1Sahil Badruddin = ""
You will find in the center of the Cross an intersection and this intersection holds the four
Ranks (hudud) and is its center… This means the root is one, and it unites the four pillars of the
universe, and the four, the seven, and the twelve are all connected to this root" - Jafar ibn Mansur al-Yaman, Sara‘ir wa Asrar an-Nutaqa, ed. Mustafa Ghalib, (Beirut: Dar al-Andalus),
215-216, transl. Seth ‘Abd al-Hakeem Carney, The Paradise of Enlightenment: A Treatise on Ontology,
Exoteric and Esoteric Imamah, and Spiritual Practice in Seven Chapters, unpublished.