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Meditation In Srimad-Bhagavad-Gita

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Srimad-Bhagavad-Gita, English translation and commentary by Swami Swarupananda, [1909] 1. Om! O Bhagavad-Gitâ, with which Pârtha was enlightened by the Lord Nârâyana Himself and which was incorporated in the Mahâbhârata by the ancient sage Vyâsa,—the Blessed Mother, the Destroyer of rebirth, showering down the nectar of Advaita, and consisting of eighteen chapters,—upon Thee, O Bhagavad-Gitâ! O Loving Mother! I meditate. 2. Salutation to thee, O Vyâsa, of mighty intellect and with eyes large like the petals of full-blown lotuses, by whom was lighted the lamp of wisdom, full of the Mahâbhârata-oil. 3. Salutation to Krishna, the holder of the Jnânamudrâ, granter of desires of those who take refuge in Him, the milker of the Gitâ-nectar, in whose hand is the cane for driving cows. 4. All the Upanishads are the cows, the Son of the cowherd is the milker, Pârtha is the calf, men of purified intellect are the drinkers and the supreme nectar Gitâ is the milk. 5. I salute Krishna, the Guru of the Universe, God, the son of Vasudeva, the Destroyer of Karma and Chânura, the supreme bliss of Devaki. 6. The battle-river, with Bhishma and Drona as its banks, and Jayadratha as the water, with the king of Gândhâra as the blue water-lily, and Shalya as the shark, with Kripa as the current and [paragraph continues] Karna as the breakers, with Ashvatthâmâ and Vikarna as terrible Makaras and Duryodhana as the whirlpool in it,—was indeed crossed over by the Pândavas, with Keshava as the ferry-man. 7. May the taintless lotus of the Mahâbhârata, growing on the waters of the words of Parâshara's son, having the [paragraph continues] Gitâ as its strong sweet fragrance, with many a narrative as its stamens, fully opened by the discourses on Hari and drunk joyously day after day by the Bhramara of the good and the pure in the world,—be productive of the supreme good to him who is eager to destroy the taint of Kali! 8. I salute that All-bliss Mâdhava whose compassion makes the mute eloquent and the cripple cross mountains. 9. Salutation to that God Whom the creator Brahmâ, Varuna, Indra, Rudra and the Maruts praise with divine hymns; Whom the singers of Sâma sing, by the Vedas, with their full complement of parts, consecutive sections and Upanishads; Whom the Yogis see with their minds absorbed in Him through perfection in meditation, and Whose limit the hosts of Devas and Asuras know not.

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1 Enakshi Ganguly = "Pârtha is Arjun (whose mother's name is Pritha/Kunti) and Lord Nârâyana is Sri Krishna."
2 Enakshi Ganguly = ""Vyasa is considered by all Hindus as a Chiranjivi, one who is still living and roaming throughout the world for the well-being of his devotees. It is said that he appears to the true and the faithful and that Jagadguru Sankaracharya had his Darshan in the house of sage Mandana Misra and that he appeared to many others as well. Thus, in short, Vyasa lives for the welfare of the world. Let us pray for his blessings on us all and on the whole world."Source (and more information on Vyasa's life): http://www.dlshq.org/saints/vyasa.htm"
3 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://www.iloveindia.com/literature/sanskrit/poets/ved-vyas.html"
4 Enakshi Ganguly = "Ved Vyas"
5 Enakshi Ganguly = ""Advaita (not-two in Sanskrit) refers to the identity of the true Self, Atman, which is pure consciousness[note 3], and the highest Reality, Brahman, which is also pure consciousness.[11] [note 4] [note 5] Followers seek liberation/releaseby acquiring vidyā (knowledge)[13] of the identity of Atman and Brahman. Attaining this liberation takes a long preparation and training under the guidance of a guru."Source (and more information): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advaita_Vedanta"
