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Rig-Veda, Book 10 Hymn CXXIX. Creation., Rig Veda

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Rig Veda, tr. by Ralph T.H. Griffith, [1896], at sacred-texts.com 1. THEN was not non-existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it. What covered in, and where? and what gave shelter? Was water there, unfathomed depth of water? 2 Death was not then, nor was there aught immortal: no sign was there, the day's and night's divider. That One Thing, breathless, breathed by its own nature: apart from it was nothing whatsoever. 3 Darkness there was: at first concealed in darkness this All was indiscriminated chaos. All that existed then was void and form less: by the great power of Warmth was born that Unit. 4 Thereafter rose Desire in the beginning, Desire, the primal seed and germ of Spirit. Sages who searched with their heart's thought discovered the existent's kinship in the non-existent. 5 Transversely was their severing line extended: what was above it then, and what below it? There were begetters, there were mighty forces, free action here and energy up yonder 6 Who verily knows and who can here declare it, whence it was born and whence comes this creation? The Gods are later than this world's production. Who knows then whence it first came into being? 7 He, the first origin of this creation, whether he formed it all or did not form it, Whose eye controls this world in highest heaven, he verily knows it, or perhaps he knows not.

Table of Contents

Hymn I. Agni.
Hymn Ii. Agni.
Hymn Iii. Agni.
Hymn Iv. Agni.
Hymn V. Agni.
Hymn Vi Agni
Hymn Vii. Agni.
Hymn Viii. Agni.
Hymn Ix. Waters.
Hymn X.Yama Yami.
Hymn Xi. Agni
Hymn Xii. Agni
Hymn Xiii Havirdhanas.
Hymn Xiv. Yama.
Hymn Xv. Fathers.
Hymn Xvi. Agni.
Hymn Xvii. Various Deities.
Hymn Xviii. Various Deities.
Hymn Xix. Waters Or Cows.
Hymn Xx. Agni.
Hymn Xxi. Agni.
Hymn Xxii. Indra.
Hymn Xxiii. Indra.
Hymn Xxiv. Indra. Avins.
Hymn Xxv. Soma.
Hymn Xxvi. Pan.
Hymn Xxvii. Indra.
Hymn Xxviii. Indra. Vasukra.
Hymn Xxix. Indra.
Hymn Xxx. Waters.
Hymn Xxxi. Vivedevas.
Hymn Xxxii. Indra.
Hymn Xxxiii. Various Deities.
Hymn Xxxiv. Dice, Etc.
Hymn Xxxv. Vivedevas.
Hymn Xxxvi. Vivedevas.
Hymn Xxxvii. Srya.
Hymn Xxxviii. Indra.
Hymn Xxxix. Avins.
Hymn Xl. Avins.
Hymn Xli. Avins.
Hymn Xlii. Indra.
Hymn Xliii. Indra.
Hymn Xliv. Indra.
Hymn Xlv. Agni.
Hymn Xlvi. Agni.
Hymn Xlvii. Indra Vaikuntha.
Hymn Xlviii. Indra Vaikuntha.
Hymn Xlix.Indra Vaikuntha.
Hymn L. Indra Vaikuntha.
Hymn Li. Agni. Gods.
Hymn Lii. Gods.
Hymn Liii. Agni Saucika Gods.
Hymn Liv. Indra.
Hymn Lv. Indra.
Hymn Lvi. Vivedevas.
Hymn Lvil Vivedevas.
Hymn Lviii. Mnas Or Spirit.
Hymn Lix. Nirrti And Others.
Hymn Lx. Asamati And Others.-
Hymn Lxi. Vivedevas.
Hymn Lxii. Vivedevas, Etc.
Hymn Lxiii. Vivedevas.
Hymn Lxiv. Vivedevas.
Hymn Lxv. Vivedevas.
Hymn Lxvi. Vivedevas.
Hymn Lxvii. Bhaspati.
Hymn Lxviii. Bhaspati.
Hymn Lxix. Agni.
