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Sura XIv Ibrhm, Or Abraham In The Holy Quran

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The Holy Quran, tr. by Yusuf Ali, [1934] In the name of God, Most Gracious Most Merciful. 1. A. L. R. A Book Which We have revealed Unto thee, in order that Thou mightest lead mankind Out of the depths of darkness Into light—by the leave Of their Lord—to the Way Of (Him) the Exalted in Power, Worthy of all Praise!— 2. Of God, to Whom do belong All things in the heavens And on earth! But alas for the Unbelievers For a terrible Penalty (Their Unfaith will bring them)!— 3. Those who love the life Of this world more than The Hereafter, who hinder (men) From the Path of God And seek therein something crooked: They are astray By a long distance. 4. We sent not an apostle Except (to teach) in the language Of his (own) people, in order To make (things) clear to them. Now God leaves straying Those whom He pleases And guides whom He pleases: And He is Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. 5. We sent Moses with Our Signs (And the command). "Bring out Thy people from the depths Of darkness into light, And teach them to remember The Days of God." Verily In this there are Signs For such as are firmly patient And constant,—grateful and appreciative. 6. Remember! Moses said To his people: "Call to mind The favour of God to you When He delivered you From the people of Pharaoh: They set you hard tasks And punishments, slaughtered Your sons, and let your women-folk Live: therein was A tremendous trial from your Lord." 7. And remember! your Lord Caused to be declared (publicly): "If ye are grateful, I will Add more (favours) unto you; But if ye show ingratitude, Truly my punishment Is terrible indeed." 8. And Moses said: "If ye Show ingratitude, ye and all On earth together,—yet Is God Free of all wants, Worthy of all praise. 9. Has not the story Reached you, (O people!), of those Who (went) before you?— Of the People of Noah, And ’Ād, and Thamūd?— And of those who (came) After them? None knows them But God. To them came Apostles with Clear (Signs); But they put their hands Up to their mouths, and said: "We do deny (the mission) On which ye have been sent, And we are really In suspicious (disquieting) doubt As to that to which Ye invite us." 10. Their apostles said: "Is there A doubt about God, The Creator of the heavens And the earth? It is He Who invites you, in order That He may forgive you Your sins and give you Respite for a term appointed!" They said: "Ah! ye are No more than human, Like ourselves! Ye wish To turn us away from The (gods) our fathers Used to worship: then Bring us some clear authority." 11. Their apostles said to them: "True, we are human Like yourselves, but God Doth grant His grace To such of His servants As He pleases. It is not For us to bring you An authority except as God Permits. And on God Let all men of faith Put their trust. 12. "No reason have we why We should not put our trust On God. Indeed He Has guided us to the Ways We (follow). We shall certainly Bear with patience all The hurt you may cause us. For those who put their trust Should put their trust on God." 13. And the Unbelievers said To their apostles: "Be sure We shall drive you out Of our land, or ye shall Return to our religion." But their Lord inspired (This Message) to them: "Verily We shall cause The wrong-doers to perish! 14. "And verily We shall Cause you to abide In the land, and succeed them. This for such as fear The Time when they shall stand Before My tribunal,—such As fear the Punishment denounced." 15. But they sought victory and decision (There and then), and frustration Was the lot of every Powerful obstinate transgressor. 16. In front of such a one Is Hell, and he is given, For drink, boiling fetid water. 17. In gulps will he sip it, But never will he be near Swallowing it down his throat: Death will come to him From every quarter, yet Will he not die: and In front of him will be A chastisement unrelenting. 18. The parable of those who Reject their Lord is that Their works are as ashes, On which the wind blows Furiously on a tempestuous day: No power have they over Aught that they have earned: That is the straying Far, far (from the goal). 19. Seest thou not that God Created the heavens and the earth In Truth? If He so will, He can remove you And put (in your place) A new Creation? 20. Nor is that for God Any great matter. 21. They will all be marshalled Before God together: then Will the weak say to those Who were arrogant, "For us, We but followed you; can ye Then avail us at all Against the Wrath of God?" They will reply, "If we Had received the guidance Of God, we should have Given it to you: to us It makes no difference (now) Whether we rage, or bear (These torments) with patience: For ourselves there is no way Of escape." 22. And Satan will say When the matter is decided: "It was God Who gave you A promise of Truth: I too Promised, but I failed In my promise to you. I had no authority over you Except to call you, but ye Listened to me: then Reproach not me, but reproach Your own souls. I cannot listen To your cries, nor can ye Listen to mine. I reject Your former act in associating Me with God. For wrong-doers there must be A grievous Penalty." 