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Sura Xlviii Fath- Or VIctory In The Holy Quran

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The Holy Quran, tr. by Yusuf Ali, [1934] In  the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 1. Verily We have granted Thee a manifest Victory: 2. That God may forgive thee Thy faults of the past And those to follow; Fulfil His favour to thee; And guide thee On the Straight Way; 3. And that God may help Thee with powerful help. 4. It is He Who sent Down Tranquillity Into the hearts of The Believers, that they may Add Faith to their Faith;— For to God belong The Forces of the heavens And the earth; and God is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom;— 5. That He may admit The men and women Who believe, to Gardens Beneath which rivers flow, To dwell therein for aye, And remove their ills From them;—and that is, In the sight of God, The highest achievement (For man),— 6. And that He may punish The Hypocrites, men and Women, and the Polytheists, Men and women, who imagine An evil opinion of God. On them is a round Of Evil: the Wrath of God Is on them: He has cursed Them and got Hell ready For them: and evil Is it for a destination. 7. For to God belong The Forces of the heavens And the earth; and God is Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. 8. We have truly sent thee As a witness, as a Bringer of Glad Tidings, And as a Warner: 9. In order that ye (O men) may believe In God and His Apostle, That ye may assist And honour Him, And celebrate His praises Morning and evening. 10. Verily those who plight Their fealty to thee Do no less than plight Their fealty to God: The Hand of God is Over their hands: Then any one who violates His oath, does so To the harm of his own Soul, and any one who Fulfils what he has Covenanted with God,— God will soon grant him A great Reward. 11. The desert Arabs who Lagged behind will Say to thee: "We were engaged in (Looking after) our flocks And herds, and our families: Do thou then ask Forgiveness for us. They say with their tongues What is not in their hearts. Say: "Who then has Any power at all (To intervene) on your behalf With God, if His Will Is to give you some loss Or to give you some profit? But God is well acquainted With all that ye do. 12. "Nay, ye thought that The Apostle and the Believers Would never return to Their families; this seemed Pleasing in your hearts, and Ye conceived an evil thought, For ye are a people Lost (in wickedness)." 13. And if any believe not In God and His Apostle, We have prepared, For those who reject God, A Blazing Fire! 14. To God belongs the dominion Of the heavens and the earth: He forgives whom He wills, And He punishes whom He Wills: but God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 15. Those who lagged behind (Will say), when ye (are Free to) march and take Booty (in war): "Permit us To follow you." They wish To change God's decree: Say: "Not thus Will ye follow us: God has already declared (This) beforehand": then they Will say, "But ye are Jealous of us." Nay, But little do they understand (Such things). 16. Say to the desert Arabs Who lagged behind: "Ye Shall be summoned (to fight) Against a people given to Vehement war: then shall ye Fight, or they shall submit. Then if ye show obedience, God will grant you A goodly reward, but if Ye turn back as ye Did before, He will punish You with a grievous Penalty." 17. No blame is there On the blind, nor is There blame on the lame, Nor on one ill (if he Joins not the war): But he that obeys God And His Apostle,—(God) Will admit him to Gardens Beneath which rivers flow; And he who turns back, (God) will punish him With a grievous Penalty. 18. God's Good Pleasure Was on the Believers When they swore Fealty To thee under the Tree: He knew what was In their hearts, and He Sent down Tranquillity To them; and He rewarded Them with a speedy Victory; 19. And many gains will they Acquire (besides): and God Is Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. 20. God has promised you Many gains that ye shall Acquire, and He has given You these beforehand; and He has restrained the hands Of men from you; that it May be a Sign for The Believers, and that He may guide you To a Straight Path; 21. And other gains (there are), Which are not within Your power, but which God has compassed: and God Has power over all things. 