Hymn Lxx. Prs.
Hymn Lxxi. Jnanam
Hymn Lxxii. The Gods.
Hymn Lxxiii. Indra.
Hymn Lxxiv. Indra.
Hymn Lxxv. The Rivers.
Hymn Lxxvi. Press-Stones.
Hymn Lxxvii. Maruts.
Hymn Lxxviii. Maruts.
Hymn Lxxix. Agni.
Hymn Lxxx. Agni.
Hymn Lxxxi. Visvakarman.
Hymn Lxxxii. Visvakarman.
Hymn Lxxxii. Manyu.
Hymn Lxxxiv. Manyu.
Hymn Lxxxv. Srya'S Bridal.
Hymn Lxxxvi. Indra.
Hymn Lxxxvii. Agni.
Hymn Lxxxviii. Agni.
Hymn Lxxxix. Indra.
Hymn Xc. Purua.
Hymn Xci. Agni.
Hymn Xcii. Vivedevas.
Hymn Xciii. Vivedevas.
Hymn Xciv. Press-Stones.
Hymn Xcv. Urvasi. Purravas.
Hymn Xcvi. Indra.
Hymn Xcvii. Praise Of Herbs.
Hymn Xcviii. The Gods.
Hymn Xcix. Indra.
Hymn C. Vivedevas.
Hymn Ci. Vivedevas.
Hymn Cii. Indra.
Hymn Ciii. Indra.
Hymn Civ. Indra.
Hymn Cv. Indra.
Hymn Cvi. Avins.
Hymn Cvii. Daki.
Hymn Cviii. Saram. Pais.
Hymn Cix. Vivedevas.
Hymn Cx. Prs.
Hymn Cxi. Indra.
Hymn Cxii. Indra.
Hymn Cxtii. Indra.
Hymn Cxiv. Vivedevas.
Hymn Cxv. Agni.
Hymn Cxv1. Indra.
Hymn Cxvii. Liberality.
Hymn Cxviii. Agni.
Hymn Cxix. Indra.
Hymn Cxx. Indra.
Hymn Cxxi. Ka.
Hymn Cxxii. Agni.
Hymn Cxxiii. Vena.
Hymn Cxxiv. Agni, Etc.
Hymn Cxxv. Vk.
Hymn Cxxvi. Vivedevas.
Hymn Cxxvii. Night.
Hymn Cxxviii. Vivedevas.
Hymn Cxxix. Creation.
Hymn Cxxx. Creation.
Hymn Cxxxi. Indra.
Hymn Cxxxii. Mitra. Varua.
Hymn Cxxxiii. Indra.
Hymn Cxxxiv. Indra.
Hymn Cxxxv. Yama.
Hymn Cxxxvi. Kesins.
Hymn Cxxxvii Vivedevas.
Hymn Cxxxviii. Indra.
Hymn Cxxxix. Savitar.
Hymn Cxl. Agni.
Hymn Cxli. Vivedevas.
Hymn Cxlii. Agni.
Hymn Cxliii. Avins.
Hymn Cxliv. Indra.
Hymn Cxlv. Sapatnibadhanam.
Hymn Cxlvi. Aranyani.
Hymn Cxlvii Indra.
Hymn Cxlviii. Indra.
Hymn Cxlix. Savitar.
Hymn Cl. Agni.
Hymn Cli. Faith.
Hymn Clii. Indra.
Hymn Cliii. Indra.
Hymn Cliv. New Life.
Hymn Clv. Various.
Hymn Clvi. Agni.
Hymn Clvii. Vivedevas.
Hymn Clviii. Srya.
Hymn Clix. Saci Paulomi.
Hymn Clx. Indra.
Hymn Clxi. Indra.
Hymn Clxii. Agni
Hymn Clxiii
Hymn Clxiv. Dream-Charm.
Hymn Clxv. Vivedevas.
Hymn Clxvi. Sapatnananam.
Hymn Clxvii. Indra.
Hymn Clxviii. Vyu.
