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Sura Xlii Shura, Or Consultation In The Holy Quran

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The Holy Quran, tr. by Yusuf Ali, [1934] In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 1. Hā-Mīm; 2. ‘Ain. Sīn. Kāf. 3. Thus doth (He) send Inspiration to thee As (He did) to those before thee,— God, Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. 4. To Him belongs all That is in the heavens And on earth: and He Is Most High, Most Great. 5. The heavens are almost Rent asunder from above them (By His Glory): And the angels celebrate The Praises of their Lord, And pray for forgiveness For (all) beings on earth: Behold! Verily God is He, The Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 6. And those who take As protectors others besides Him,— God doth watch over them; And thou art not The disposer of their affairs. 7. Thus have We sent By inspiration to thee An Arabic Qur-ān: That thou mayest warn The Mother of Cities And all around her,— And warn (them) of The Day of Assembly, Of which there is no doubt: (When) some will be In the Garden, and some In the Blazing Fire. 8. If God had so willed, He could have made them A single people; but He Admits whom He will To His Mercy; And the wrong-doers Will have no protector Nor helper. 9. What! Have they taken (For worship) protectors Besides Him? But it is God,—He is the Protector, And it is He Who Gives life to the dead: It is He Who has power Over all things. 10. Whatever it be wherein Ye differ, the decision Thereof is with God: Such is God my Lord: In Him I trust, And to Him I turn. 11. (He is) the Creator Of the heavens and The earth: He has made For you pairs From among yourselves, And pairs among cattle: By this means does He Multiply you: there is nothing Whatever like unto Him, And He is the One That hears and sees (all things). 12. To Him belong the keys Of the heavens and the earth: He enlarges and restricts. The Sustenance to whom He will: for He knows Full well all things. 13. The same religion has He Established for you as that Which He enjoined on Noah— The which We have sent By inspiration to thee— And that which We enjoined On Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: Namely, that ye should remain Steadfast in Religion, and make No divisions therein: To those who worship Other things than God, Hard is the (way) To which thou callest them, God chooses to Himself Those whom He pleases, And guides to Himself Those who turn (to Him). 14. And they became divided Only after knowledge Reached them,—through selfish Envy as between themselves. Had it not been For a Word that Went forth before From thy Lord, (Tending) to a Term appointed, The matter would have Been settled between them: But truly those who have Inherited the Book after them Are in suspicious (disquieting) Doubt concerning it. 15. Now then, for that (reason), Call (them to the Faith), And stand steadfast As thou art commanded, Nor follow thou their vain Desires; but say: "I believe In the Book which God has sent down; And I am commanded To judge justly between you. God is our Lord And your Lord. For us (Is the responsibility for) Our deeds, and for you For your deeds. There is No contention between us And you. God will Bring us together, And to Him is (Our) final goal. 16. But those who dispute Concerning God after He Has been accepted,— Futile is their dispute In the sight of Their Lord: on them Is Wrath, and for them Will be a Penalty Terrible. 17. It is God Who has Sent down the Book in truth, And the Balance (By which to weigh conduct). And what will make thee Realise that perhaps the Hour Is close at hand? 18. Only those wish to Hasten it who believe not In it: those who believe Hold it in awe, And know that it is The Truth. Behold, verily Those that dispute concerning The Hour are far astray. 19. Gracious is God To His servants: He gives Sustenance To whom He pleases: And He has Power And can carry out His Will. 20. To any that desires The tilth of the Hereafter, We give increase In his tilth; and to any That desires the tilth Of this world, We grant Somewhat thereof, but he Has no share or lot In the Hereafter. 21. What! Have they partners (In godhead), who have Established for them some Religion without the permission Of God? Had it not Been for the Decree Of Judgment, the matter Would have been decided Between them (at once). But verily the wrong-doers Will have a grievous Penalty. 22. Thou wilt see the wrong-doers In fear on account of what They have earned, and (the burden Of) that must (necessarily) Fall on them. But those Who believe and work Righteous deeds will be In the luxuriant meads Of the Gardens: they shall Have, before their Lord, All that they wish for. That will indeed be The magnificent Bounty (Of God). 23. That is (the Bounty) whereof God gives Glad Tidings To His Servants who Believe and do righteous deeds. Say: "No reward do I Ask of you for this Except the love Of those near of kin." And if any one earns Any good, We shall give Him an increase of good In respect thereof: for God Is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready To appreciate (service). 