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Treatise XVI. The Heifer Chapter I, The Talmud

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The Talmud, by Joseph Barclay, [1878]  1 The Heifer's Age—Ages of other Offerings—Places from which the Red Heifer may come—Blemishes—Black hairs—Separation of the Priest for burning the Red Heifer—Sprinkling—Lads who drew water from Siloam—Number of Red Heifers—Bridge to the Mount of Olives—Procession of Heifer and Attendants—Pile for burning—Position of the Heifer—Position of the Priest—Slaughter of the Heifer—Sprinkling the Blood—Kindling the Pile—Gathering the Ashes—Doctrine of Intention—Vessels—Pumpkin Bottles—A Hollow Reed—Purifications—Cases of Casuistry—Seas—Wells—Reptiles—A Clean Place—Hyssop—Sprinkling. 1. Rabbi Eliezer said, "the red heifer must be a calf of a year old, or an heifer of two years." But the Sages say, "a calf of two years, and an heifer of three years, or of four years." Rabbi Meier said, "even of five years she is allowed, or older. But they are not to wait (longer) for her, lest she turn black, and be disallowed." Rabbi Joshua said, "I only heard, third." They said to him, what is the meaning of "third?" He said to them, "thus I heard it without explanation." The son of Azai said, “I will explain it, if you say “third,” that is to others in counting; but if you say one of three, that is, of three years.” As when they say, a fourth vineyard.” They said to him, "what means fourth?" He said to them, "thus I heard it without explanation." Said the son of Azai, "I will explain. If you say 'fourth,' that is, to others in counting. But as you say one of four, that is, of four years. As when they say, he who eats in a leprous house an half loaf, 1 of three loaves to the cab of flour." They say to him, "say eighteen loaves to the seah of flour." He said to them, "Thus I heard it without explanation." Said the son of Azai, "I will explain. If you say three to the cab, there is no dough-offering. But if you say, eighteen to the seah, the dough-offering diminishes it." 2. R. José the Galilean said, “the cleansing of the Levites required bullocks of two years old, as is said, “And another young bullock shalt thou take for a sin-offering. 2” But the Sages say, "even of three years." R. Meier said, "bullocks even of four and five years are allowed, but old ones are not brought, for honour's sake." 3. Sacrifices required lambs of a year old, and rams of two years old, and all (are reckoned) from day to day. 3 If they be thirteen months old, neither ram nor lamb are allowed. R. Tarphon called it, "half and between." The son of Azai called it, "pointed out" R. Ishmael called it, "recalled coin." If the ram be brought for offering, and the libation of the ram be brought with him, it does not pass for his offering, except he be thirteen months and one day old. That is the law for the ram. 4. The sin-offering of the congregation, and their burnt-offerings, the sin-offering of an individual, and the trespass-offering of the Nazarite, and the trespass- offering of the leper, are allowed for thirty days and upwards, and even on the thirtieth day. And if they are brought on the eighth day, they are allowed, vows, free-will-offerings, the first-born, and the tithe, and the passover, are allowed from the eighth day and upwards, and even on the eighth day. 300:1 The Jews say that Solomon, who understood all the commands of God, could not comprehend the full meaning of the Red Heifer. 301:1 The meaning is that he who spends as much time in a leprous house, as is sufficient for eating a loaf of such a size, becomes defiled in his garments. See Leprosy, xiii. 10. 301:2 Numb. viii. 8. 301:3 The age of the lamb was reckoned from its birthday in Elul of last year, till the first day of Elul in the current year.

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1 Ahmed M = "Heifer also known as a red cow, was a sacrifice in the Hebrew Bible."
2 Ahmed M = "The ashes of heifer were used for ritual purification of an ancient Israelite who had come into contact with a corpse."
3 Ahmed M = "The Mishnah, the central compilation of Rabbinic Oral Law, contains a tractate on the Red Heifer."