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A Concise Summary of the Bible - Part II: The Old Testament

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A Concise Summary of the Bible – Part II: The Old Testament By Rev. Brian A. Reed **__** A simple summary statement of the Old Testament is: _The Lord God created humanity to be in a covenant relationship with Him, but we rebelled._ __ The books of the Old Testament: _LAW_ (5 books): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy _HISTORY_ (12 books): Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings, 1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther. _WISDOM_ (5 books): Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. _PROPHETS_ (17 books): Major Prophets (5): Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel. Minor Prophets (12): Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. **__** A Summary of each book: _Genesis: _The book of beginnings (creation, life with God, sin, God’s dealing with Abraham). Key Verse Genesis 1:1. _Exodus:_ Israel leaves Egypt for the Promised Land and rebels and complains along the way. Key Verse: Exodus 12:41. _Leviticus:_ The Holiness Code for Israel, instructing them how to worship and obey the Lord. Key Verse: Leviticus 11:45. _Numbers:_ To the Promised Land. Twice! The first time they refuse to enter. Key Verses: Numbers 10:11-12. _Deuteronomy:_ The second stating of the Law, for the new generation of Israelites. Key Verse: Deuteronomy 31:3. _Joshua_: Israel begins to conquer the Promised Land. Key Verses: Joshua 1:1-2. _Judges_: Series of cycles of trusting God, then rebelling against God, then God’s judgment, then the people repenting, then God delivering them through a judge, then the cycle repeats, over and over. Key Verse: Judges 8:33. _Ruth_: Beautiful story of God’s provision for two widows, one of whom (Ruth) comes into the blood line of our Lord Jesus. Key Verse: Ruth 1:16. _1 Samuel_: The first prophet (Samuel) anoints the first king (Saul) and the rise of the kingdom of Israel. Key Verse: 1 Samuel 9:17. _2 Samuel_: The reign of King David. Key Verse: 2 Samuel 5:3. _1 Kings_: From the death of King David through the division of the kingdom. Key Verse: 1 Kings 11:4. _2 Kings:_ God judges His people. Key Verse: 2 Kings 17:13. _1 Chronicles_: Review of Israel’s history from King Saul through King Solomon. Key Verses: 1 Chronicles 29:10-11. _2 Chronicles:_ Review of Israel’s history from Solomon through the permission to return to the Promised Land. Key Verse: 2 Chronicles 20:2. _Ezra:_ The return of Judah from exile in Babylon. Key Verses: Ezra 3:12-13. _Nehemiah_: The building of the wall of Jerusalem. Key Verse: Nehemiah 1:17. _Esther:_ The story of Esther, a Jewish girl who became the Queen of Persia. Key Verse: Esther 4:16. _Job:_ This grand drama explores the problem of why bad things happen to good people. After all Job’s appeals to make his defense before God, Job meets Him (Job 42:1-6). Key Verse: Job 13:15. _Psalms_: The book of Psalms is 150 individual psalms. Some are calls to worship and fervent prayers for God’s help, and others are cries of repentance and magnificent hymns of praise to our Lord. Key Verse: Psalm 1:1. _Proverbs:_ The book of Proverbs is 31 chapters of God’s wise statements about life. Key Verse: Proverbs 1:1. _Ecclesiastes_: Solomon writes this sad book describing the futility of life without God. After trying every pleasure and pursuit, Solomon finally concludes in Ecclesiastes 12:13 that life is worthwhile only as we follow the Lord God! Key Verse: Ecclesiastes 12:1. _Song of Solomon:_ This book is a wonderful love story, filled with passion and drama. Perhaps it is about Solomon and one of his brides (he had many – too many), or perhaps it is a poetic presentation of God’s love for we His people, or perhaps it is both. Key Verse: Song of Solomon 2:4. _Isaiah:_ The call and ministry of the major prophet Isaiah. Key Verse: Isaiah 6:8. _Jeremiah_: The call and ministry of the major prophet Jeremiah. Jeremiah has been called the “weeping prophet” because of the sadness he experienced in unsuccessfully trying to bring the Southern Kingdom (Judah) back to the Lord God. Key Verse: Jeremiah 1:7. _Ezekiel:_ The call and ministry of the major prophet Ezekiel. God sent Ezekiel to His people in exile in Babylon. Key Verses: Ezekiel 36:24-27. _Daniel:_ The call and ministry of the major prophet Daniel. Daniel was one of those taken from the Southern Kingdom (Judah) into exile in Babylon. He resolved to follow God amidst his captivity. The book of Daniel is filled with dreams interpreted, with whole hearted devotion to God amidst very difficult circumstances, and with prophecies of the End Times. Key Verse: Daniel 1:8. _Hosea:_ God told the prophet Hosea to marry a prostitute as a visual aid to God’s people Israel (Northern Kingdom). Before their exile to Assyria in 722 BC, the people were prostituting themselves by following other gods instead of worshipping the Lord alone. Key Verse: Hosea 1:2. _Joel:_ The Word of the Lord came to