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Why are there four gospels? The ancient Christian writer Origen (185-254 A.D.) gave a good answer: there are not four gospels, but one four-fold gospel. Each gospel presents a different perspective on the life of Jesus, and we need all four to get the full picture. a. John was probably the last gospel written, and written in view of what the previous three had already said. This is one reason why John is so different from Matthew, Mark, and Luke. b. There are significant events in the ministry of Jesus that Matthew, Mark, and Luke include that John leaves out, including Jesus' birth, baptism, temptation in the wilderness, the Last Supper, the agony in Gethsemane, the Ascension, demonic confrontations, and parables. c. The first three gospels center on Jesus' ministry in Galilee. John centers his gospel on what Jesus said and did in Jerusalem. d. Each of the gospels emphasizes a different origin of Jesus. i. Matthew shows Jesus came from Abraham through David, and demonstrates that He is the Messiah promised in the Old Testament (Matthew 1:1-17). ii. Mark shows Jesus came from Nazareth, demonstrating that Jesus is a Servant (Mark 1:9). iii. Luke shows Jesus came from Adam, demonstrating that Jesus is the Perfect Man (Luke 3:23-38). iv. John shows Jesus came from heaven, demonstrating that Jesus is God. e. However, it is wrong to think that the Gospel of John completes the story of Jesus. John makes it clear that the story of Jesus can never be completed (John 21:25). Taken from David Guzik's Introduction to John, originally posted here: https://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/guzik_david/StudyGuide_Jhn/Jhn_1.cfm

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1 Sarah R = "Matthew wrote to a Jewish audience, and therefore it was important to emphasize that Jesus fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies regarding the Jewish Messiah who would come and save the people.See also: What does it mean to say Jesus is the Messiah?"
2 Sarah R = "Mark wrote to a Roman audience, and they were all about structure and chain of command. So to demonstrate the Jesus was king and yet also a servant was radical to them. Also Mark's writing is very action oriented, more consistent with a Roman style than the story-telling style of John."
3 Sarah R = "Though Jesus' life was only 33 years and His ministry lasted only 3 years, He did so much and said so much that John says if it were all written down there wouldn't be enough space in the world to contain it."
4 Sarah R = "See the second half of this article here:https://www.deily.org/text/why-are-there-four-gospels-part-2"