1Sahil B = ""Michael Charlton: But in this conflict between the orthodox, who say that the Qur'anic teaching, like Khomeini appears to be saying in Iran, are immutable and even if the majority wishes them to be changed -- they can not be changed because the teaching itself is unchanging and must not be changed -- in that context, between those who think like that and those who think that Islam can not survive unless it adapts, where do you stand yourself? Aga Khan: I think the question is where you start from. Are you starting from the Qur'an? Are you starting from the Sharia? Are you starting from secular Christian law? Where are you starting from? The Qur'an is not a body of law, and that, I think, is a statement that every Muslim will make. What is referred to today as Islamic law is a compilation of views expressed by law makers who lived well after the revelation of the Qur'an, well after the time of the Prophet. The interesting thing is that in the Qu'ran, for example, a lot of the things which I would refer to as punishment, are punishment as deterrent. The punishment itself is not the issue at stake. The question is you have got to stop certain things from happening for the good of society. Now if that's the starting point, then I would say a lot of things do not have to be done, which maybe being done today in the Muslim world. That is my position, because I will start from the Qur'an. I will not start from an interpretation made five or six generations after the life of the Prophet. If we're talking about fundamentalism, lets start at the revelation of Islam." His Highness the Aga Khan's 1979 BBC Radio 4 Interview with Michael Charlton (London, United Kingdom)"