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Sura XXXIx Zumar, Or The Crowds, The Holy Quran

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The Holy Quran, tr. by Yusuf Ali, [1934] In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 1. The revelation Of this Book Is from God, The Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. 2. Verily it is We Who have Revealed the Book to thee In Truth: so serve God, Offering Him sincere devotion. 3. Is it not to God That sincere devotion Is due? But those who Take for protectors others Than God (say): "We only Serve them in order that They may bring us nearer To God." Truly God Will judge between them In that wherein they differ. But God guides not Such as are false And ungrateful. 4. Had God wished To take to Himself A son, He could have Chosen whom He pleased Out of those whom He Doth create: but Glory Be to Him! (He is above Such things.) He is God, The One, the Irresistible. 5. He created the heavens And the earth In true (proportions): He makes the Night Overlap the Day, and the Day Overlap the Night: He has subjected The sun and the moon (To His law): Each one follows a course For a time appointed. Is not He the Exalted In Power—He Who forgives Again and again? 6. He created you (all) From a single Person: Then created, of like nature, His mate; and He Sent down for you eight head Of cattle in pairs: He makes you, In the wombs Of your mothers, In stages, one after another, In three veils of darkness. Such is God, your Lord And Cherisher: to Him belongs (All) dominion. There is No god but He: then How are ye turned away (From your true Centre)? 7. If ye reject (God), Truly God hath no need Of you; but He liketh not Ingratitude from His servants: If ye are grateful, He Is pleased with you. No bearer of burdens Can bear the burden Of another. In the End, To your Lord is your Return, When He will tell you The truth of all That ye did (in this life). For He knoweth well All that is in (men's) hearts. 8. When some trouble toucheth man, He crieth unto his Lord, Turning to Him in repentance: But when He bestoweth A favour upon him As from Himself, (man) Doth forget what he cried And prayed for before, And he doth set up Rivals unto God, Thus misleading others From God's Path. Say, "Enjoy thy blasphemy For a little while: Verily thou art (one) Of the Companions of the Fire!" 9. Is one who worships devoutly During the hours of the night Prostrating himself or standing (In adoration), who takes heed Of the Hereafter, and who Places his hope in the Mercy Of his Lord—(like one Who does not)? Say: "Are those equal, those who know And those who do not know? It is those who are Endued with understanding That receive admonition. 10. Say: "O ye My servants who believe! Fear your Lord. Good is (the reward) For those who do good In this world. Spacious is God's earth! Those who patiently persevere Will truly receive A reward without measure!" 11. Say: "Verily, I am commanded To serve God With sincere devotion; 12. "And I am commanded To be the first Of those who bow To God in Islam." 13. Say: "I would, if I Disobeyed my Lord, Indeed have fear Of the Penalty Of a Mighty Day." 14. Say: "It is God I serve, With my sincere (And exclusive) devotion: 15. "Serve ye what ye will Besides Him." Say: "Truly, those in loss Are those who lose Their own souls And their People On the Day of Judgment: Ah! that is indeed The (real and) evident Loss! 16. They shall have Layers Of Fire above them, And Layers (of Fire) Below them: with this Doth God warn off His Servants: "O My Servants! Then fear ye Me!" 17. Those who eschew Evil, And fall not into Its worship,—and turn To God (in repentance),— For them is Good News: So announce the Good News To My Servants,— 18. Those who listen To the Word, And follow The best (meaning) in it: Those are the ones Whom God has guided, and those Are the ones endued With understanding. 19. Is, then, one against whom The decree of Punishment Is justly due (equal To one who eschews evil)? Wouldst thou, then, deliver One (who is) in the Fire? 20. But it is for those Who fear their Lord, That lofty mansions, One above another, Have been built: Beneath them flow Rivers (of delight): (such is) The Promise of God: Never doth God fail in (His) promise. 21. Seest thou not that God Sends down rain from The sky, and leads it Through springs in the earth.? Then He causes to grow, Therewith, produce of various Colours: then it withers; Thou wilt see it grow yellow; Then He makes it Dry up and crumble away. Truly, in this, is A Message of remembrance to Men of understanding. 22. Is one whose heart God has opened to Islam, So that he has received Enlightenment from God, (No better than one hard-hearted)? Woe to those whose hearts Are hardened against celebrating The praises of God! They Are manifestly wandering (In error)! 