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The Chronology of Jesus' Crucifixion, Death and Resurrection Appearances

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# A Chronology of the Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus I. Journey to the Cross A. Abuse by soldiers concluded and Jesus re-clothed and forced to carry His cross toward Golgotha [Mt 27:31-32; Mk 15:20; Jn 19:17] B. Simon of Cyrene forced to carry Jesus' cross [Lk 23:26; Mk 15:21; Mt 27:32] C. Jesus preaches to women who follow Him mourning [Lk 23:27-32] D. Arrival at Golgotha ("place of the skull") [Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Lk 23:33] E. Jesus refuses the sedating wine [Mt 27:34; Mk 15:23] II. The First Three Hours of His Crucifixion [9:00 AM - Noon Friday] A. Jesus nailed to a cross set between two criminals [Lk 23:33b; Jn 19:18] SAYING: "Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing." [Lk 23:34] C. His clothes divided among Roman soldiers [Mt 27:35-36; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:34b; Jn 19:20-23] D. Note about Pilate's tri-lingual sign over cross: "King of the Jews" [Mt 27:37-38; Mk 15:25-28; Lk 23:38; Jn19:19-22] E. Mocking while on the cross: Passersby: "Destroy temple? Save yourself!" RL: "Saved others? Cannot save self! Come down!" Soldiers: "King of Jews? Save yourself! Robbers: "You are the Christ? Save us and you!" [Mt 27:39-44; Mk 15:29-32; Lk 23:35-37] F. Later repentance and salvation of one robber [Lk 23:39-43] SAYING: "Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise." G. Care for His mother entrusted to John [Jn 19:25-27] SAYING: "Woman, behold your son! Behold your mother!" III. The Final Three Hours on the Cross [Noon - 3:00 PM Friday] A. Supernatural darkness falls over the land (apparently instills silence into the scene for the three hours) [Mt 27:45; Mk 15:33; Lk 23:44-45] B. SAYING (near end of three hours): "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" [Mt 27:46; Mk 15:34] C. SAYING: "I am thirsty." [Jn 19:28] D. Jesus drinks sour wine (different from drugged wine offered earlier) [Mt 27:47-49; Mk 15:35-36; Jn 19:29-30] E. SAYING: "It is finished." [Jn 19:30b] F. SAYING: (with a loud voice) "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!" [Mt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46] G. Jesus gives up His spirit and dies. [Mt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46; Jn 19:30c] IV: Reactions to Jesus' Death A. Physical: earthquake, veil torn, tombs opened. [Mt 27:51-53; Mk 15:38; Lk 23:45] B. Personal: Centurion: "Truly this was the Son of God!" Crowds: feel remorse. Disciples and women followers: look on. [Mt 27:54-56; Mk 15:39-41; Lk 23:47-49] V. Burial of Jesus' Body (between 3:00 - 6:00PM Friday) A. Death confirmed by spear in side of lifeless body still on cross [Jn 19:31-37] B. Joseph of Arimathea procures body of Jesus from Pilate [Mt 27:57-58; Mk 15:42-45; Lk 23:50-52] C. Nicodemus assists Joseph in placing body in tomb [[J](http://biblia.com/bible/esv/Jn%2019.39)n 19:39] (done by 6:00PM Sabbath start) D. Women watch where Jesus is placed [Mt 27:61; Mk 15:47; Lk 23:55-56] E. RL set guard over tomb to ensure no body-snatching [Mt 27:62-66] The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus I. The Empty Tomb is Discovered (early Sunday morning - crack of dawn) A. Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome gather spices for burial and approach tomb [Mt 28:1; Mk 16:1] B. An angel rolls away the stone from tomb entrance and sits on it - guards freeze like corpses! [Mt 28:2-4] C. Women reach tomb at daybreak to find stone rolled away [Mk 16:2-4; Lk 24:1-2; Jn 20:1] D. Angels tell women "He is risen" and command them to inform disciples [Mt 28:5-8; Mk 16:5-8; Lk 24:3-8] E. Women tell 11 disciples of empty tomb and angelic message [Lk 24:9-12; Jn 20:2] F. Mary Magdalene returns to empty tomb with Peter and John - Peter and John return home and leave Mary weeping