1Sahil Badruddin = ""The second factor which stood in the way of pan-Islamism was one of the ideas which I mentioned as a possible source for the new flame. This was the internal movement within the religion itself. The close contacts between the Muslims and the West which were brought about by the war made many people think, and analyse their faith. The more progressive Muslims asked for changes in their civil and criminal law; they asked for Western type laws of succession and Western codes, and they also found that many of their traditions could not be kept up, were they to move as rapidly as Europe. One of these traditions was the wearing of the veil and the sore question of giving secular education to women. "These problems may have been solved had there not been at least ten different forms of Islamic law already in use. I sometimes doubt whether the solution would have been found even if there had only been one practised code. But there were the four Sunni schools and there were the Shia schools; and there were the Muslim schools that had been influenced by Greek and Byzantine tradition. "The Muslims were unable, simply because of the background in which they had lived, to reach a common agreement." His Highness the Aga Khan's 1957 address to the Dar es Salaam Cultural Society, 'Harvard University and Studies of the Middle East' (Dar es Salaam,Tanzania)"