1Ben N = "In this talk, His Holiness the 14th
Dalai Lama explains how Buddhism came to Tibet from India. He traces
the Tibetan tradition to the Nalanda Buddhist monastery and
university, and describes how the sutras and teachings were
translated from their original Sanskrit. He also
explains that some apparent contradictions in the Tibetan Buddhist
tradition are due to the different needs of students, with different
psychological and karmic propensities.
Switching to his native tongue, His
Holiness then begins to discuss some fundamental Buddhist concepts,
including the Four Noble Truths. He explains that suffering has it's
roots in our own mind, and our conditioned ways of thinking and
perceiving. He tells us that the aim of Buddhist practice is to
discover and eliminate the causes of suffering in himself, and
cultivate the mindful discipline that is the condition of happiness.
His Holiness identifies the fundamental
cause of our suffering as the ignorance of our own true nature, and
the nature of reality. Believing ourselves to be a separate self,
objectively real, we are unconsciously driven to grasp after things
that reinforce our separateness, and satisfy our cravings. When we
realize the true nature of self and reality is emptiness, or pure
luminosity, then suffering ceases and we attain the awakened, or
enlightened state of Buddhahood."
2Cary W = "The essential nature of the mind is pure; it is the thoughts, labels, perceptions, learned behaviors and desires that pollute and distort its inherent purity."