22. If the Unbelievers Should fight you, they would Certainly turn their backs; Then would they find Neither protector nor helper. 23. (Such has been) the practice (Approved) of God already In the past: no change Wilt thou find in The practice (approved) of God. 24. And it is He Who Has restrained their hands From you and your hands From them in the midst Of Mecca, after that He Gave you the victory Over them. And God sees Well all that ye do. 25. They are the ones who Denied revelation and hindered you From the Sacred Mosque And the sacrificial animals, Detained from reaching their Place of sacrifice. Had there Not been believing men And believing women whom Ye did not know that Ye were trampling down And on whose account A crime would have accrued To you without (your) knowledge, (God would have allowed you To force your way, but He held back your hands) That He may admit To His Mercy whom He will. If they had been Apart, We should Certainly have punished The Unbelievers among them With a grievous punishment. 26. While the Unbelievers Got up in their hearts Heat and cant—the heat And cant of Ignorance,— God sent down His Tranquillity To his Apostle and to The Believers, and made them Stick close to the command Of self-restraint; and well Were they entitled to it And worthy of it. And God has full knowledge Of all things. 27. Truly did God fulfil The vision for His Apostle: Ye shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if God wills, With minds secure, heads shaved, Hair cut short, and without fear. For He knew what ye Knew not, and He granted, Besides this, a speedy victory. 28. It is He Who has sent His Apostle with Guidance And the Religion of Truth, To proclaim it over All religion: and enough Is God for a Witness. 29. Muhammad is the Apostle Of God; and those who are With him are strong Against Unbelievers, (but) Compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow And prostrate themselves (In prayer), seeking Grace From God and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their Marks, (being) the traces Of their prostration. This is their similitude In the Taurāt; And their similitude In the Gospel is: Like a seed which sends Forth its blade, then Makes it strong; it then Becomes thick, and it stands On its own stem, (filling) The sowers with wonder And delight. As a result, It fills the Unbelievers With rage at them. God has promised those Among them who believe And do righteous deeds Forgiveness, And a great Reward.

Table of Contents

Sra I. Ftia, Or The Opening Chapter
Sra Ii. Baqara, Or The Heifer
Sra Iii. L-I-Imrn, Or The Family Of Imrn
Sra Iv. Nisa, Or The Women
Sra V. Mda, Or The Table Spread.
Sra Vi. Anm, Or Cattle
Sra Vii. Arf, Or The Heights
Sra Viii. Anfl, Or The Spoils Of War
Sra Ix. Tauba (Repentance) Or Barat (Immunity)
Sra X. Ynus, Or Jonah
Sra Xi. Hd (The Prophet Hd)
Sra Xii. Ysuf, Or Joseph
Sra Xiii. Rad Or Thunder
Sra Xiv. Ibrhm, Or Abraham
Sra Xv. Al-Hijr. Or The Rocky Tract
Sra Xvi. Nal Or The Bee
Sra Xvii. Ban Isr-L, Or The Children Of Israel.
Sra Xviii. Kahf, Or The Cave
Sra Xix. Maryam, Or Mary.
Sra Xx. -H (Mystic Letters, . H.)
Sra Xxi. Anbiya, Or The Prophets
Sra Xxii. Ajj, Or The Pilgrimage
Sra Xxiii. M-Minn
Sra Xxiv. Nr, Or Light
Sra Xxv. Furqn, Or The Criterion
Sra Xxvi. Shuara, Or The Poets
Sra Xxvii. Naml, Or The Ants
Sra Xxviii. Qaa, Or The Narration
Sra Xxix. Ankabt, Or The Spider
Sra Xxx. Rm, Or The Roman Empire.
Sra Xxxi. Luqmn (The Wise).
Sra Xxxii. Sajda, Or Adoration
Sra Xxxiii. Azb, Or The Confederates.
Sra Xxxiv. Sab, Or The City Of Sab
Sra Xxxv. Fir, Or The Originator Of Creation; Or Malka, Or The Angels
Sra Xxxvi. Y-Sn (Being Abbreviated Letters).
Sra Xxxvii. Fft, Or Those Ranged In Ranks.
Sra Xxxviii. D (Being One Of The Abbreviated Letters)
Sra Xxxix.: Zumar, Or The Crowds.
Sra Xl. M-Min, Or The Believer
Sra Xli. H-Mm (Abbreviated Letters), Or -Mm Sajda, Or Fuilat
Sra Xlii. Shr, Or Consultation
Sra Xliii.: Zukhruf, Or Gold Adornments.
Sra Xliv.: Dukhn, Or Smoke (Or Mist).
Sra Xlv. Jathiya, Or Bowing The Knee.
Sra Xlvi.: Aqf, Or Winding Sand-Tracts.
Sra Xlvii. Muammad (The Prophet).
Sra Xlviii. Fat- Or Victory.
Sra Xlix. Ujurt, Or The Inner Apartments.
Sra L. Qf.
Sra Li. Zriyt, Or The Winds That Scatter.
Sra Lii. R, Or The Mount.
Sra Liii. Najm, Or The Star.
Sra Liv. Qamar, Or The Moon.
