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Sura XXXIII Ahzab, Or The Confederates In The Holy Quran

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The Holy Quran, tr. by Yusuf Ali, [1934] In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 1. O Prophet! Fear God, And hearken not To the Unbelievers And the Hypocrites: Verily god is full Of knowledge and wisdom. 2. But follow that which Comes to thee by inspiration From thy Lord: for God Is well acquainted With (all) that ye do. 3. And put thy trust In God, and enough is God As a Disposer of affairs. 4. God has not made For any man two hearts In his (one) body: nor has He made your wives whom Ye divorce by Ẓihār Your mothers: nor has He Made your adopted sons Your sons. Such is (only) Your (manner of) speech By your mouths. but God Tells (you) the Truth, and He Shows the (right) Way. 5. Call them by (the names Of) their fathers: that is Juster in the sight of God. But if ye know not Their father's (names, call Them) your Brothers in faith, Or your Maulās. But there is no blame On you if ye make A mistake therein: (What counts is) The intention of your hearts: And god is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. 6. The Prophet is closer To the Believers than Their own selves, And his wives are Their mothers. Blood-relations Among each other have Closer personal ties, In the Decree of God. Than (the Brotherhood of) Believers and Muhājirs: Nevertheless do ye What is just to your Closest friends: such is The writing in the Decree (Of God). 7. And remember We took From the Prophets their Covenant: As (We did) from thee: From Noah, Abraham, Moses, And Jesus the son of Mary: We took from them A solemn Covenant: 8. That (God) may question The (Custodians) of Truth concerning The Truth they (were charged with): And He has prepared For the Unbelievers A grievous Penalty. 9. O ye who believe! Remember the Grace of God, (Bestowed) on you, when There came down on you Hosts (to overwhelm you): But We sent against them A hurricane and forces That ye saw not: But God sees (clearly) All that ye do. 10. Behold! they came on you From above you and from Below you, and behold, The eyes became dim And the hearts gaped Up to the throats, And ye imagined various (Vain) thoughts about God! 11. In that situation Were the Believers tried: They were shaken as by A tremendous shaking. 12. Find behold! The Hypocrites And those in whose hearts Is a disease (even) say: "God And His Apostle promised us Nothing but delusions!" 13. Behold! A party among them Said: "Ye men of Yathrib! Ye cannot stand (the attack)! Therefore go back!" And a band of them Ask for leave of the Prophet, Saying, "Truly our houses Are bare and exposed," though They were not exposed: They intended nothing but To run away. 14. And if an entry had Been effected to them From the sides of the (City), And they had been Incited to sedition. They would certainly have Brought it to pass, with None but a brief delay! 15. And yet they had already Covenanted with God not to turn Their backs, and a covenant With God must (surely) Be answered for. 16. Say: "Running away will not Profit you if ye are Running away from death Or slaughter; and even if (Ye do escape), no more Than a brief (respite) Will ye be allowed to enjoy!" 17. Say: "Who is it that can Screen you from God If it be His wish To give you Punishment Or to give you Mercy?" Nor will they find for themselves, Besides God, any protector Or helper. 18. Verily God knows those Among you who keep back (Men) and those who say To their brethren, "Come along To us", but come not To the fight except For just a little while, 19. Covetous over you Then when fear comes, Thou wilt see them looking To thee, their eyes revolving, Like (those of) one over whom Hovers death: but when The fear is past, They will smite you With sharp tongues, covetous Of goods. Such men have No faith, and so God Has made their deeds Of none effect: and that Is easy for God. 20. They think that the Confederates Have not withdrawn; and if The Confederates should come (again), They would wish they were In the deserts (wandering) Among the Bedouins, and Seeking news about you (From a safe distance); And if they were In your midst, they Would fight but little. 21. Ye have indeed In the Apostle of God A beautiful pattern (of conduct) For any one whose hope is In God and the Final Day, And who engages much In the praise of God. 22. When the Believers saw The Confederate forces, They said: "This is What God and His Apostle is Had promised us, and God And His Apostle told us What was true." And it Only added to their faith And their zeal in obedience. 