the prophet Joel so that he would tell of God’s coming judgment and of the gracious outpouring of God’s spirit upon His people Judah (Southern Kingdom). Key Verse: Joel 2:27. _Amos:_ The Lord called this humble shepherd and fig picker (Amos 7:4) from Judah (Southern Kingdom) to speak to Israel (Northern Kingdom) about returning to the Lord. Key Verse: Amos 4:12. _Obadiah:_ God spoke to Judah (Southern Kingdom) through this prophet about God’s coming judgment and revival. This tiny book has only one chapter. Key Verse: Obadiah 21. _Jonah:_ Jonah does not want to obey God’s call to preach to Ninevah (the capital of Assyria – the ruling world power). Jonah tries unsuccessfully to run away from God. When Jonah finally reluctantly obeys God, he still hopes for Ninevah’s destruction. Key Verses: Jonah 3:10 – 4:1. _Micah: _The Lord called Micah from Judah to preach to His people Israel (Northern Kingdom). Micah served God in the 20 years prior to Israel’s fall to Assyria. Key Verse: Micah 6:8. _Nahum:_ He was used by God in about 663 BC. Israel had fallen to Assyria and now lived in exile there – never to return to the Promised Land. Nahum ministered both to these exiles and also to Judah (Southern Kingdom). Key Verse: Nahum 2:2. _Habakkuk:_ The Lord spoke through Habakkuk in 612 BC sing him to minister to Judah (Southern Kingdom). The book of Habakkuk addresses that age-old question: “Why do the righteous suffer and the wicked succeed?” Although the Lord does not solve this puzzle, the book of Habakkuk closes with the confidence that Habakkuk and we need: we will trust God to work things out. He is God and we are not. Key Verse: Habakkuk 3:17-19. _Zephaniah:_ He became a prophet in 627 BC and ministered to Judah (Southern Kingdom). Zephaniah prophesied about the Day of the Lord (=God’s judgment upon all sin and His salvation for God’s people). Key Verse: Zephaniah 3:17. _Haggai:_ When Judah returned from their exile in Babylon they rebuilt the temple and the wall of Jerusalem. In Haggai we see God’s call to the people to get on with the work. Key Verses: Haggai 2:18-19. _Zechariah:_ God used Zechariah as a prophet. He ministered to the returned exiles, and Zechariah’s book has lots of symbols and comforting statements about God’s victory over Judah’s enemies. Key Verse: Zechariah 9:9. _Malachi:_ The last book of the Old Testament is the prophet Malachi, whom the Lord also called to minister to the returned exiles of Judah. In Malachi God teaches us to treat Him with the proper respect and awe due to the Lord of Heaven. Key Verse: Malachi 3:1.

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1 Sarah R = "Taken in part from "Here's Help for You to Study the Bible" unpublished Bible study, by Reverend Brian A. Reed. Used with permission by the author."
2 Sarah R = "See the other two parts:Part I: An Overviewhttps://www.deily.org/text/a-concise-summary-of-the-bible-part-i-an-overviewPart III: The New Testamenthttps://www.deily.org/text/a-concise-summary-of-the-bible-part-iii-the-new-testament "
3 Sarah R = "Genesis 1:1 "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.""
4 Sarah R = "Exodus 12:41 "At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord’s divisions left Egypt.""
5 Sarah R = "Leviticus 11:45 "I am the Lord, who brought you up out of Egypt to be your God; therefore be holy, because I am holy.""
6 Sarah R = "Numbers 10:11-12 "11 On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year, the cloud lifted from above the tabernacle of the covenant law. 12 Then the Israelites set out from the Desert of Sinai and traveled from place to place until the cloud came to rest in the Desert of Paran.""
7 Sarah R = "Deuteronomy 31:3 "The Lord your God himself will cross over ahead of you. He will destroy these nations before you, and you will take possession of their land. Joshua also will cross over ahead of you, as the Lord said.""
8 Sarah R = "Joshua 1:1-2 "After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 “Moses my servant is dead. Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them—to the Israelites.""
9 Sarah R = "Judges 8:33 "No sooner had Gideon died than the Israelites again prostituted themselves to the Baals. They set up Baal-Berith as their god""
10 Sarah R = "Ruth 1:16 "But Ruth replied, “Don’t urge me to leave you or to turn back from you. Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Your people will be my people and your God my God.""
11 Sarah R = "1 Samuel 9:17 "When Samuel caught sight of Saul, the Lord said to him, 'This is the man I spoke to you about; he will govern my people.'""
12 Sarah R = "2 Samuel 5:3 "When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel.""
13 Sarah R = "1 Kings 11:4 "As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been.""
14 Sarah R = "2 Kings 17:13 " The Lord warned Israel and Judah through all his prophets and seers: 'Turn from your evil ways. Observe my commands and decrees, in accordance with the entire Law that I commanded your ancestors to obey and that I delivered to you through my servants the prophets.'""
