1Sahil B = ""That being said, there were some theological differences that Muhammad considered intolerably
heretical innovations created by ignorance and error. Chief among these was the concept of the Trinity.
“God is one,” the Quran states definitively. “God is eternal. He has neither begotten anyone, nor is he
begotten of anyone” (112:1–3).
Yet this verse, and the many others like it in the Quran, is in no way a condemnation of Christianity per
se but of Imperial Byzantine (Trinitarian) Orthodoxy, which, as noted, was neither the sole nor the dominant
Christian position in the Hijaz. From the beginning of his ministry, Muhammad revered Jesus as the
greatest of God’s messengers. Much of the Gospel narrative is recounted in the Quran, though in a
somewhat abridged version, including Jesus’ virgin birth (3:47), his miracles (3:49), his identity as Messiah
(3:45), and the expectation of his judgment over humanity at the end of time (4:159).
What the Quran does not accept, however, is the belief of those Orthodox Trinitarians who argued that
Jesus was himself God. These Christians Muhammad did not even consider to be Peoples of the Book: “It
is the unbeliever who says, ‘God is the third of three,’ ” the Quran declares. “There is only God the One!”
(5:73). It was Muhammad’s belief that Orthodox Christians had corrupted the original message of Jesus,
who the Quran contends never claimed divinity and never asked to be worshipped (5:116–18), but rather
commanded his disciples to “worship God, who is my Lord and your Lord” (5:72)."-No god but God, Reza Aslan"