23. Among the Believers are then Who have been true to Their Covenant with God: Of them some have completed Their vow (to the extreme), And some (still) wait: But they have never changed (Their determination) in the least: 24. That God may reward The men of Truth for Their Truth, and punish The Hypocrites if that be His Will, or turn to them In Mercy: for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 25. And God turned back The Unbelievers for (all) Their fury: no advantage Did they gain; and enough Is God for the Believers In their fight. And God Is full of Strength, Able To enforce His Will. 26. And those of the people Of the Book who aided Them—God did take them Down from their strongholds And cast terror into Their hearts, (so that) Some ye slew, and some Ye made prisoners, 27. And He made you heirs Of their lands, their houses, And their goods, And of a land which Ye had not frequented (Before). And God has Power over all things. 28. O Prophet! say To thy Consorts: "If it be that ye desire The life of this world, And its glitter,—then come! I will provide for your Enjoyment and set you free In a handsome manner. 29. But if ye seek God And His Apostle, and The Home of the Hereafter, Verily God has prepared For the well-doers amongst you A great reward. 30. O Consorts of the Prophet If any of you were guilty Of evident unseemly conduct, The Punishment would be Doubled to her, and that Is easy for God 31. But any of you that is Devout in the service of God and His Apostle, And works righteousness,— To her shall We grant Her reward twice: and We Have prepared for her A generous Sustenance. 32. O Consorts of the Prophet! Ye are not like any Of the (other) women: If ye do fear (God), Be not too complaisant Of speech, lest one In whose heart is A disease should be moved With desire: but speak ye A speech (that is) just. 33. And stay quietly in Your houses, and make not A dazzling display, like That of the former Times Of Ignorance; and establish Regular Prayer, and give Regular Charity; and obey God and His Apostle. And God only wishes To remove all abomination From you, ye Members Of the Family, and to make You pure and spotless. 34. And recite what is Rehearsed to you in your Homes, of the Signs of God And His Wisdom: For God understands The finest mysteries and Is well-acquainted (with them). 35. For Muslim men and women,— For believing men and women, For devout men and women, For true men and women, For men and women who are Patient and constant, for men And women who humble themselves For men and women who give In charity, for men and women Who fast (and deny themselves), For men and women who Guard their chastity, and For men and women who Engage much in God's praise,— For them has God prepared Forgiveness and great reward. 36. It is not fitting For a Believer, man or woman. When a matter has been decided By God and His Apostle, To have any option About their decision: If any one disobeys God And His Apostle, he is indeed On a clearly wrong Path. 37. Behold! thou didst say To one who had received The grace of God And thy favour: "Retain thou (In wedlock) thy wife, And fear God." But thou Didst hide in thy heart That which God was about To make manifest: thou didst Fear the people, but it is More fitting that thou shouldst Fear God. Then when Zaid Had dissolved (his marriage) With her, with the necessary (Formality), We joined her In marriage to thee: In order that (in future) There may be no difficulty To the Believers in (the matter Of) marriage with the vives Of their adopted sons, when The latter have dissolved With the necessary (formality) (Their marriage) with them. And God's command must Be fulfilled. 38. There can be no difficulty To the Prophet in what God has indicated to him As a duty. It was The practice (approved) of God Amongst those of old That have passed away. And the command of God Is a decree determined. 39. (It is the practice of those) Who preach the Messages Of God, and fear Him, And fear none but God. And enough is God To call (men) to account. 40. Muhammad is not The father of any Of your men, but (he is) The Apostle of God, And the Seal of the Prophets: And God has full knowledge Of all things. 41. O ye who believe! Celebrate the praises of God, And do this often; 42. And glorify Him Morning and evening. 43. He it is Who sends Blessings on you, as do His angels, that He may Bring you out from the depths Of Darkness into Light: And He is Full of Mercy To the Believers. 44. Their salutation on the Day They meet Him will be "Peace!"; and He has Prepared for them A generous Reward. 45. O Prophet! Truly We Have sent thee as A Witness, a Bearer Of Glad Tidings, And a Warner,— 46. And as one who invites To God's (Grace) by His leave, And as a Lamp Spreading Light. 47. Then give the glad tidings To the Believers, that They shall have from God A very great Bounty. 48. And obey not (the behests) Of the Unbelievers And the Hypocrites, And heed not their annoyances, But put thy trust in God. For enough is God As a Disposer of affairs. 49. O ye who believe! When ye marry believing women, And then divorce them Before ye have touched them, No period of ’Iddat Have ye to count In respect of them: So give them a present, And set them free In a handsome manner. 