23. God has revealed (From time to time) The most beautiful Message In the form of a Book, Consistent with itself, (Yet) repeating (its teaching In various aspects): The skins of those who Fear their Lord tremble Thereat; then their skins And their hearts do soften To the celebration of God's praises. Such is The guidance of God: He guides therewith Whom He pleases, but such As God leaves to stray, Can have none to guide. 24. Is, then, one who Has to fear the brunt Of the Penalty on the Day Of Judgment (and receive it) On his face, (like one Guarded therefrom)? It will Be said to the wrong-doers: "Taste ye (the fruits Of) what ye earned! 25. Those before them (also) Rejected (revelation), and so The Punishment came to them From directions they did not Perceive. 26. So God gave them A taste of humiliation In the present life, But greater is the Punishment Of the Hereafter, If they only knew! 27. We have put forth For men, in this Qur-ān Every kind of Parable, In order that they May receive admonition. 28. (It is) a Qur-ān In Arabic, without any Crookedness (therein): In order that they May guard against Evil. 29. God puts forth a Parable— A man belonging to many Partners at variance with each other, And a man belonging entirely To one master: are those two Equal in comparison? Praise be to God! But most of them Have no knowledge. 30. Truly thou wilt die (One day), and truly they (Too) will die (one day). 31. In the End will ye (All), on the Day Of Judgment, settle your disputes In the presence of your Lord. 32. Who, then, doth more wrong Than one who utters A lie concerning God, And rejects the Truth When it comes to him Is there not in Hell An abode for blasphemers? 33. And he who brings the Truth And he who confirms (And supports) it—such are The men who do right. 34. They shall have all That they wish for, In the presence of their Lord: Such is the reward Of those who do good: 35. So that God will Turn off from them (Even) the worst in their deeds And give them their reward According to the best Of what they have done. 36. Is not God enough For His servant? But They try to frighten thee With other (gods) besides Him! For such as God leaves To stray, there can be No guide. 37. And such as God doth Guide there can be None to lead astray. Is not God Exalted In Power, (Able to enforce His Will), Lord of Retribution? 38. If indeed thou ask them Who it is that created The heavens and the earth, They would be sure to say. "God ". Say: "See ye then? The things that ye invoke Besides God,—can they, If God wills some Penalty For me, remove His Penalty?— Or if He wills some Grace For me, can they keep back His Grace?" Say: "Sufficient Is God for me! In Him trust those Who put their trust." 39. Say: "O my people! Do whatever ye can: I will do (my part): But soon will ye know— 40. "Who it is to whom Comes a Penalty Of ignominy, and on whom Descends a Penalty that abides." 41. Verily We have revealed The Book to thee In Truth, for (instructing) mankind. He, then, that receives guidance Benefits his own soul: But he that strays Injures his own soul. Nor art thou set Over them to dispose Of their affairs. 42. It is God that takes The souls (of men) at death; And those that die not (He takes) during their sleep: Those on whom He Has passed the decree Of death, He keeps back (From returning to life), But the rest He sends (To their bodies) For a term appointed. Verily in this are Signs For those who reflect. 43. What! Do they take For intercessors others Besides God? Say: "Even if They have no power whatever And no intelligence?" 44. Say: "To God belongs Exclusively (the right To grant) Intercession: To Him belongs the dominion Of the heavens and the earth: In the End, it is to Him That ye shall be Brought back." 45. When God, the One and Only, Is mentioned, the hearts Of those who believe not In the Hereafter are filled With disgust and horror; But when (gods) other than He Are mentioned, behold, They are filled with joy! 46. Say: "O God! Creator of the heavens And the earth! Knower of all that is Hidden and open! It is Thou that wilt Judge between Thy Servants In those matters about which They have differed." 