6 Enakshi Ganguly = "What Is Advaita or Nonduality?"
7 Enakshi Ganguly = "What is Nonduality?"
8 Enakshi Ganguly = ""His other hand is described as holding the Jnānamudrā, the 'Symbol of Knowledge.'Mudrā is a physical symbol manipulated by the physical body expressing in itself some deep significance or meaning. Jnāna mudrā is described in our Śāstrā-s and is found in many painting and sculptures that have the Hindū mythology for their themes. It is generally indicated by the palm and the fingers...Jnāna mudrā is described as representing the end and goal of human life and the means of attaining it. The three upright fingers held together represent the integrated physical, mental, and intellectual personalities. Transceding them all..is the Self, symbolised here by the index finger which strives hard to discovers its identity with the self-in-all, the thumb."The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
9 Enakshi Ganguly = "How to meditate whilst practicing the Jnana Mudra:Jnana Mudra - The Gesture of Wisdom"
10 Enakshi Ganguly = "Various Other Types of Mudras"
11 Enakshi Ganguly = ""Lord Krsna is one who can fulfill all the desires of those who take refuge in Him. Pārijāta tree is a mythological conception in Hindūism and the belief is that it is a tree that can fulfill all the desires of those who go under its shade, what ever be their demands. Thus Krsna, the Supreme in Its physical manifestation, carries in one hand the whip (stick) with which the cowherds drive the cattle to the pasture-land and back to their sheds."Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
12 Enakshi Ganguly = "This is simply a symbolic way to portray the way that the Gita unfolds and takes place in our history."
13 Enakshi Ganguly = "The knowledge of the Gita is compared to the the milk of a cow, is made because milk is consumed by everyone: the sick, the helpless, the rich, the poor, the young and the old. Similarly, "The universality of the Gītā is nowhere else so beautifully brought out and so openly declared...It is not said here that it is meant for the brāhmanā-s alone; nor does it make any concessional declaration such as that even the śūdrā-s can read it. In fact, the Gītā is not a text-book of the Hindūs; it is a universal scripture and all men who are sincere and intelligent enough to perceive their own imperfections and courageously come to make a demand for perfection in themselves are the fit students on whom the Gītā pours out her best blessing."Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
14 Enakshi Ganguly = " "A huge wrestler. Kansa* employed this wrestler to kill Krishna but it was the wrestler who was killed by the god."* Kansa: "The tyrant, king of Mathura...When he was told that his future killer was about to be born he ordered that all new-born males be killed. Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu, escaped and was reared by cowherds. Kansa sent demons to harry Krishna who defeated them all and finally he invited Krishna to his court where he had posted a wrestler and an elephant to crush Krishna when he arrived. Kansa and his eight brothers were killed by Krishna, helped by his halfbrother Balarama."Source: http://www.mythologydictionary.com/kansa-mythology.html"
15 Enakshi Ganguly = "Krishna's mother:Devaki"
16 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://astrobix.com/astroblog/post/bhishma-ashtami-fast-2012-bhishmashtami-vrat-bhishma-ashtami-fast-story.aspx"
17 Enakshi Ganguly = "Bhishma is the son of Mother Ganga and Kuru King Shantanu. He takes an oath of celibacy for the happiness of his father and future mother, Satyavati."
18 Enakshi Ganguly = ""The two banks of the river of war are represented by Bhīsma, the grandsire and Drona, the great teacher. The two banks are the limitations of a river for they alone decide its direction and flow....The implied significance is that it was they who decided the movements of the Mahābhārata war."Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
19 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://www.hinduismworld.org/dronacharya-ancient-indian-philosopher/"
20 Enakshi Ganguly = ""Dronacharya as a guru was great, he taught the arts of military to all the princes and his son Ashwaththama, but Dronacharya is accused of favouritism, His favourite was Arjun and to make him the world’s best archer, he has done many things which would be considered unethical."Source (and more information): http://www.hinduismworld.org/dronacharya-ancient-indian-philosopher/ "
21 Enakshi Ganguly = ""In the epic Mahābhārata, Jayadratha (Sanskrit: जयद्रथ) was the king of Sindhu Kingdom (so he is also called as Saindhava). He was married to Dushala, the only sister of the 100 Kaurava brothers. He was the son of the king Vridhakshtra."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayadratha"
22 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...the commander-in-chief of the Kaurava forces is described here as the very waters...the nature and character of the waters flowing determine the nature and character of the river itself. As a true commander-in-chief and an efficient executive, Jayadratha was thus, so to say, in all places at all moments, executing each and every intention and plan of the Grandsire and the Ācārya..."Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
23 Enakshi Ganguly = "Pictured kidnapping Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas. Source: http://www.philipmalpass.com/dropistolen.htm"
24 Enakshi Ganguly = ""The king of Gandhāra was, as it were, a noble decoration adding some beauty and fragrance to the Kaurava forces!"Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
25 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://photo.net/photodb/photo?photo_id=9327371"