50. O Prophet! We have Made lawful to thee Thy wives to whom thou Hast paid their dowers; And those whom thy Right hand possesses out of The prisoners of war whom God has assigned to thee; And daughters of thy paternal Uncles and aunts, and daughters Of thy maternal uncles And aunts, who migrated (From Mecca) with thee; And any believing woman Who dedicates her soul To the Prophet if the Prophet Wishes to wed her;—this Only for thee, and not For the Believers (at large); We know what We have Appointed for them as to Their wives and the captives Whom their right hands Possess;—in order that There should be no difficulty For thee. And God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 51. Thou mayest defer (the turn Of) any of them that thou Pleasest, and thou mayest receive Any thou pleasest: and there Is no blame on thee if Thou invite one whose (turn) Thou hadst set aside. This were nigher to The cooling of their eyes, The prevention of their grief, And their satisfaction— That of all of them— With that which thou Hast to give them: And God knows (all) That is in your hearts: And God is All-Knowing, Most Forbearing. 52. It is not lawful for thee (To marry more) women After this, nor to change Them for (other) wives, Even though their beauty Attract thee, except any Thy right hand should Possess (as handmaidens): And God doth watch Over all things. 53. O ye who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses,— Until leave is given you, For a meal, (and then) Not (so early as) to wait For its preparation: but when Ye are invited, enter; And when ye have taken Your meal, disperse, Without seeking familiar talk. Such (behaviour) annoys The Prophet: he is ashamed To dismiss you, but God is not ashamed (To tell you) the truth. And when ye Ask (his ladies) For anything ye want, Ask them from before A screen: that makes For greater purity for Your hearts and for theirs. Nor is it right for you That ye should annoy God's Apostle, or that Ye should marry his widows After him at any time. Truly such a thing is In God's sight an enormity. 54. Whether ye reveal anything Or conceal it, verily God has full knowledge Of all things. 55. There is no blame (On these ladies if they Appear) before their fathers Or their sons, their brothers, Or their brothers’ sons, Or their sisters’ sons, Or their women, Or the (slaves) whom Their right hands possess. And, (ladies), fear God; For God is Witness To all things. 56. God and His Angels Send blessings on the Prophet: O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him, And salute him With all respect. 57. Those who annoy God and His Apostle— God has cursed them In this world and In the Hereafter, And has prepared for them A humiliating Punishment. 58. And those who annoy Believing men and women Undeservedly, bear (on themselves) A calumny and a glaring sin. 59. O Prophet! Tell Thy wives and daughters, And the believing women, That they should cast Their outer garments over Their persons (when abroad): That is most convenient, That they should be known (As such) and not molested. And God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 60. Truly, if the Hypocrites, And those in whose hearts Is a disease, and those who Stir up sedition in the City, Desist not, We shall certainly Stir thee up against them: Then will they not be Able to stay in it As thy neighbours For any length of time: 61. They shall have a curse On them: wherever they Are found, they shall be Seized and slain (Without mercy). 62. (Such was) the practice (Approved) of God among those Who lived aforetime: No change wilt thou find In the practice (approved) Of God. 63. Men ask thee concerning The Hour: say, "The knowledge Thereof is with God (alone)": And what will make thee Understand?—perchance The Hour is nigh! 64. Verily God has cursed The Unbelievers and prepared For them a Blazing Fire,— 65. To dwell therein for ever: No protector will they find, Nor helper. 66. The Day that their faces Will be turned upside down In the Fire, they will say: "Woe to us! would that We had obeyed God And obeyed the Apostle!" 67. And they would say: "Our Lord! We obeyed Our chiefs and our great ones, And they misled us As to the (right) path. 68. "Our Lord! Give them Double Penalty And curse them With a very great Curse!" 69. O ye who believe! Be ye not like those Who vexed and insulted Moses, But God cleared him Of the (calumnies) they Had uttered: and he Was honourable in God's sight. 70. O ye who believe! Fear God, and (always) say A word directed to the Right: 71. That He may make Your conduct whole and sound And forgive you your sins: He that obeys God And His Apostle, has already Attained the highest Achievement. 72. We did indeed offer The Trust to the Heavens And the Earth And the Mountains; But they refused To undertake it, Being afraid thereof: But man undertook it;— He was indeed unjust And foolish;— 73. (With the result (that God has to punish The Hypocrites, men and women, And the Unbelievers, men And women, and God turns In Mercy to the Believers, Men and women: for God Is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Table of Contents

Sra I. Ftia, Or The Opening Chapter
Sra Ii. Baqara, Or The Heifer
Sra Iii. L-I-Imrn, Or The Family Of Imrn
Sra Iv. Nisa, Or The Women
Sra V. Mda, Or The Table Spread.