Hymn Clxix. Cows.
Hymn Clxx. Srya.
Hymn Clxxi. Indra.
Hymn Clxxii. Dawn.
Hymn Clxxiii. The King.
Hymn Clxxiv. The King.
Hymn Clxxv. Press-Stones.
Hymn Clxxvi. Agni.
Hymn Clxxvii. Mybheda.
Hymn Clxxviii. Trkya.
Hymn Clxxix. Indra.
Hymn Clxxx. Indra.
Hymn Clxxxi. Vivedevas.
Hymn Clxxxii. Bhaspati.
Hymn Clxxxiii. The Sacrificer, Etc.
Hymn Clxxxiv.
Hymn Clxxxv. Aditi.
Hymn Clxxxvi. Vyu.
Hymn Clxxxvii. Agni.
Hymn Clxxxviii. Agni.
Hymn Clxxxix. Srya.
Hymn Cxc. Creation.
Hymn Cxci. Agni.

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1 Shawn Bose = ""And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep." Genesis 1:1 https://www.deily.org/sacredtext/king-james-version-genesis-chapter-1"
2 Enakshi Ganguly = "The question of where all things come from is something that this writer is grappling with. The writer asks, in this line, what was there before all this? What existed before Earth and its inhabitants did? Background: In Hinduism, time is not linear, but cyclical. So what happens to look like the beginning, is simply a section of a giant cyclical pattern. There is no end nor start. Hinduism was originally known as Santana Dharma, or "Eternal Faith". There is no cut off or start off point."
3 Enakshi Ganguly = "A good link to use is: http://www.creationmyths.org/rigveda-10-129-indian-creation/ It provides the reader with various other translations that are recommended to read and compare. It definitely simplifies the overall message of the Hymn."
4 Sahil Badruddin = "This hymn is also known as the Hymn of Creation, dealing with creation and origin of the universe. "
5 Enakshi Ganguly = "There were no things such as death or life when there was nothing. Perhaps there was That One Thing (a higher power) but even That would breathe without oxygen, without a world to live in, or a house to inhabit. That One Thing lived independently, without the assistance of anything else but Itself. "
6 Sara Di Diego = "That One Thing contradicts with the first verse's question on whether anything existed or did not exist.  It seems inferred that That One Thing is the creator and created by this Big Bang-like beginning, since it is a higher being.  Yet it plays no obvious role in the world, other than being awakened by Heat and feeling Desire.  That One Thing also contradicts with the Sixth verse if it is a higher being, since "The Gods are later than this world's production".  "
7 Enakshi Ganguly = "Darkness hid darkness, and nothing was in the order it is now. Everything that existed before this was simply nothing, but through the power of heat, of warmth, there emerged the Earth/the One (could be referring to either a larger & higher consciousness or the universe, or both). "
8 Enakshi Ganguly = "The connection between existence and non-existence was found in the seed of desire, that which expands, and keeps on expanding. Sages, poets, those who wrote with passion and earnest, discovered this connection between the existent and non-existent. Desire fuels the Spirit-- what the Spirit desires? That is unknown."
9 Enakshi Ganguly = "The line, the connection, is stretched across space. But what is above that space, and what is below it? There was urge that existed below but there was will that existed above. "
10 Enakshi Ganguly = "Who can really know and who can confidently say how and when creation came to be? The Gods come after the world was created, so who knows when this world first came to be? "
11 Enakshi Ganguly = "Even He (the one who is the root of creation) may not know if He formed the world or not. By "Whose eyes controls this world in highest heaven" means that overseer of all things that are material and earthly (God). At this point, one can infer, that the writer is either joking or creating a paradox. If God exists, then who created God? How can God come out of nothing and still create more? "
12 Sara Di Diego = "He (supposedly That One Thing) contradicts with the previous verse since the Gods come later, thus no God could have created the universe.  This explanation is surprisingly scientific and accepts that the Gods cannot know everything, perhaps lining up with the now-accepted Big Bang explanation of the world's origin."