24. What! Do they say, "He has forged a falsehood Against God"? But if God Willed, He could seal up Thy heart. And God Blots out Vanity, and proves The Truth by His Words. For He knows well The secrets of all hearts. 25. He is the One that accepts Repentance from His Servants And forgives sins: And He knows all That ye do. 26. And He listens to Those who believe and Do deeds of righteousness, And gives them increase Of His Bounty: but For the Unbelievers there is A terrible Penalty. 27. If God were to enlarge The provision for His Servants, They would indeed transgress Beyond all bounds Through the earth; But He sends (it) down In due measure As He pleases. For He is with His Servants Well-acquainted, Watchful. 28. He is the One that sends down Rain (even) after (men) have Given up all hope, And scatters His Mercy (Far and wide). And He Is the Protector, Worthy Of all Praise. 29. And among His Signs Is the creation of The heavens and the earth, And the living creatures That He has scattered Through them: and He Has power to gather them Together when He wills. 30. Whatever misfortune Happens to you, is because Of the things your hands Have wrought, and for many (Of them) He grants forgiveness. 31. Nor can ye frustrate (aught), (Fleeing) through the earth; Nor have ye, besides God, Any one to protect Or to help. 32. And among His Signs Are the ships, smooth-running Through the ocean, (tall) As mountains. 33. If it be His Will, He can still the Wind: Then would they become Motionless on the back Of the (ocean). Verily In this are Signs For everyone who patiently Perseveres and is grateful. 34. Or He can cause them To perish because of The (evil) which (the men) Have earned; but much Doth He forgive. 35. But let those know, who Dispute about Our Signs, That there is for them No way of escape. 36. Whatever ye are given (here) Is (but) a convenience Of this Life: but that Which is with God Is better and more lasting: (It is) for those who believe And put their trust In their Lord; 37. Those who avoid the greater Crimes and shameful deeds, And, when they are angry Even then forgive; 38. Those who hearken To their Lord, and establish Regular prayer; who (conduct) Their affairs by mutual Consultation; Who spend out of what We bestow on them For Sustenance; 39. And those who, when An oppressive wrong is inflicted On them, (are not cowed But) help and defend themselves. 40. The recompense for an injury Is an injury equal thereto (In degree): but if a person Forgives and makes reconciliation, His reward is due From God: for (God) Loveth not those who Do wrong. 41. But indeed if any do help And defend themselves After a wrong (done) To them, against such There is no cause Of blame. 42. The blame is only Against those who oppress Men with wrong-doing And insolently transgress Beyond bounds through the land, Defying right and justice: For such there will be A Penalty grievous. 43. But indeed if any Show patience and forgive, That would truly be An exercise of courageous will And resolution in the conduct Of affairs. 44. For any whom God Leaves astray, there is No protector thereafter. And thou wilt see The wrong-doers, when In sight of the Penalty, Say: "Is there any way (To effect) a return?" 45. And thou wilt see them Brought forward to the (Penalty), In a humble frame of mind Because of (their) disgrace, (And) looking with a stealthy Glance. And the Believers Will say: "Those are indeed. In loss. who have given To perdition their own selves And those belonging to them On the Day of Judgment. Behold! Truly the wrong-doers Are in a lasting Penalty!" 46. And no protectors have they To help them, Other than God. And for any whom God Leaves to stray, there is No way (to the Goal). 47. Hearken ye to your Lord, Before there come a Day Which there will be No putting back, because Of (the ordainment of) God! That Day there will be For you no place of refuge Nor will there be for you Any room for denial (Of your sins)! 48. If then they turn away, We have not sent thee As a guard over them. Thy duty is but to convey (The Message). And truly, When We give man A taste of a Mercy From ourselves, he doth Exult thereat, but When some ill happens To him, on account Of the deeds which His hands have sent forth, Truly then is man ungrateful! 49. To God belongs the dominion Of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills (And plans). He bestows (Children) male or female According to His Will (and Plan), 50. Or He bestows both males And females, and He leaves Barren whom He will: For He is full Of knowledge and power. 51. It is not fitting For a man that God Should speak to him Except by inspiration, Or from behind a veil, Or by the sending Of a Messenger To reveal, with God's permission, What God wills: for He Is Most High, Most Wise. 52. And thus have We, By Our command, sent Inspiration to thee: Thou knewest not (before) What was Revelation, and What was Faith; but We Have made the (Qur-ān) A Light, wherewith We Guide such of Our servants As We will; and verily Thou dost guide (men) To the Straight Way,— 53. The Way of God, To Whom belongs Whatever is in the heavens And whatever is on earth. Behold (how) all affairs Tend towards God!