47. Even if the wrong-doers Had all that there is On earth, and as much more, (In vain) would they offer it For ransom from the pain Of the Penalty on the Day Of Judgment: but something Will confront them from God, Which they could never Have counted upon! 48. For the evils of their Deeds Will confront them, And they will be (completely) Encircled by that which They used to mock at! 49. Now, when trouble touches man, He cries to Us: But when We bestow A favour upon him As from Ourselves, He says, "This has been Given to me because of A certain knowledge (I have)!" Nay, but this is But a trial, but most Of them understand not! 50. Thus did the (generations) Before them say! But All that they did Was of no profit to them. 51. Nay, the evil results Of their deeds overtook them. And the wrong-doers Of this (generation) The evil results of their deeds Will soon overtake them (too), And they will never be Able to frustrate (Our Plan)! 52. Know they not that God enlarges the provision Or restricts it, for any He pleases? Verily, in this are Signs for those who believe! 53. Say: "O my Servants who Have transgressed against their souls Despair not of the Mercy Of God: for God forgives All sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 54. "Turn ye to your Lord (In repentance) and bow To His (Will), before The Penalty comes on you: After that ye shall not Be helped. 55. "And follow the Best Of (the courses) revealed To you from your Lord, Before the Penalty comes On you—of a sudden, While ye perceive not!— 56. "Lest the soul should (then) Say: "Ah! woe is me!— In that I neglected (My Duty) towards God, And was but among those Who mocked!"— 57. "Or (lest) it should say: "If only God had guided Me, I should certainly Have been among the righteous!"— 58. "Or (lest) it should say When it (actually) sees The Penalty, "If only I had another chance, I should certainly be Among those who do good!" 59. "(The reply will be:) "Nay, But there came to thee My Signs, and thou didst Reject them: thou vast Haughty, and became one Of those who reject Faith! 60. (On the Day of Judgment Wilt thou see those Who told lies against God;— Their faces will be turned Black; is there not In Hell an abode For the Haughty? 61. But God will deliver The righteous to their place Of salvation: no evil Shall touch them, Nor shall they grieve. 62. God is the Creator Of all things, and He Is the Guardian and Disposer Of all affairs. 63. To Him belong the keys Of the heavens And the earth: And those who reject The Signs of God,— It is they who will Be in loss. 64. Say: "Is it Some one other than God That ye order me To worship, O ye Ignorant ones?" 65. But it has already Been revealed to thee,— As it was to those Before thee,—"If thou Wert to join (gods With God), truly fruitless Will be thy work (in life), And thou wilt surely Be in the ranks of those Who lose (all spiritual good)". 66. Nay, but worship God, And be of those who Give thanks. 67. No just estimate Have they made of God, Such as is due to Him: On the Day of Judgment The whole of the earth Will be but His handful, And the heavens will be Rolled up in His right hand: Glory to Him! High is He above The Partners they attribute To Him! 68. The Trumpet will (just) Be sounded, when all That are in the heavens And on earth will swoon, Except such as it will Please God (to exempt). Then will a second one Be sounded, when, behold, They will be standing And looking on! 69. And the Earth will shine With the glory of its Lord: The Record (of Deeds) Will be placed (open); The prophets and the witnesses Will be brought forward; And a just decision Pronounced between them; And they will not Be wronged (in the least). 70. And to every soul will be Paid in full (the fruit) Of its deeds; and (God) Knoweth best all that They do. 71. The Unbelievers will be Led to Hell in crowd: Until, when they arrive there, Its gates will be opened. And its Keepers will say, "Did not apostles come To you from among yourselves, Rehearsing to you the Signs Of your Lord, and warning you Of the Meeting of this Day Of yours?" The answer Will be: "True: but The Decree of Punishment Has been proved true Against the Unbelievers!" 72. (To them) will be said: "Enter ye the gates of Hell, To dwell therein: And evil is (this) Abode of the arrogant!" 73. And those who feared Their Lord will be led To the Garden in crowds: Until behold, they arrive there; Its gates will be opened; And its Keepers will say: "Peace be upon you! Well have ye done!" Enter ye here, To dwell therein." 74. They will say: "Praise be To God, Who has Truly fulfilled His promise To us, and has given us (This) land in heritage: We can dwell in the Garden As we will: how excellent A reward for those Who work (righteousness)!" 75. And thou wilt see The angels surrounding The Throne (Divine) On all sides, singing Glory And Praise to their Lord. The Decision between them (At Judgment) will be In (perfect) justice, And the cry (on all sides) Will be, "Praise be to God, The Lord of the Worlds!"

Table of Contents

Sra I. Ftia, Or The Opening Chapter
Sra Ii. Baqara, Or The Heifer
Sra Iii. L-I-Imrn, Or The Family Of Imrn
Sra Iv. Nisa, Or The Women
Sra V. Mda, Or The Table Spread.