Sra Lv. Ramn, Or (God) Most Gracious.
Sra Lvi. Wqia, Or The Inevitable Event.
Sra Lvii. Add, Or Iron.
Sra Lviii. Mujdila, Or The Woman Who Pleads.
Sra Lix. Ashr, Or The Gathering
Sra Lx. Mumtaana, Or The Woman To Be Examined.
Sra Lxi. Aff, Or Battle Array.
Sra Lxii. Jumua, Or The Assembly (Friday) Prayer
Sra Lxiii. Munfiqn, Or The Hypocrites.
Sra Lxiv. Tagbun, Or Mutual Loss And Gain.
Sra Lxv. Alq, Or Divorce.
Sra Lxvi. Tarm, Or Holding (Something) To Be Forbidden.
Sra Lxvii. Mulk, Or Dominion.
Sra Lxviii. Qalam, Or The Pen, Or Nn
Sra Lxix. Qqa, Or The Sure Reality.
Sra Lxx. Marij, Or The Ways Of Ascent.
Sra Lxxi. N, Or Noah.
Sra Lxxii. Jinn, Or The Spirits.
Sra Lxxiii. Muzzammil, Or Folded In Garments.
Sra Lxxiv. Muddaththir, Or One Wrapped Up.
Sra Lxxv. Qiymat, Or The Resurrection.
Sra Lxxvi. Dahr, Or Time, Or Insn, Or Man.
Sra Lxxvii. Mursalt, Or Those Sent Forth
Sra Lxxviii. Nabaa, Or The (Great) News
Sra Lxxix. Nzit, Or Those Who Tear Out.
Sra Lxxx. Abasa. Or He Frowned.
Sra Lxxxi. Takwr, Or The Folding Up.
Sra Lxxxii. Infir, Or The Cleaving Asunder.
Sra Lxxxiii. Taff, Or Dealing In Fraud.
Sra Lxxxiv. Inshiqq, Or The Rending Asunder.
Sra Lxxxv. Burj, Or The Zodiacal Signs
Sra Lxxxvi. Riq, Or The Night-Visitant
Sra Lxxxvii. Al, Or The Most High.
Sra Lxxxviii. Gshiya, Or The Overwhelming Event.
Sra Lxxxix. Fajr, Or The Break Of Day.
Sra Xc. Balad, Or The City
Sra Xci. Shams, Or The Sun.
Sra Xcii. Lail, Or The Night.
Sra Xciii. Dhuh, Or The Glorious Morning Light.
Sra Xciv. Inshir, Or The Expansion.
Sra Xcv. Tn, Or The Fig
Sra Xcvi. Iqraa, Or Read! Or Proclaim! Or Alaq, Or The Clot Of Congealed Blood
Sra Xcvii. Qadr, Or The Night Of Power (Or Honour).
Sra Xcviii. Baiyina, Or The Clear Evidence.
Sra Xcix. Zilzl, Or The Convulsion.
Sra C. Adiyt, Or Those That Run.
Sra Ci. Al-Qria, Or The Day Of Noise And Clamour.
Sra Cii. Takathur Or Piling Up.
Sra Ciii. Ar, Or Time Through The Ages.
Sra Civ. Humaza, Or The Scandal-Monger.
Sra Cv. Fl, Or The Elephant.
Sra Cvi. The Quraish, (Custodians Of The Kaba).
Sra Cvii. Mn, Or Neighbourly Needs.
Sra Cviii. Kauthar, Or Abundance.
Sra Cix. Kfirn, Or Those Who Reject Faith.
Sra Cx. Nar, Or Help.
Sra Cxi. Lahab, Or (The Father Of) Flame.
Sra Cxii. Ikhl, Or Purity (Of Faith).
Sra Cxiii. Falaq, Or The Dawn.
Sra Cxiv. Ns, Or Mankind.

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1 Sahil Badruddin = "Recitation of Surah Fath:"
2 Ahmed M = "This refers to the treaty of Hudaybiyah - when the Quraysh of Mecca finally recognized Islam - afters years of conflict."
3 Ahmed M = "Allah has forgiven their past mistakes, and any future mistakes will be prevented by Allah."
4 Ahmed M = "Allah has forgiven their past mistakes, and any future mistakes will be prevented by Allah."
5 Ahmed M = "Victory was achieved through cool courage, tranquility and calmness among the 1500 men (approx) - who went the Prophet to Hudaybiyah."