Table of Contents

Sra I. Ftia, Or The Opening Chapter
Sra Ii. Baqara, Or The Heifer
Sra Iii. L-I-Imrn, Or The Family Of Imrn
Sra Iv. Nisa, Or The Women
Sra V. Mda, Or The Table Spread.
Sra Vi. Anm, Or Cattle
Sra Vii. Arf, Or The Heights
Sra Viii. Anfl, Or The Spoils Of War
Sra Ix. Tauba (Repentance) Or Barat (Immunity)
Sra X. Ynus, Or Jonah
Sra Xi. Hd (The Prophet Hd)
Sra Xii. Ysuf, Or Joseph
Sra Xiii. Rad Or Thunder
Sra Xiv. Ibrhm, Or Abraham
Sra Xv. Al-Hijr. Or The Rocky Tract
Sra Xvi. Nal Or The Bee
Sra Xvii. Ban Isr-L, Or The Children Of Israel.
Sra Xviii. Kahf, Or The Cave
Sra Xix. Maryam, Or Mary.
Sra Xx. -H (Mystic Letters, . H.)
Sra Xxi. Anbiya, Or The Prophets
Sra Xxii. Ajj, Or The Pilgrimage
Sra Xxiii. M-Minn
Sra Xxiv. Nr, Or Light
Sra Xxv. Furqn, Or The Criterion
Sra Xxvi. Shuara, Or The Poets
Sra Xxvii. Naml, Or The Ants
Sra Xxviii. Qaa, Or The Narration
Sra Xxix. Ankabt, Or The Spider
Sra Xxx. Rm, Or The Roman Empire.
Sra Xxxi. Luqmn (The Wise).
Sra Xxxii. Sajda, Or Adoration
Sra Xxxiii. Azb, Or The Confederates.
Sra Xxxiv. Sab, Or The City Of Sab
Sra Xxxv. Fir, Or The Originator Of Creation; Or Malka, Or The Angels
Sra Xxxvi. Y-Sn (Being Abbreviated Letters).
Sra Xxxvii. Fft, Or Those Ranged In Ranks.
Sra Xxxviii. D (Being One Of The Abbreviated Letters)
Sra Xxxix.: Zumar, Or The Crowds.
Sra Xl. M-Min, Or The Believer
Sra Xli. H-Mm (Abbreviated Letters), Or -Mm Sajda, Or Fuilat
Sra Xlii. Shr, Or Consultation
Sra Xliii.: Zukhruf, Or Gold Adornments.
Sra Xliv.: Dukhn, Or Smoke (Or Mist).
Sra Xlv. Jathiya, Or Bowing The Knee.
Sra Xlvi.: Aqf, Or Winding Sand-Tracts.
Sra Xlvii. Muammad (The Prophet).
Sra Xlviii. Fat- Or Victory.
Sra Xlix. Ujurt, Or The Inner Apartments.
Sra L. Qf.
Sra Li. Zriyt, Or The Winds That Scatter.
Sra Lii. R, Or The Mount.
Sra Liii. Najm, Or The Star.
Sra Liv. Qamar, Or The Moon.
Sra Lv. Ramn, Or (God) Most Gracious.
Sra Lvi. Wqia, Or The Inevitable Event.
Sra Lvii. Add, Or Iron.