Sra Vi. Anm, Or Cattle
Sra Vii. Arf, Or The Heights
Sra Viii. Anfl, Or The Spoils Of War
Sra Ix. Tauba (Repentance) Or Barat (Immunity)
Sra X. Ynus, Or Jonah
Sra Xi. Hd (The Prophet Hd)
Sra Xii. Ysuf, Or Joseph
Sra Xiii. Rad Or Thunder
Sra Xiv. Ibrhm, Or Abraham
Sra Xv. Al-Hijr. Or The Rocky Tract
Sra Xvi. Nal Or The Bee
Sra Xvii. Ban Isr-L, Or The Children Of Israel.
Sra Xviii. Kahf, Or The Cave
Sra Xix. Maryam, Or Mary.
Sra Xx. -H (Mystic Letters, . H.)
Sra Xxi. Anbiya, Or The Prophets
Sra Xxii. Ajj, Or The Pilgrimage
Sra Xxiii. M-Minn
Sra Xxiv. Nr, Or Light
Sra Xxv. Furqn, Or The Criterion
Sra Xxvi. Shuara, Or The Poets
Sra Xxvii. Naml, Or The Ants
Sra Xxviii. Qaa, Or The Narration
Sra Xxix. Ankabt, Or The Spider
Sra Xxx. Rm, Or The Roman Empire.
Sra Xxxi. Luqmn (The Wise).
Sra Xxxii. Sajda, Or Adoration
Sra Xxxiii. Azb, Or The Confederates.
Sra Xxxiv. Sab, Or The City Of Sab
Sra Xxxv. Fir, Or The Originator Of Creation; Or Malka, Or The Angels
Sra Xxxvi. Y-Sn (Being Abbreviated Letters).
Sra Xxxvii. Fft, Or Those Ranged In Ranks.
Sra Xxxviii. D (Being One Of The Abbreviated Letters)
Sra Xxxix.: Zumar, Or The Crowds.
Sra Xl. M-Min, Or The Believer
Sra Xli. H-Mm (Abbreviated Letters), Or -Mm Sajda, Or Fuilat
Sra Xlii. Shr, Or Consultation
Sra Xliii.: Zukhruf, Or Gold Adornments.
Sra Xliv.: Dukhn, Or Smoke (Or Mist).
Sra Xlv. Jathiya, Or Bowing The Knee.
Sra Xlvi.: Aqf, Or Winding Sand-Tracts.
Sra Xlvii. Muammad (The Prophet).
Sra Xlviii. Fat- Or Victory.
Sra Xlix. Ujurt, Or The Inner Apartments.
Sra L. Qf.
Sra Li. Zriyt, Or The Winds That Scatter.
Sra Lii. R, Or The Mount.
Sra Liii. Najm, Or The Star.
Sra Liv. Qamar, Or The Moon.
Sra Lv. Ramn, Or (God) Most Gracious.
Sra Lvi. Wqia, Or The Inevitable Event.
Sra Lvii. Add, Or Iron.
Sra Lviii. Mujdila, Or The Woman Who Pleads.
Sra Lix. Ashr, Or The Gathering
Sra Lx. Mumtaana, Or The Woman To Be Examined.
Sra Lxi. Aff, Or Battle Array.
Sra Lxii. Jumua, Or The Assembly (Friday) Prayer
Sra Lxiii. Munfiqn, Or The Hypocrites.
Sra Lxiv. Tagbun, Or Mutual Loss And Gain.
Sra Lxv. Alq, Or Divorce.
Sra Lxvi. Tarm, Or Holding (Something) To Be Forbidden.
Sra Lxvii. Mulk, Or Dominion.
Sra Lxviii. Qalam, Or The Pen, Or Nn
Sra Lxix. Qqa, Or The Sure Reality.
Sra Lxx. Marij, Or The Ways Of Ascent.
Sra Lxxi. N, Or Noah.
Sra Lxxii. Jinn, Or The Spirits.
Sra Lxxiii. Muzzammil, Or Folded In Garments.
Sra Lxxiv. Muddaththir, Or One Wrapped Up.
Sra Lxxv. Qiymat, Or The Resurrection.
Sra Lxxvi. Dahr, Or Time, Or Insn, Or Man.
