1Sahil Badruddin = ""Separation of church and state, and separation of powers, are both fundamentally Christian ideas.
The construction of such concepts stem from the worldview that men are basically sinful-- and thus can not be trusted with power-- regardless of their paradigm or worldview. . . that there is no such thing as a perfect system so long as sinful man is responsible for running the system. Thus, as James Madison put it, "the ambition to counteract man's ambition must be undertaken."
The true insight that Christianity gave the founding father's was that it didn't matter if you were a Christian, an atheist, a humanist, a pagan, or anything else. . . once any given "ism" is given unchecked power, it will naturally tend to progress toward trampling on the God given rights of other human beings. Thus separation of church and state, and separation of powers, needs to continue.
"It cannot be emphasized too strongly or too often that this great nation was founded, not by religionists, but by Christians; not on religions, but on the gospel of Jesus Christ. For this very reason peoples of other faiths have been afforded asylum, prosperity, and freedom of worship here."
-- Patrick Henry (ratifier of the U.S. Constitution)"-Steve Bennett "