23. But those who believe And work righteousness Will be admitted to Gardens Beneath which rivers flow,— To dwell therein for aye With the leave of their Lord. Their greeting therein Will be: "Peace!" 24. Seest thou not how God sets forth a parable?— A goodly Word Like a goodly tree, Whose root is firmly fixed, And its branches (reach) To the heavens,— 25. It brings forth its fruit At all times, by the leave Of its Lord. So God sets forth parables For men, in order that They may receive admonition. 26. And the parable Of an evil Word Is that of an evil tree: It is torn up by the root From the surface of the earth: It has no stability. 27. God will establish in strength Those who believe, with the Word That stands firm, in this world And in the Hereafter; but God Will leave, to stray, those Who do wrong: God doeth What He willeth. 28, Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who Have changed the favour of God. Into blasphemy and caused Their people to descend To the House of Perdition?— 29. Into Hell? They will burn Therein,—an evil place To stay in! 30. And they set up (idols) As equal to God, to mislead (Men) from the Path! Say: "Enjoy (your brief power)! But verily ye are making Straightway for Hell!" 31. Speak to my servants Who have believed, That they may establish Regular prayers, and spend (In charity) out of the Sustenance We have given them, Secretly and openly, before The coming of a Day In which there will be Neither mutual bargaining Nor befriending. 32. It is God Who hath created The heavens and the earth And sendeth down rain From the skies, and with it Bringeth out fruits wherewith To feed you; it is He Who hath made the ships subject To you, that they may sail Through the sea by His Command; And the rivers (also) Hath He made subject to you. 33. And He hath made subject To you the sun and the moon, Both diligently pursuing Their courses; and the Night And the Day hath He (also) Made subject to you. 34. And He giveth you Of all that ye ask for. But if ye count the favours Of God, never will ye Be able to number them. Verily, man is given up To injustice and ingratitude. 35. Remember Abraham said: "O my Lord! make this city One of peace and security: And preserve me and my sons From worshipping idols. 36. "O my Lord! they have indeed Led astray many among mankind; He then who follows my (ways) Is of me, and he that Disobeys me,—but Thou Art indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 37. "O our Lord! I have made Some of my offspring to dwell In a valley without cultivation, By Thy Sacred House; In order, O our Lord, that they May establish regular Prayer: So till the hearts of some Among men with love towards them, And feed them with Fruits: So that they may give thanks. 38. "O our Lord! truly Thou Dost know what we conceal And what we reveal: For nothing whatever is hidden From God, whether on earth Or in heaven. 39. "Praise be to God, Who hath Granted unto me in old age Ismā’īl and Isaac: for truly My Lord is He, the Hearer Of Prayer! 40. "O my Lord! make me One who establishes regular Prayer, And also (raise such) Among my offspring O our Lord! And accept Thou my Prayer. 41. "O our Lord! cover (us) With Thy Forgiveness—me, My parents, and (all) Believers, On the Day that the Reckoning Will be established! 42. Think not that God Doth not heed the deeds Of those who do wrong. He but giveth them respite Against a Day when The eyes will fixedly stare In horror,— 43. They running forward With necks outstretched, Their heads uplifted, their gaze Returning not towards them, And their hearts a (gaping) void! 44. So warn mankind Of the Day when the Wrath Will reach them: then will The wrong-doers say: "Our Lord! Respite us (if only) For a short Term: we will Answer Thy Call, and follow The apostles!" "What! were ye not wont To swear aforetime that ye Should suffer no decline? 45. "And ye dwelt in the dwellings Of men who wronged their own Souls; ye were clearly shown How We dealt with them; And We put forth (many) Parables In your behoof!" 46. Mighty indeed were the plots Which they made, but their plots Were (well) within the sight Of God, even though they were Such as to shake the hills! 47. Never think that God would fail His apostles in His promise: For God is Exalted in Power,— The Lord of Retribution. 48. One day the Earth will be Changed to a different Earth, And so will be the Heavens, And (men) will be marshalled Forth, before God, the One, The Irresistible; 49. And thou wilt see The Sinners that day Bound together in fetters;— 50. Their garments of liquid pitch, And their faces covered with Fire; 51. That God may requite Each soul according To its deserts; And verily God is Swift In calling to account. 52. Here is a Message for mankind: Let them take warning therefrom, And let them know that He Is (no other than) One God Let men of understanding Take heed.