in garden [Jn 20:3-10] II. The Resurrection Day Appearances of Jesus (during Sunday) A. Jesus appears to Mary (not the gardener!) [Jn 20:11-18] B. Jesus appears to the other women [Mt 28:9-10] C. Temple guard inform RL of angel and empty tomb, then are paid off to keep quiet about it [Mt 28:11-15] D. Jesus appears to Cleopas and companion on road to Emmaus [Lk 24:13-22] (late afternoon) E. Jesus appears to Peter [Lk 24:34; 1 Cor 15:5a] F. Cleopas and companion meet with most of the other disciples and Jesus appears to them behind locked doors [Lk 24:36-43; Jn 20:19-23] (evening) G. Thomas does not believe they have seen Jesus [Jn 20:24-25] III. Post-Resurrection Appearances of Jesus (during 40 day period after Resurrection) A. One week after resurrection day to Thomas and 10 other disciples; again behind locked doors [Jn 20:26-31; 1 Cor 15:5b] B. To 7 of His disciples in Galilee an unknown number of days afterwards ("Peter, do you love Me?") [Jn 21:1-25] C. To the 11 on a mountain in Galilee (Great Commission) [Mt 28:16-20] D. To 500 disciples at one time [1 Cor 15:6] E. To His "brother" James [1 Cor 15:7] F. Various other meetings with the 11 during the 40 day period after the Resurrection [Lk 24:44-49; Acts 1:3-8] IV. The Ascension of Jesus (40th day after Resurrection) A. Jesus leads 11 out to Mt of Olives (near Bethany) [Lk 24:50] B. Jesus blesses 11 [[L](http://biblia.com/bible/esv/Lk%2024.51)k 24:51] C. Jesus is lifted up into sky until "received" into cloud and disappears [Lk 24:51; Acts 1:9] D. Two angels tell 11 to stop staring and start waiting for Jesus to return the same way He ascended [Acts 1:10-11] E. 11 return to Jerusalem "with great joy... praising God... devoting themselves to prayer..." [Lk 24:52-53; Acts 1:12ff] V. The Coming of the Holy Spirit (Pentecost - 50 Days after Passover {i.e. Jesus' death}) A. 11 and "the women" and Jesus' mother (Mary) praying in Jerusalem [Acts 1:12-14] B. Matthias chosen to replace Judas Iscariot who hanged himself [Acts 1:15-26] C. 12 in one place on Day of Pentecost and Holy Spirit comes [Acts 2:1-13] D. Peter preaches, revival occurs and the church begins to grow! [Acts 2:14-47] Originally posted here: http://www.gfcto.com/articles/theological-issues /chronology-of-jesus

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1 Sarah R = "Aramaic for "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" The first verse of Psalm 22, a passage which contains prophecies about the Crucifixion."
2 Sarah R = "What was finished? "Of the last sayings of Christon the cross, none is more important or more poignant than, “It is finished.” Found only in the Gospel of John, the Greek word translated “it is finished” istetelestai, an accounting term that means “paid in full.” When Jesus uttered those words, He was declaring the debt owed to His Father was wiped away completely and forever. Not that Jesus wiped away any debt thatHeowed to the Father; rather, Jesus eliminated the debt owed by mankind—the debt of sin."Just prior to His arrest by the Romans, Jesus prayed His last public prayer, asking the Father to glorify Him, just as Jesus had glorified the Father on earth, having “finished the work you have given me to do” (John 17:4). The work Jesus was sent to do was to “seek and save that which is lost” (Luke 19:10), to provide atonement for the sins of all who would ever believe in Him (Romans 3:23-25), and to reconcile sinful men to a holy God. “All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation: that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men's sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation” (2 Corinthians 5:18-19). None other but God in the flesh could accomplish such a task."Read more:http://www.gotquestions.org/it-is-finished.html#ixzz3W5NsRgKP"
3 Sarah R = "How is this three days? At the time, it was common to consider even part of a day a full day. Therefore, Friday was the first day, Saturday the second day, and Sunday the third day."