Sra Lviii. Mujdila, Or The Woman Who Pleads.
Sra Lix. Ashr, Or The Gathering
Sra Lx. Mumtaana, Or The Woman To Be Examined.
Sra Lxi. Aff, Or Battle Array.
Sra Lxii. Jumua, Or The Assembly (Friday) Prayer
Sra Lxiii. Munfiqn, Or The Hypocrites.
Sra Lxiv. Tagbun, Or Mutual Loss And Gain.
Sra Lxv. Alq, Or Divorce.
Sra Lxvi. Tarm, Or Holding (Something) To Be Forbidden.
Sra Lxvii. Mulk, Or Dominion.
Sra Lxviii. Qalam, Or The Pen, Or Nn
Sra Lxix. Qqa, Or The Sure Reality.
Sra Lxx. Marij, Or The Ways Of Ascent.
Sra Lxxi. N, Or Noah.
Sra Lxxii. Jinn, Or The Spirits.
Sra Lxxiii. Muzzammil, Or Folded In Garments.
Sra Lxxiv. Muddaththir, Or One Wrapped Up.
Sra Lxxv. Qiymat, Or The Resurrection.
Sra Lxxvi. Dahr, Or Time, Or Insn, Or Man.
Sra Lxxvii. Mursalt, Or Those Sent Forth
Sra Lxxviii. Nabaa, Or The (Great) News
Sra Lxxix. Nzit, Or Those Who Tear Out.
Sra Lxxx. Abasa. Or He Frowned.
Sra Lxxxi. Takwr, Or The Folding Up.
Sra Lxxxii. Infir, Or The Cleaving Asunder.
Sra Lxxxiii. Taff, Or Dealing In Fraud.
Sra Lxxxiv. Inshiqq, Or The Rending Asunder.
Sra Lxxxv. Burj, Or The Zodiacal Signs
Sra Lxxxvi. Riq, Or The Night-Visitant
Sra Lxxxvii. Al, Or The Most High.
Sra Lxxxviii. Gshiya, Or The Overwhelming Event.
Sra Lxxxix. Fajr, Or The Break Of Day.
Sra Xc. Balad, Or The City
Sra Xci. Shams, Or The Sun.
Sra Xcii. Lail, Or The Night.
Sra Xciii. Dhuh, Or The Glorious Morning Light.
Sra Xciv. Inshir, Or The Expansion.
Sra Xcv. Tn, Or The Fig
Sra Xcvi. Iqraa, Or Read! Or Proclaim! Or Alaq, Or The Clot Of Congealed Blood
Sra Xcvii. Qadr, Or The Night Of Power (Or Honour).
Sra Xcviii. Baiyina, Or The Clear Evidence.
Sra Xcix. Zilzl, Or The Convulsion.
Sra C. Adiyt, Or Those That Run.
Sra Ci. Al-Qria, Or The Day Of Noise And Clamour.
Sra Cii. Takathur Or Piling Up.
Sra Ciii. Ar, Or Time Through The Ages.
Sra Civ. Humaza, Or The Scandal-Monger.
Sra Cv. Fl, Or The Elephant.
Sra Cvi. The Quraish, (Custodians Of The Kaba).
Sra Cvii. Mn, Or Neighbourly Needs.
Sra Cviii. Kauthar, Or Abundance.
Sra Cix. Kfirn, Or Those Who Reject Faith.
Sra Cx. Nar, Or Help.
Sra Cxi. Lahab, Or (The Father Of) Flame.
Sra Cxii. Ikhl, Or Purity (Of Faith).
Sra Cxiii. Falaq, Or The Dawn.
Sra Cxiv. Ns, Or Mankind.

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1 Sahil Badruddin = "Recitation of Surah Shura:"
2 Ahmed M = "Allah knows what is inside our hearts, what we keep hidden from people, and what we proclaim loudly and blatantly."
3 Ahmed M = "Allah is very forgiving; according to a tradition, Allah loves human beings 70 times more than their mothers."
4 Ahmed M = "Allah is the one who orders rain, who orders the sun and the moon. He made this world  a place of comfort for human beings."