day to night and night to day?"
3 Ahmed M = "Prophet Muhammad was merely sent to warn the people of Arab; he wanted to put them on the right path. Prophet Muhammad did bring clear signs and credibility with him but he was unable to convert everyone."
4 Ahmed M = "The female does not know  weather there is a male in her womb or a female? Whatever happens in the womb, happens in secrecy; only Allah is aware of what is going on inside."
5 Enakshi Ganguly = "a simple story meant to teach a moral/religious lesson"
6 Enakshi Ganguly = "Examples of values within the pre-Islamic tribal culture were enhanced and Islamicized:Generosity: Was a proof of nobility but Islam tied it to virtue and not chivalry; we must begin with piety and not vainglory; zakat as a means of reaching God; giving for the recipient and not for the reputation of the giverCourage: essential to the muruwwa - being violent preemptively rather than reactively; best way to prove your strength; Islam transformed it to a noble, well disciplined courage with a lofty aim serving the cause of the right religion; no longer a brute baseless courage but now based on a belief in God and a Last Day; Loyalty (wafa): kinship by blood; practiced within the narrow sphere of the tribe; Islam: clear from the Qur’an that Islam adopted wafa both horizontally and vertically: in the way of others and God; fidelity was given to a larger base of believers/humanity and to God Veracity: Truth speaking; using language to correspond with haqq; Islam: the Revelation is haqq (objective side of the Truth) Patience: sabr was valued in the desert when resources were scarce but when Islam arrived it was especially useful during the spread of Islam when the Truth was spurned by the Jahiliyyah (the tribal people who ruled the land with their brutishness) "
7 Enakshi Ganguly = "The Qur’an attributes shirk ultimately to the working of the mental faculty of zann “thinking”, which is used in contrast to ilm “knowledge”In a way shirk can also be called cunning, because the ethical problem here is that by practicing shirk (worshipping gods that are not God) one is placing one's loyalties to other things as equal to their loyalty to God. This goes again the confessional Monotheism that Islam introduced to Mecca and the surrounding regions, for absolute loyalty is demanded from God, not one that is compromised and easily manipulated to fit one's whims. "