26 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...could swallow up the heroes even without their being aware of it because a shark can swallow without chewing."Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
27 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shalya"
28 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...the ruler of the kingdom of Madra(Madra-desa). A powerful yet righteous ruler, Shalya had a unique gift - he became stronger when faced with aggression, hence requiring everyone to be kind towards him. In Sanskrit, Shalya means a thorn (or any pointed weapon, like a dart)[citation needed]. Shalya, being a skilled archer,a powerful mace fighter and formidable warrior, was tricked by Duryodana to fight the war on the side of theKauravas. Shalya was an incredibly calm and deliberate fighter, which why he was such a good charioteer and why he could excel at mace-fighting despite his unimposing bulk. Krishna suggested that Yudhishthira should kill the powerful warrior because the eldest Pandava was not a man of aggression and could meet Shalya's coolness in battle."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shalya"
29 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...Krpa was the very 'current' in the river that uprooted everything on its path and made it impossible for anyone even to hope to cross it. Karna was the 'mountainous waves' in this oceanic river. Aśvathāma and Vikarna were the 'terrible crocodiles' and Duryodhana was the tragic 'whirlpool' that sucked into its centre anything that happened to fall within the circumference of its play...the Pāndavā-s did cross this formidable river, full of dangers, with Keśava as their divine ferr-man. The sugestion is that Arjuna, re-educated in the true philosophy of Hindūism as preacehed in the Gītā, was able to face the river of life, successfully, and ultimately to cross over and reach the banks of success and glory."Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
30 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...also known as Kripacharya or Krupacharya is an important character in the Mahābhārata, one of the seven Chiranjivi (the "immortals" who are to remain alive throughout the present age, the Kali Yuga)."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kripa"
31 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://anand-india.blogspot.com/2010/06/6-curses-and-dead-serpent.html"
32 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://www.harekrsna.com/philosophy/associates/carriers/makaras.htm"
33 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...generally depicted as half terrestrial animal in the frontal part, in animal forms of an elephant, crocodile, stag, or deer, and in the hind part as an aquatic animal, in the form of a fish or seal tail. Sometimes, even a peacock tail is depicted.Makara is the vahana (vehicle) of the Ganga - the goddess of river Ganges (Ganga) and the sea god Varuna. It is also the insignia of the love god Kamadeva. Kamadeva is also known as Makaradhvaja (one whose flag a makara is depicted). Makara is the astrological sign of Capricorn, one of the twelve symbols of theZodiac. It is often portrayed protecting entryways to Hindu and Buddhist temples."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makara_%28Hindu_mythology%29"
34 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://www.newindianexpress.com/education/student/The-Good-in-Duryodhana-Seen-as-the-Manifestation-of-Evil/2014/07/15/article2330809.ece"
35 Enakshi Ganguly = "Duryodhana's Big Mistake"
36 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...a name of Vishnu from within Hindu tradition. The name appears as the 23rd and 648th names in the Vishnu sahasranama. Lord Keshava is venerated by those persons wanting to avert bad luck, or ill omens. His consort is Keerti.[1]The name appears as the 23rd and 648th name of Lord Vishnu in the Vishnu sahasranama of Mahabharata."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keshava#Bhagavad_Gita"
37 Enakshi Ganguly = "Source: http://www.snipview.com/q/Keshava"
38 Enakshi Ganguly = ""...was a Rigvedic Maharishi (seer), and the author of many ancient Indian texts. He is regarded to have lived around 3100 BCE, although some estimate him as late as 1500 BCE.[citation needed] He is accredited for being the author of the first Purana: Vishnu Purana (before his Son Veda Vyasa wrote it in its present form)."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parashara"
39 Enakshi Ganguly = ""(the Sanskrit vrddhi derivation of madhu "sweet") may bea Sanskrit patronymic, "descendant of Madhu (a man of the Yadu tribe)"."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhava"
40 Enakshi Ganguly = ""krsna is called Mādhava because he once destroyed a demon called Madhu. Madhu, in the Vedik symbolism, is the Karma phala-- impressions of the past actions. Naturally, Mādhave means that which is experiences beyond the mind and intellect, and the Self is Supreme Bliss...thus, the ego salutes the Eternal Blissful Self within and when the Self is realised-- whose grace has flooded the heart of seeker-- the mute life of that man becomes full of Music Divine."Source: The Bhagawad Geeta: Chapter 1 & 11 by Swami Chinmayananda. Mumbai, India. 2000 - 2008."
41 Enakshi Ganguly = ""There is no use of thinking God, praying to God, feeling God, and imagining that one day we will realise God. It is necessary to confront Him every day, if it is true that He is present in every atom, as they say. In every atom He is vibrating, as the sun is vibrating in the solar system. If that is the case, He is to be contacted just now. God is a here and a now, and not an afterwards or a somewhere or a someone. He is without these limitations of the concept of space and time."Source: http://www.swami-krishnananda.org/bgita/Commentary_Bhagavadgita.pdf"