Sra Vi. Anm, Or Cattle
Sra Vii. Arf, Or The Heights
Sra Viii. Anfl, Or The Spoils Of War
Sra Ix. Tauba (Repentance) Or Barat (Immunity)
Sra X. Ynus, Or Jonah
Sra Xi. Hd (The Prophet Hd)
Sra Xii. Ysuf, Or Joseph
Sra Xiii. Rad Or Thunder
Sra Xiv. Ibrhm, Or Abraham
Sra Xv. Al-Hijr. Or The Rocky Tract
Sra Xvi. Nal Or The Bee
Sra Xvii. Ban Isr-L, Or The Children Of Israel.
Sra Xviii. Kahf, Or The Cave
Sra Xix. Maryam, Or Mary.
Sra Xx. -H (Mystic Letters, . H.)
Sra Xxi. Anbiya, Or The Prophets
Sra Xxii. Ajj, Or The Pilgrimage
Sra Xxiii. M-Minn
Sra Xxiv. Nr, Or Light
Sra Xxv. Furqn, Or The Criterion
Sra Xxvi. Shuara, Or The Poets
Sra Xxvii. Naml, Or The Ants
Sra Xxviii. Qaa, Or The Narration
Sra Xxix. Ankabt, Or The Spider
Sra Xxx. Rm, Or The Roman Empire.
Sra Xxxi. Luqmn (The Wise).
Sra Xxxii. Sajda, Or Adoration
Sra Xxxiii. Azb, Or The Confederates.
Sra Xxxiv. Sab, Or The City Of Sab
Sra Xxxv. Fir, Or The Originator Of Creation; Or Malka, Or The Angels
Sra Xxxvi. Y-Sn (Being Abbreviated Letters).
Sra Xxxvii. Fft, Or Those Ranged In Ranks.
Sra Xxxviii. D (Being One Of The Abbreviated Letters)
Sra Xxxix.: Zumar, Or The Crowds.
Sra Xl. M-Min, Or The Believer
Sra Xli. H-Mm (Abbreviated Letters), Or -Mm Sajda, Or Fuilat
Sra Xlii. Shr, Or Consultation
Sra Xliii.: Zukhruf, Or Gold Adornments.
Sra Xliv.: Dukhn, Or Smoke (Or Mist).
Sra Xlv. Jathiya, Or Bowing The Knee.
Sra Xlvi.: Aqf, Or Winding Sand-Tracts.
Sra Xlvii. Muammad (The Prophet).
Sra Xlviii. Fat- Or Victory.
Sra Xlix. Ujurt, Or The Inner Apartments.
Sra L. Qf.
Sra Li. Zriyt, Or The Winds That Scatter.
Sra Lii. R, Or The Mount.
Sra Liii. Najm, Or The Star.
Sra Liv. Qamar, Or The Moon.
Sra Lv. Ramn, Or (God) Most Gracious.
Sra Lvi. Wqia, Or The Inevitable Event.
Sra Lvii. Add, Or Iron.
Sra Lviii. Mujdila, Or The Woman Who Pleads.
Sra Lix. Ashr, Or The Gathering
Sra Lx. Mumtaana, Or The Woman To Be Examined.
Sra Lxi. Aff, Or Battle Array.
