Teaching of the Dalai Lama: Introduction to Buddhism

source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWDiyGAOKk4

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1 Ben N = "In this talk, His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama explains how Buddhism came to Tibet from India. He traces the Tibetan tradition to the Nalanda Buddhist monastery and university, and describes how the sutras and teachings were translated from their original Sanskrit. He also explains that some apparent contradictions in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition are due to the different needs of students, with different psychological and karmic propensities. Switching to his native tongue, His Holiness then begins to discuss some fundamental Buddhist concepts, including the Four Noble Truths. He explains that suffering has it's roots in our own mind, and our conditioned ways of thinking and perceiving. He tells us that the aim of Buddhist practice is to discover and eliminate the causes of suffering in himself, and cultivate the mindful discipline that is the condition of happiness. His Holiness identifies the fundamental cause of our suffering as the ignorance of our own true nature, and the nature of reality. Believing ourselves to be a separate self, objectively real, we are unconsciously driven to grasp after things that reinforce our separateness, and satisfy our cravings. When we realize the true nature of self and reality is emptiness, or pure luminosity, then suffering ceases and we attain the awakened, or enlightened state of Buddhahood."
2 Cary W = "The essential nature of the mind is pure; it is the thoughts, labels, perceptions, learned behaviors and desires that pollute and distort its inherent purity."