15 Sarah R = "1 Chronicles 29:10-11 10 David praised the Lord in the presence of the whole assembly, saying,“Praise be to you, Lord,    the God of our father Israel,    from everlasting to everlasting.11 Yours, Lord, is the greatness and the power    and the glory and the majesty and the splendor,    for everything in heaven and earth is yours.Yours, Lord, is the kingdom;    you are exalted as head over all.""
16 Sarah R = "2 Chronicles 20:2 "Some people came and told Jehoshaphat, “A vast army is coming against you from Edom, from the other side of the Dead Sea. It is already in Hazezon Tamar” (that is, En Gedi).""
17 Sarah R = "Ezra 3:12-13 "12 But many of the older priests and Levites and family heads, who had seen the former temple, wept aloud when they saw the foundation of this temple being laid, while many others shouted for joy. 13 No one could distinguish the sound of the shouts of joy from the sound of weeping, because the people made so much noise. And the sound was heard far away.""
18 Sarah R = "a typo. Should read: Nehemiah 1:7 "We have acted very wickedly toward you. We have not obeyed the commands, decrees and laws you gave your servant Moses.""
19 Sarah R = "Esther 4:16 "Go, gather together all the Jews who are in Susa, and fast for me. Do not eat or drink for three days, night or day. I and my attendants will fast as you do. When this is done, I will go to the king, even though it is against the law. And if I perish, I perish.""
20 Sarah R = "Job 13:15 "Though he slay me, yet will I hope in him;    I will surely defend my ways to his face.""
21 Sarah R = "Psalm 1:1 "Blessed is the one    who does not walk in step with the wickedor stand in the way that sinners take    or sit in the company of mockers,""
22 Sarah R = "Proverbs 1:1 "The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel""
23 Sarah R = "Ecclesiastes 12:1 "Remember your Creator    in the days of your youth,before the days of trouble come    and the years approach when you will say,    “I find no pleasure in them”—""
24 Sarah R = "Song of Solomon 2:4 "Let him lead me to the banquet hall,    and let his banner over me be love.""
25 Sarah R = "Isaiah 6:8 "Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, 'Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?' And I said, 'Here am I. Send me!'”"
26 Sarah R = "Jeremiah 1:7 "But the Lord said to me, “Do not say, ‘I am too young.’ You must go to everyone I send you to and say whatever I command you.""
27 Sarah R = "Ezekiel 36:24-27 "For I will take you out of the nations; I will gather you from all the countries and bring you back into your own land. 25 I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your impurities and from all your idols. 26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. 27 And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.""
28 Sarah R = "Daniel 1:8 "But Daniel resolved not to defile himself with the royal food and wine, and he asked the chief official for permission not to defile himself this way.""
29 Sarah R = "Hosea 1:2 "When the Lord began to speak through Hosea, the Lord said to him, 'Go, marry a promiscuous woman and have children with her, for like an adulterous wife this land is guilty of unfaithfulness to the Lord.'""
30 Sarah R = "Joel 2:27 "Then you will know that I am in Israel,    that I am the Lord your God,    and that there is no other;never again will my people be shamed.""
31 Sarah R = "Amos 4:12 "Therefore this is what I will do to you, Israel,    and because I will do this to you, Israel,    prepare to meet your God.""
32 Sarah R = "Obadiah 21 "Deliverers will go up on Mount Zion    to govern the mountains of Esau.    And the kingdom will be the Lord’s.""
33 Sarah R = "Jonah 3:10 - 4:1 "When God saw what they did and how they turned from their evil ways, he relented and did not bring on them the destruction he had threatened. But to Jonah this seemed very wrong, and he became angry.""
34 Sarah R = "Micah 6:8 "He has shown you, O mortal, what is good.    And what does the Lord require of you?To act justly and to love mercy    and to walk humbly with your God.""
35 Sarah R = "Nahum 2:2 "The Lord will restore the splendor of Jacob    like the splendor of Israel,though destroyers have laid them waste    and have ruined their vines.""
36 Sarah R = "Habakkuk 3:17-19 "Though the fig tree does not bud    and there are no grapes on the vines,though the olive crop fails    and the fields produce no food,though there are no sheep in the pen    and no cattle in the stalls,18 yet I will rejoice in the Lord,    I will be joyful in God my Savior.19 The Sovereign Lord is my strength;    he makes my feet like the feet of a deer,    he enables me to tread on the heights.For the director of music. On my stringed instruments.""
37 Sarah R = "Zephaniah 3:17 "The Lord your God is with you,    the Mighty Warrior who saves.He will take great delight in you;    in his love he will no longer rebuke you,    but will rejoice over you with singing.""
38 Sarah R = "Haggai 2:18-19 "‘From this day on, from this twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, give careful thought to the day when the foundation of the Lord’s temple was laid. Give careful thought: 19 Is there yet any seed left in the barn? Until now, the vine and the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree have not borne fruit.""
39 Sarah R = "Zechariah 9:9 "Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!    Shout, Daughter Jerusalem!See, your king comes to you,    righteous and victorious,lowly and riding on a donkey,    on a colt, the foal of a donkey.""
40 Sarah R = "Malachi 3:1 "'I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,' says the Lord Almighty.""