Sra Lxii. Jumua, Or The Assembly (Friday) Prayer
Sra Lxiii. Munfiqn, Or The Hypocrites.
Sra Lxiv. Tagbun, Or Mutual Loss And Gain.
Sra Lxv. Alq, Or Divorce.
Sra Lxvi. Tarm, Or Holding (Something) To Be Forbidden.
Sra Lxvii. Mulk, Or Dominion.
Sra Lxviii. Qalam, Or The Pen, Or Nn
Sra Lxix. Qqa, Or The Sure Reality.
Sra Lxx. Marij, Or The Ways Of Ascent.
Sra Lxxi. N, Or Noah.
Sra Lxxii. Jinn, Or The Spirits.
Sra Lxxiii. Muzzammil, Or Folded In Garments.
Sra Lxxiv. Muddaththir, Or One Wrapped Up.
Sra Lxxv. Qiymat, Or The Resurrection.
Sra Lxxvi. Dahr, Or Time, Or Insn, Or Man.
Sra Lxxvii. Mursalt, Or Those Sent Forth
Sra Lxxviii. Nabaa, Or The (Great) News
Sra Lxxix. Nzit, Or Those Who Tear Out.
Sra Lxxx. Abasa. Or He Frowned.
Sra Lxxxi. Takwr, Or The Folding Up.
Sra Lxxxii. Infir, Or The Cleaving Asunder.
Sra Lxxxiii. Taff, Or Dealing In Fraud.
Sra Lxxxiv. Inshiqq, Or The Rending Asunder.
Sra Lxxxv. Burj, Or The Zodiacal Signs
Sra Lxxxvi. Riq, Or The Night-Visitant
Sra Lxxxvii. Al, Or The Most High.
Sra Lxxxviii. Gshiya, Or The Overwhelming Event.
Sra Lxxxix. Fajr, Or The Break Of Day.
Sra Xc. Balad, Or The City
Sra Xci. Shams, Or The Sun.
Sra Xcii. Lail, Or The Night.
Sra Xciii. Dhuh, Or The Glorious Morning Light.
Sra Xciv. Inshir, Or The Expansion.
Sra Xcv. Tn, Or The Fig
Sra Xcvi. Iqraa, Or Read! Or Proclaim! Or Alaq, Or The Clot Of Congealed Blood
Sra Xcvii. Qadr, Or The Night Of Power (Or Honour).
Sra Xcviii. Baiyina, Or The Clear Evidence.
Sra Xcix. Zilzl, Or The Convulsion.
Sra C. Adiyt, Or Those That Run.
Sra Ci. Al-Qria, Or The Day Of Noise And Clamour.
Sra Cii. Takathur Or Piling Up.
Sra Ciii. Ar, Or Time Through The Ages.
Sra Civ. Humaza, Or The Scandal-Monger.
Sra Cv. Fl, Or The Elephant.
Sra Cvi. The Quraish, (Custodians Of The Kaba).
Sra Cvii. Mn, Or Neighbourly Needs.
Sra Cviii. Kauthar, Or Abundance.
Sra Cix. Kfirn, Or Those Who Reject Faith.
Sra Cx. Nar, Or Help.
Sra Cxi. Lahab, Or (The Father Of) Flame.
Sra Cxii. Ikhl, Or Purity (Of Faith).
Sra Cxiii. Falaq, Or The Dawn.
Sra Cxiv. Ns, Or Mankind.

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1 Sahil Badruddin = "Recitation of Surah Ahzab:"
2 Ahmed M = "The slanders on 'A'ishah had been stilled, and the true position of the Mothers of the Believers had been cleared. A further exposition of the purity of sexual relations was given, based on the story of Zaynab, the "Mother of the Poor"."
3 Ahmed M = "In the most adverse circumstances, in the midst of the assaults of Evil, the plots of treason and hypocrisy, the darts of slander and false charges, and stupid superstitions and taboos, the Prophet of Allah should steer his course steadily according to Allah's Law and not fear human evil, in whatever form it appears. Men may misjudge, but Allah knows all."
4 Ahmed M = "We must wholly trust Allah: He is the true and efficient Guardian of all interests."