1Enakshi Ganguly = ""King Bharat had made a rule that the one who is a winner by his karma (deeds and ability), will inherit the throne and not the one who has the birthright.The tide changed its course when the Kuru King Shantanu lost his heart to a mean commoner...Now the question arises, why pick Vyasa for Niyoga? The possible answer could be that Satyavati’s (step) son Bheeshma was bound by his vow of eternal bachelorhood and celibacy, so he was obviously not the right choice to do the needful. The only other person worthy of producing able rulers was another son of Satyavati - Vyasa. Therefore, destiny chose to let Vyasa’s seed to take over the Kingdom of Hastinapur. This was how Bharat’s law was guarded and reinstated by nature."Source: http://zeenews.india.com/blog/the-karma-of-satyavati-dhritrashtra-and-draupadi-in-mahabharata_6720.html"
2Enakshi Ganguly = ""There are two different views regarding his birthplace. One of the views suggests that he was born in the Tanahun district in western Nepal. He is the author of the Mahabharata, as well as a character in it. He is considered to be the scribe of both the Vedas and Puranas. According to Hindu beliefs, Vyasa is an incarnation of the god Vishnu. Vyāsa is also considered to be one of the seven Chiranjivins (long lived, or immortals), who are still in existence according to general Hindu belief."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vyasa"
3Enakshi Ganguly = ""...though adultery is frowned upon in the scriptures and texts and fidelity in marriage is required,the concept of Dharma or duty is brought into the picture when it comes to Niyoga. It is treated as the duty of a brother in law or any male relative to be the facilitator of a child to the widow of their family.This duty is not one that can be looked at as adultery because clearly stated in the rules of Niyoga is the fact that neither the man nor the woman involved enjoy this act or treat it as a pleasurable experience. It is purely related to work and there can be no enjoyment involved when the consummation takes place. Justlike how Vyasa is not meant to enjoy the sexual act he is supposed to partake in with Ambika and Ambalika, no man or woman is to be overpowered by the urges present in them. If they do treat the act asone of pleasure, then they are considered adulterous and in some respects unfit to be given importance insociety. There were also guidelines laid down by different manuscripts like themanusmriti or the vedas that say there must be a certain time interval present before committing to the act of Niyoga and also thewidow and the brother in law or the man appointed to provide the seed to plant must not meet after thecompletion of the act. Even in the Mahabharata, the practice of Niyoga has some boundaries, the limit tothe number of sons that can be produced through the Niyoga union was set to three."Source: http://www.academia.edu/5056332/The_Evolution_and_The_Basic_Concept_of_Niyoga"
4Enakshi Ganguly = ""Child who born in this niyoga process is considered the child of Wife and Husband. The selected person for niyoga process will not become father of child.The born child was called as kshetraja - child of wife and husband.The selected person will not allow to make relationship with mother or child in future.The selected person will allow only three times for niyoga process in his life time. "Source: http://theancientindia.blogspot.com/2014/03/niyoga.html"
5Enakshi Ganguly = ""There would be no foreplay, oral or any other type of sexual activity except the intercourse.There would be a semi-transparent curtain covering the upper part of the woman, only allowing view and access to the womans lower part for the man performing Niyoga.In Niyoga, the bodies were to be covered with ghee (so that lust may not take root in the minds of participants but actual act may take place for conception)."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niyoga"
7Enakshi Ganguly = ""In a few versions of the Mahabharatha, Ambika is shown to have no strong motherly feelings towards her blind son Dhritarashtra, as he was a son unwanted to her.After Dhritarashtra's birth, when Satyavati requested Vyasa to visit Ambika for the second time, she dared not go and sent her maid instead. The maid also bore a son, Vidura, who was raised as a brother of Dhritarashtra and Pandu. Much later, Ambika accompanied Satyavati and Ambalika to the forest and ended her life in austerities."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambika_(Mahabharata)"
8Enakshi Ganguly = ""Veda Vyasa had come from years of intense meditation and as a result, he looked tremendously unkempt. When he approached Ambalika, she turned pale in fear. Her son Pandu, the result of the niyoga, was born with a pale appearance.After the death of Pandu, Ambalika accompanied her mother-in-law Satyavati and sister Ambika to the forest and spent the rest of her days in spiritual retreat."Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambalika"
9Enakshi Ganguly = ""While Dhritarashtra and Pandu were young boys, Bhishma ruled in the capital city Hastinapur which was filled with 100s of palaces and mansions, and some said rivaled Indra’s celestial city. Bhishma lovingly raised the three boys as if they were his own sons and because of his blameless integrity and righteous character ‘the wheel of virtue’ was set in motion. The education of the boys included not only military skills, such as archery, club and sword fighting, and building muscle strength, but also the wisdom and knowledge of the Vedas."Source: http://www.inannareturns.com/gita/story2.htm"
10Enakshi Ganguly = "Dhritarashta was physically blind but also blind in many ways to his sons vices (which will be clearer towards the impending war between the Kauravas and Pandavas). He was a man who could not see the flaws of his family, and the way his country was falling apart."
11Enakshi Ganguly = ""There was also a third son born of the sage Vyasa whose name was Vidura, but his mother was a palace maid sent by one of the royal princesses to escape the dreaded intimacy with Vyasa as the lady was aware of his less than kingly appearance due to his recent ascetic practices. The humble maid however was respectful and pleasing to Vyasa, and their son became a learned man of great wisdom and integrity. The boy was a partial incarnation of the deity Dharma, the god of justice, who had been cursed into human form by yet another angry Rishi. Vidura’s role in the Mahabharata is more of an outsider who sagely observes events."Source: http://www.inannareturns.com/gita/story2.htm"
12Enakshi Ganguly = "The tension, the power struggle, begins here: When the decision is made for Pandu to be king, instead of Dhritarashtra."