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Treatise Iv. On The Passover Chapter VIII, The Talmud

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The Talmud, by Joseph Barclay, [1878] 1. "The married woman, while she is in the house of her husband?" "Her husband slaughtered on her account, and her father slaughtered on her account?" "She must eat the passover with her husband." "She went to spend the first feast after her marriage in the house of her father—her father slaughtered on her account, and her husband slaughtered on her account?" "She may eat in the place which she wishes." "An orphan on whose account the guardians slaughtered?" "He may eat in the place which he wishes." "A slave of two partners?" "He must not eat with both." "A slave who is half free?" "He must not eat with his master." 2. One said to his slave, "go and slaughter for me the passover." "He slaughtered a kid?" "He may eat it." "He slaughtered a lamb?" "He may eat it." "He slaughtered a kid and a lamb?" "He may eat of the first." "He forgot what his master said to him—what shall he do?" "He must slaughter a lamb and a kid, and shall say, "If my master said to me—a kid, the kid is on his account, and the lamb is on my account; and if my master said to me—a lamb, the lamb is for him, and the kid is for me." "If his master forgot what he said to him?" "Both animals must go forth to the house of burning; and they are free from keeping the second passover." 3. One said to his sons, "I am ready to slaughter the passover for you who shall first go up to Jerusalem." As soon as one of them entered with his head and the greater part of his body inside the city gate, he gained his own share of the passover, and gained it for his brothers with him. They may always be reckoned in one company, when each one obtains the size of an olive. They may first be reckoned, and afterwards withdraw from a company till the passover be slaughtered. Rabbi Simon said, "until its blood be poured out on their account." 4. "He who reckoned others with himself in his portion of the lamb?" "The members of the company are allowed to give to him his share, and he may eat it with his own guests; and they may eat their portion with their own guests." 5. "If one observed an issue twice?" "They may slaughter the lamb on his account on the seventh day of the issue if it be the fourteenth day of Nisan." "If he observed it thrice?" 1 "They may only slaughter on his account on the eighth day of the issue" (if it be the fourteenth day of Nisan). 6. "The mourner and the person who opened a heap, 2 and also the person who has the promise of release from prison, and the sick, and the aged, who are able to eat the size of an olive?" "They may slaughter the passover for them." For all of them they must not slaughter the lamb on their own account alone, lest they bring the passover into contempt, 3 because there might happen to them some abomination. They are freed from keeping a second passover—excepting him who in opening the heap was unclean from the beginning. 7. "They must not slaughter the passover for one person." The words of Rabbi Judah; but Rabbi José "allowed it." Even for a company of an hundred, when they cannot eat the size of an olive, they must not slaughter the passover; and they must not form a company of women, of slaves, and of little ones. 8. A mourner may be baptized, and eat his passover in the evening, but not other holy things. "He who heard of a death, or had the bones of his relations collected?" "He may be baptized and eat holy things." "A stranger who was proselytized on the eve of the passover?" The school of Shammai say, "He may be baptized and eat his passover in the evening;" but the school of Hillel say, "he who just departed from the foreskin is as legally unclean as he who just departs from the grave." 112:1 If one observed the issue three times on the same day, he could not be considered clean before he brought a sacrifice. 112:2 In which there is a dead body. 112:3 The mourner might be too sorrowful to eat, the sick too ill to eat, and the prisoner might be detained in prison, etc.

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1 Ahmed M = "In traditional Judaism, marriage is viewed as a contractual bond commanded by God in which a man and a woman come together to create a relationship in which God is directly involved. "
2 Ahmed M = "Though procreation is not the sole purpose, a Jewish marriage is also traditionally expected to fulfill the commandment to have children. "
3 Ahmed M = "Marriage is understood to mean that the husband and wife are merging into a single soul, which is why a man is considered "incomplete" if he is not married, as his soul is only one part of a larger whole that remains to be unified."