Table of Contents

Sra I. Ftia, Or The Opening Chapter
Sra Ii. Baqara, Or The Heifer
Sra Iii. L-I-Imrn, Or The Family Of Imrn
Sra Iv. Nisa, Or The Women
Sra V. Mda, Or The Table Spread.
Sra Vi. Anm, Or Cattle
Sra Vii. Arf, Or The Heights
Sra Viii. Anfl, Or The Spoils Of War
Sra Ix. Tauba (Repentance) Or Barat (Immunity)
Sra X. Ynus, Or Jonah
Sra Xi. Hd (The Prophet Hd)
Sra Xii. Ysuf, Or Joseph
Sra Xiii. Rad Or Thunder
Sra Xiv. Ibrhm, Or Abraham
Sra Xv. Al-Hijr. Or The Rocky Tract
Sra Xvi. Nal Or The Bee
Sra Xvii. Ban Isr-L, Or The Children Of Israel.
Sra Xviii. Kahf, Or The Cave
Sra Xix. Maryam, Or Mary.
Sra Xx. -H (Mystic Letters, . H.)
Sra Xxi. Anbiya, Or The Prophets
Sra Xxii. Ajj, Or The Pilgrimage
Sra Xxiii. M-Minn
Sra Xxiv. Nr, Or Light
Sra Xxv. Furqn, Or The Criterion
Sra Xxvi. Shuara, Or The Poets
Sra Xxvii. Naml, Or The Ants
Sra Xxviii. Qaa, Or The Narration
Sra Xxix. Ankabt, Or The Spider
Sra Xxx. Rm, Or The Roman Empire.
Sra Xxxi. Luqmn (The Wise).
Sra Xxxii. Sajda, Or Adoration
Sra Xxxiii. Azb, Or The Confederates.
Sra Xxxiv. Sab, Or The City Of Sab
Sra Xxxv. Fir, Or The Originator Of Creation; Or Malka, Or The Angels
Sra Xxxvi. Y-Sn (Being Abbreviated Letters).
Sra Xxxvii. Fft, Or Those Ranged In Ranks.
Sra Xxxviii. D (Being One Of The Abbreviated Letters)
Sra Xxxix.: Zumar, Or The Crowds.
Sra Xl. M-Min, Or The Believer
Sra Xli. H-Mm (Abbreviated Letters), Or -Mm Sajda, Or Fuilat
Sra Xlii. Shr, Or Consultation
Sra Xliii.: Zukhruf, Or Gold Adornments.
Sra Xliv.: Dukhn, Or Smoke (Or Mist).
Sra Xlv. Jathiya, Or Bowing The Knee.
Sra Xlvi.: Aqf, Or Winding Sand-Tracts.
Sra Xlvii. Muammad (The Prophet).
Sra Xlviii. Fat- Or Victory.
Sra Xlix. Ujurt, Or The Inner Apartments.
Sra L. Qf.
Sra Li. Zriyt, Or The Winds That Scatter.
Sra Lii. R, Or The Mount.
Sra Liii. Najm, Or The Star.
Sra Liv. Qamar, Or The Moon.
Sra Lv. Ramn, Or (God) Most Gracious.
Sra Lvi. Wqia, Or The Inevitable Event.
Sra Lvii. Add, Or Iron.
Sra Lviii. Mujdila, Or The Woman Who Pleads.
Sra Lix. Ashr, Or The Gathering
Sra Lx. Mumtaana, Or The Woman To Be Examined.
Sra Lxi. Aff, Or Battle Array.
Sra Lxii. Jumua, Or The Assembly (Friday) Prayer
Sra Lxiii. Munfiqn, Or The Hypocrites.
Sra Lxiv. Tagbun, Or Mutual Loss And Gain.
Sra Lxv. Alq, Or Divorce.
Sra Lxvi. Tarm, Or Holding (Something) To Be Forbidden.
Sra Lxvii. Mulk, Or Dominion.
Sra Lxviii. Qalam, Or The Pen, Or Nn
Sra Lxix. Qqa, Or The Sure Reality.