Sra Lxxvii. Mursalt, Or Those Sent Forth
Sra Lxxviii. Nabaa, Or The (Great) News
Sra Lxxix. Nzit, Or Those Who Tear Out.
Sra Lxxx. Abasa. Or He Frowned.
Sra Lxxxi. Takwr, Or The Folding Up.
Sra Lxxxii. Infir, Or The Cleaving Asunder.
Sra Lxxxiii. Taff, Or Dealing In Fraud.
Sra Lxxxiv. Inshiqq, Or The Rending Asunder.
Sra Lxxxv. Burj, Or The Zodiacal Signs
Sra Lxxxvi. Riq, Or The Night-Visitant
Sra Lxxxvii. Al, Or The Most High.
Sra Lxxxviii. Gshiya, Or The Overwhelming Event.
Sra Lxxxix. Fajr, Or The Break Of Day.
Sra Xc. Balad, Or The City
Sra Xci. Shams, Or The Sun.
Sra Xcii. Lail, Or The Night.
Sra Xciii. Dhuh, Or The Glorious Morning Light.
Sra Xciv. Inshir, Or The Expansion.
Sra Xcv. Tn, Or The Fig
Sra Xcvi. Iqraa, Or Read! Or Proclaim! Or Alaq, Or The Clot Of Congealed Blood
Sra Xcvii. Qadr, Or The Night Of Power (Or Honour).
Sra Xcviii. Baiyina, Or The Clear Evidence.
Sra Xcix. Zilzl, Or The Convulsion.
Sra C. Adiyt, Or Those That Run.
Sra Ci. Al-Qria, Or The Day Of Noise And Clamour.
Sra Cii. Takathur Or Piling Up.
Sra Ciii. Ar, Or Time Through The Ages.
Sra Civ. Humaza, Or The Scandal-Monger.
Sra Cv. Fl, Or The Elephant.
Sra Cvi. The Quraish, (Custodians Of The Kaba).
Sra Cvii. Mn, Or Neighbourly Needs.
Sra Cviii. Kauthar, Or Abundance.
Sra Cix. Kfirn, Or Those Who Reject Faith.
Sra Cx. Nar, Or Help.
Sra Cxi. Lahab, Or (The Father Of) Flame.
Sra Cxii. Ikhl, Or Purity (Of Faith).
Sra Cxiii. Falaq, Or The Dawn.
Sra Cxiv. Ns, Or Mankind.

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1 Sahil Badruddin = "Recitation of Surah Zumar:"
2 Ahmed M = "Unlike christianity, Islam rejects the idea of God having a son. If he has a son, where is His wife? If he has a son, are you implying that God is human?"
3 Enakshi Ganguly = "None of us are worthy to be God's children, we are merely His servants. We commit to servanthood and show Him our devotion through our service. ‘Ibada- service/servanthood. Governs one’s relationship with God, personal submission to God, through acts of Worship, fasting, prayer, zakat, and Hajj."
4 Enakshi Ganguly = "When God created everything, he also created Islam simultaneously.All human souls were created from a single soul (a single nafs). Therefore, he created all of humanity in other words together. He made Adam out of clay.After all human souls have been created, God made a covenant with all souls. God asks, “Am I not Your Lord?” The spirits reply, “Yes, You are and we testify.” So all humans have encountered God before their birth. God decides to create Adam. Angels object to this. Angels say that man will cause bloodshed. Adam’s violent nature. God teaches Adam the names of all things. God commands the angels/jinn to bow down to Adam. Iblis refuses. Iblis is then expelled. At the same time, God instructs Adam and Eve to not eat from the Tree of Life.Iblis convinces the two to eat so that they would become immortal. After they eat, they become aware of their nakedness. God discovers their disobedience. God reprimands them. They then repent and God forgives them. They’ve changed; they have a sense of guilt and shame. They are sent into dunya (the earthly world). God warns them about shaytan and his guidance. Don't forget to clothe yourself in taqwa, God consciousness. "
5 Ahmed M = "Allah is not vulnerable to the ingratitude of human beings and he does not depend on wants and desires."
6 Ahmed M = "Man forgets that prosperity is from Allah; he attributes it to secondary causes like his intelligence or power. Allah is the ultimate cause of everything."
7 Enakshi Ganguly = ""