Sra Lxx. Marij, Or The Ways Of Ascent.
Sra Lxxi. N, Or Noah.
Sra Lxxii. Jinn, Or The Spirits.
Sra Lxxiii. Muzzammil, Or Folded In Garments.
Sra Lxxiv. Muddaththir, Or One Wrapped Up.
Sra Lxxv. Qiymat, Or The Resurrection.
Sra Lxxvi. Dahr, Or Time, Or Insn, Or Man.
Sra Lxxvii. Mursalt, Or Those Sent Forth
Sra Lxxviii. Nabaa, Or The (Great) News
Sra Lxxix. Nzit, Or Those Who Tear Out.
Sra Lxxx. Abasa. Or He Frowned.
Sra Lxxxi. Takwr, Or The Folding Up.
Sra Lxxxii. Infir, Or The Cleaving Asunder.
Sra Lxxxiii. Taff, Or Dealing In Fraud.
Sra Lxxxiv. Inshiqq, Or The Rending Asunder.
Sra Lxxxv. Burj, Or The Zodiacal Signs
Sra Lxxxvi. Riq, Or The Night-Visitant
Sra Lxxxvii. Al, Or The Most High.
Sra Lxxxviii. Gshiya, Or The Overwhelming Event.
Sra Lxxxix. Fajr, Or The Break Of Day.
Sra Xc. Balad, Or The City
Sra Xci. Shams, Or The Sun.
Sra Xcii. Lail, Or The Night.
Sra Xciii. Dhuh, Or The Glorious Morning Light.
Sra Xciv. Inshir, Or The Expansion.
Sra Xcv. Tn, Or The Fig
Sra Xcvi. Iqraa, Or Read! Or Proclaim! Or Alaq, Or The Clot Of Congealed Blood
Sra Xcvii. Qadr, Or The Night Of Power (Or Honour).
Sra Xcviii. Baiyina, Or The Clear Evidence.
Sra Xcix. Zilzl, Or The Convulsion.
Sra C. Adiyt, Or Those That Run.
Sra Ci. Al-Qria, Or The Day Of Noise And Clamour.
Sra Cii. Takathur Or Piling Up.
Sra Ciii. Ar, Or Time Through The Ages.
Sra Civ. Humaza, Or The Scandal-Monger.
Sra Cv. Fl, Or The Elephant.
Sra Cvi. The Quraish, (Custodians Of The Kaba).
Sra Cvii. Mn, Or Neighbourly Needs.
Sra Cviii. Kauthar, Or Abundance.
Sra Cix. Kfirn, Or Those Who Reject Faith.
Sra Cx. Nar, Or Help.
Sra Cxi. Lahab, Or (The Father Of) Flame.
Sra Cxii. Ikhl, Or Purity (Of Faith).
Sra Cxiii. Falaq, Or The Dawn.
Sra Cxiv. Ns, Or Mankind.

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1 Sahil Badruddin = "Recitation of Surah Ibrahim:"
2 Ahmed M = "This ayat again highlights that Muslims firmly believe in a mighty supernatural being."
3 Enakshi Ganguly = "This world is referred to as 'dunya' which literally means the world as we know it today in many languages (Urdu, Hindi, Bengali, Arabic). The Hereafter is referred to as 'Akhira', literally meaning the afterlife in Arabic, this is the moment that we will face God and be judged by Him and He will decide whether we are mean for Heaven (Janna) or Hell (Jahannam). "
4 Enakshi Ganguly = "The Qur'an refers back to the Bible and Torah as scriptures that were given to the people to revive faith in them. The Qur'an also refers to Jesus, Moses, Noah, David and a few other Biblical figures as Prophets. Mary is also referred to in the Qur'an (possibly the only woman mentioned) and some scholars may count her as a Prophet as well, although none of these Prophets are Divine or Godly, they are simply mediums. "
5 Ahmed M = "The reference back to Israel and Moses serves a double purpose-as an appeal to the People of the Book, and as a reminder to Quraysh of the favour now conferred on them by the coming among them of a greater Prophet than Moses."
6 Ahmed M = "Man does not know the names of all prophets; how can he know their stories?"
7 Enakshi Ganguly = "This is the same resistance that Abraham was met with when he first told his father that idol worshipping and polytheism is incorrect - that there is only one God and no other gods exist."